Efficacy of Botanical Extract Formulations of Zanthroxylum usambarense and Warburgia ugandensis on Post-Harvest Management of Sitophilus zeamais in Maize

Abstract:

Sitophilus zeamais causes significant losses to maize produce worldwide. The use of biodegradable and environmentally friendly botanicals as an alternative to synthetic pesticides is increasingly becoming important. Therefore, we sought to determine the use of plant extract formulations to manage S. zeamais during storage. Crude Zanthroxylum usambarense and Warburgia ugandensis stembark extracts were used for contact toxicity and repellent bioassays against S. zeamais. The formulations that exhibited the highest repellence and mortality were tested for insecticidal activity during storage for six months. Phytochemical profiles of the extracts were determined using GC-MS, and molecular docking of active compounds against insect target proteins was done. Mortality analyses revealed LD50 values of 114.89 µg/mL and 197.19 µg/mL for Z. usambarense’s hexane and methanol organic extracts, respectively. Warburgia ugandensis extracts had LD50 values of 69.25 µg/mL and 163.52 µg/mL, respectively. Extract formulations achieved weevil perforation index values of
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APA

Mpoke, R (2024). Efficacy of Botanical Extract Formulations of Zanthroxylum usambarense and Warburgia ugandensis on Post-Harvest Management of Sitophilus zeamais in Maize. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/efficacy-of-botanical-extract-formulations-of-zanthroxylum-usambarense-and-warburgia-ugandensis-on-post-harvest-management-of-sitophilus-zeamais-in-maize

MLA 8th

Mpoke, Rhonest "Efficacy of Botanical Extract Formulations of Zanthroxylum usambarense and Warburgia ugandensis on Post-Harvest Management of Sitophilus zeamais in Maize" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/efficacy-of-botanical-extract-formulations-of-zanthroxylum-usambarense-and-warburgia-ugandensis-on-post-harvest-management-of-sitophilus-zeamais-in-maize. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

Mpoke, Rhonest . "Efficacy of Botanical Extract Formulations of Zanthroxylum usambarense and Warburgia ugandensis on Post-Harvest Management of Sitophilus zeamais in Maize". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/efficacy-of-botanical-extract-formulations-of-zanthroxylum-usambarense-and-warburgia-ugandensis-on-post-harvest-management-of-sitophilus-zeamais-in-maize >.

Chicago

Mpoke, Rhonest . "Efficacy of Botanical Extract Formulations of Zanthroxylum usambarense and Warburgia ugandensis on Post-Harvest Management of Sitophilus zeamais in Maize" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/efficacy-of-botanical-extract-formulations-of-zanthroxylum-usambarense-and-warburgia-ugandensis-on-post-harvest-management-of-sitophilus-zeamais-in-maize