Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Science

THE IMPACT OF NO TILL CULTIVATION ON INFILTRATION RATE AND DRY AGGREGATE STABILITY IN GIREI, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

 ABSTRACT The impact of short term no-till cultivation on infiltration rate and dry aggregate stability in mararraban daware, Girei local government area, Adamawa state were evaluated to compare some soil properties as affected by some tillage operations. The no-till cultivation was started in June 2015 and in January 2017 measurements of soil infiltration rate, dry aggregate stability, pH (soil reaction), organic carbon, electrical conductivity (EC), and soil texture were made. ...

Genetic Variability and Development of Cassava based Products Using Morphometic and RAPD Markers

Identifying genetic variation among some varieties of cassava for varied uses.

A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE REACTION OF DIFFERENT TOMATO CULTIVARS TO ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE

Nematode infestation has contributed to the low yield in tomato production in Nigeria (Charcher et. al., 2003).  Other production problem in the management of tomatos are weeds infestation, insects pest and diseases such as bacteria, fungi and virus diseases (Li et. al., 2007).  According to Nagesh at. al., 2005) rood-knot index ranged from 3.2 to 4.5 on a 0.5 scale with number of egg masses ranging from 69 to 98 lg root.  Therefore, controlling nematodes in the soil cou...

ISOLATING AND IDENTIFYING THE EFFECT OF NEMATODE DISEASE ON PLANT. AN EXPERIMENT USING SOIL SAMPLES AND PLANT MATERIALS

            The word Nematode is derived from the Greek word, what is the word?. Meaning “thread like ones” (nema means “thread” and ode means “like”). Nematodes can therefore be described as thread-like worms. (dropking 2001). Nematodes, eelworms and round worms are synonymous for the same group of organisms. The Phylum Nemata, to which nematodes belong occupies an intermediate position between the Phyla Platy helminthes (these include flukes a...

EFFECT OF BIOCHAR (CHARCOAL) ON MICROBIAL COLONIZATION AND HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATION IN A POLLUTED SOIL

ABSTRACT A study of the effect of biochar (charcoal) on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in polluted soil was conducted for eighth (8) weeks between September to October, during the cropping season of 2018, at the faculty of Agriculture, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of biochar on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in a polluted soil. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized des...

Research work preliminary

ABSTRACT             A study of the effect of biochar (charcoal) on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in polluted soil was conducted for eighth (8) weeks between September to October, during the cropping season of 2018, at the faculty of Agriculture, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of biochar on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in a pollut...

Cost-effectiveness of interventions for alternate food in the United States to address agricultural catastrophes

The literature suggests there is ~0.3 percent chance per year of full-scale nuclear war. This event would have ~20 percent probability of causing U.S. mass starvation due to collapse of conventional agriculture from smoke blocking the sun. Alternate foods exploit fossil fuels (e.g. methane digesting bacteria) and stored biomass (e.g. mushrooms growing on dead trees) and are technically capable of saving all Americans from starving. However, current awareness is low and the technologies need t...

Food without sun: Price and life-saving potential

The sun could be blocked by an asteroid impact, supervolcanic eruption, or nuclear winter caused by burning of cities during nuclear war. The primary problem in these scenarios is loss of food production. Previous work has shown that alternate foods not dependent on sunlight, such as bacteria grown on natural gas, calories extracted from killed leaves, and cellulose turned into sugar enzymatically, could feed everyone in these catastrophes and preparation for these foods would save lives high...

Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change a Case Study in Swaziland

This study was designed to establish farmers’ perception on climate change and weather variability and its impacts on input investments, crop yields and food security. The study was conducted in the Middleveld of Swaziland were three constituencies were selected within the region. Three communities were selected spatially from each constituency. Purposive sampling was used to select 30 households from each community to make a sample size of 270 households. Information was collected from hea...

APPROACH USED BY GOVERNMENT AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOs) IN PROMOTING CROP PRODUCTION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON FOOD SECURITY AND HUNGER IN RURAL SWAZILAND: A CASE STUDY OF SITHOBE

This study was done to establish the appropriateness of government and NGOs strategies to improve food security through the production of drought resistant crops in Swaziland. To determine this, analysis was done on the current rural Swazi livelihoods, strategies used by subsistence farmers to cope with hunger, priorities of both subsistence farmers and change agents and the approach used by change agents to fight hunger. Sithobela community was picked as a case study and a total number of 72...

Micronutrient Availability in Alternative Foods During Agricultural Catastrophes

Several catastrophes could block the sun, including asteroid/comet impact, super volcanic eruption, and nuclear war with the burning of cities (nuclear winter). Previous work has analyzed alternate food supplies (e.g., mushrooms growing on dead trees, bacteria growing on natural gas). This was shown to be technically capable of feeding everyone with macronutrients (protein, carbohydrates, and lipids) and minerals, although economics and politics remain uncertain. The present work analyzes vit...

Strengthening Farmer Adaptive Capacity through Farms of the Future Approach in Wester Kenya

hrough the farms of the future (FotF) approach, the CCAFS climate analogue tool can be used to connect farmers to their possible future climates through farmer-to-farmer learning exchanges. In East Africa, this has already been piloted in Lushoto, Tanzania (Nelson et al. 2012), and recently implemented in Nyando, Kenya. The Farms of the Future approach focusses on two main objectives: First, to build on farmer-to-farmer exchanges to analogue sites as a valuable option to improve adaptive...

Adoption and Dissemination Pathways for Climate-Smart Agriculture Technologies and Practices for Climate-Resilient Livelihoods in Lushoto, Northeast Tanzania

Smallholder farmers in East Africa need information and knowledge on appropriate climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices, technologies, and institutional innovations in order to effectively adapt to changing climatic conditions and cope with climate variability. This paper assesses farmer adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices and innovation after being exposed to Farms of the Future Approach (FotF). First; we explore and assess the various CSA technologies and practices; includin...

PROFITABILITY OF SMALLHOLDER MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE TECHIMAN MUNICIPALITY

ABSTRACT The study was conducted among smallholder maize farmers in the Techiman Municipality of Brong-Ahafo Region. Semi-structured questionnaire was the main instrument for collecting the primary data. Using data from hundred (100) randomly sampled maize farmers in the Brong-Ahafo Region, the profitability of maize farming was assessed and the determinants of profit was examined. Budgetary technique, multiple regressions and Kendall’s coefficient of Concordance was used to analyze th...

Business proposal on turkey farm

LIST OF CONTENTS   INTRODUCTION  DESCRIPTION OF THE PRODUCTS  REASONS FOR STARTING TURKEY FARMING  TURKEY BREEDS  TURKEY FEEDS  THE POTENTIAL REWARD OF TURKEY FARM BUSINESS  FARM STRUCTURE  Economic Parameters in Turkey Farming  GENERAL TURKEY MANAGEMENT  Vaccination  Debeaking and Toe Clipping  BEHAVIOUR  Temperature  TURKEY DISEASES  Turkey Farming: Feasibility Study&...


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