Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Science

Effect of Cadmium on Incubation

ABSTRACT Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous of soil pollutants because this heavy metal may easily move from soil to food plants through root absorption, and fairly large amounts can accumulate in their tissues without showing stress. The CEC increase from 175.554 to 105.331 and 95.502 respectively for decrease in concentration of cadmium metal, this is due to isomorphic substitution of the cadmium from the metal in cation exchange capacity (Ca, Mg, K and Na). Nitrogen als...

Linking Smallholder Farmers to Markets Enhances Productivity Growth: A Case Study of Rice Farmers in Ghana

ABSTRACTSmallholder farmers are the major players in agricultural production and food supply systems in Africa. However, poor access to market limits their productivity growth. This brings into focus the need to support smallholders to become less subsistence-based and more entrepreneurial by tailoring production to market forces.Agriculture is one of Ghana's most important economic sector, employing almost half the population on a formal and informal basis and accounting ...

CHANGES IN ORGANIC CARBON FRACTIONS AND MICROAGGREGATION ON A SOIL TREATED WITH RICE HUSK COMPOST PREPARED USING CATTLE URINE AND WATER AS SOURCES OF MOISTURE

Soil organic matter is the decomposed and partially decomposed remains of plants and animals in the soil and this help in nutrient recycling. This work evaluated the effect of compost types on various organic carbon fractions and microaggregation. Soil samples collected at 0-20 cm depth were analyzed for total organic carbon (TOC), free particulate organic carbon (fPoC), occluded particulate organic carbon (oPOC), acid-hydrolzable organic carbon (AHOC) and non-acid hydrolysable organic carbon...

Silage Characteristics and Nutritional Quality of Panicum Maximum Ensiled with or without Browse Seeds (Enterolobuum Cyclocarpum and Albizia Saman

The present study evaluated the silage characteristics and nutritive quality of panicum maximum ensiled with or without browse seeds. The study was a 7 x 2 factorial experiment, constituting of panicum maximum harvested at different maturity stages ensiled with two browse plant seeds (Enterolobium cyclocarpum and albizia saman) at different proportions(100:0, 75:25, 50:50, and25:75).Data o pH,  Temperature and physical characteristics of the silage were recorded. There no significant (p

Cowpea Production

ABSTRACTA Field experiment was carried out to evaluate seventeen cowpea genotypes for yield components of seventeen cowpea genotypes that comprised of thirteen advanced breeding lines; IT99K-1060, IT97K-499-35, IT07K-299-6, IT99K-216-24-2, IT04K-333-2, IT98K-491-4, IT855K-643-1, IT89K-288, IT04-334-2, IT95K-2011-11, IT97K-573-1-1, IT0K-973-6, IT99K-1122 and four local accessions; Dan Cameroon, Dan Bauchi, Dan Wuri, Achishiru. The trial was conducted at teaching and research farm, Abubakar Taf...

Assessment of productivity and protein content in 16 soy bean genotypes

 ABSTACTThis experiment was carried out at Bunda College Crops and soil Science Students’ Research Farm in the 2010/2011 cropping season with the objective to assess genotype improvement in terms of productivity and protein content in different soy bean genotypes. There were 12 inbred lines i.e., UG-5, TG X 1937-1F, TG X 1954-1F, TG X 1485-1D, TG X 1019-2EB, TG X 1830-20E, TG X1885-10E, TG X 1440-1E, TG X 1904-6F, TG X-1908-8F, TG X 1019-13F, TG X1019-14F and 4 cultivars i.e. Magoye, N...

THE IMPACT OF NO TILL CULTIVATION ON INFILTRATION RATE AND DRY AGGREGATE STABILITY IN GIREI, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

 ABSTRACT The impact of short term no-till cultivation on infiltration rate and dry aggregate stability in mararraban daware, Girei local government area, Adamawa state were evaluated to compare some soil properties as affected by some tillage operations. The no-till cultivation was started in June 2015 and in January 2017 measurements of soil infiltration rate, dry aggregate stability, pH (soil reaction), organic carbon, electrical conductivity (EC), and soil texture were made. ...

Genetic Variability and Development of Cassava based Products Using Morphometic and RAPD Markers

Identifying genetic variation among some varieties of cassava for varied uses.

A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE REACTION OF DIFFERENT TOMATO CULTIVARS TO ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE

Nematode infestation has contributed to the low yield in tomato production in Nigeria (Charcher et. al., 2003).  Other production problem in the management of tomatos are weeds infestation, insects pest and diseases such as bacteria, fungi and virus diseases (Li et. al., 2007).  According to Nagesh at. al., 2005) rood-knot index ranged from 3.2 to 4.5 on a 0.5 scale with number of egg masses ranging from 69 to 98 lg root.  Therefore, controlling nematodes in the soil cou...

ISOLATING AND IDENTIFYING THE EFFECT OF NEMATODE DISEASE ON PLANT. AN EXPERIMENT USING SOIL SAMPLES AND PLANT MATERIALS

            The word Nematode is derived from the Greek word, what is the word?. Meaning “thread like ones” (nema means “thread” and ode means “like”). Nematodes can therefore be described as thread-like worms. (dropking 2001). Nematodes, eelworms and round worms are synonymous for the same group of organisms. The Phylum Nemata, to which nematodes belong occupies an intermediate position between the Phyla Platy helminthes (these include flukes a...

EFFECT OF BIOCHAR (CHARCOAL) ON MICROBIAL COLONIZATION AND HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATION IN A POLLUTED SOIL

ABSTRACT A study of the effect of biochar (charcoal) on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in polluted soil was conducted for eighth (8) weeks between September to October, during the cropping season of 2018, at the faculty of Agriculture, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of biochar on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in a polluted soil. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized des...

Research work preliminary

ABSTRACT             A study of the effect of biochar (charcoal) on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in polluted soil was conducted for eighth (8) weeks between September to October, during the cropping season of 2018, at the faculty of Agriculture, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of biochar on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in a pollut...

Cost-effectiveness of interventions for alternate food in the United States to address agricultural catastrophes

The literature suggests there is ~0.3 percent chance per year of full-scale nuclear war. This event would have ~20 percent probability of causing U.S. mass starvation due to collapse of conventional agriculture from smoke blocking the sun. Alternate foods exploit fossil fuels (e.g. methane digesting bacteria) and stored biomass (e.g. mushrooms growing on dead trees) and are technically capable of saving all Americans from starving. However, current awareness is low and the technologies need t...

Food without sun: Price and life-saving potential

The sun could be blocked by an asteroid impact, supervolcanic eruption, or nuclear winter caused by burning of cities during nuclear war. The primary problem in these scenarios is loss of food production. Previous work has shown that alternate foods not dependent on sunlight, such as bacteria grown on natural gas, calories extracted from killed leaves, and cellulose turned into sugar enzymatically, could feed everyone in these catastrophes and preparation for these foods would save lives high...

Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change a Case Study in Swaziland

This study was designed to establish farmers’ perception on climate change and weather variability and its impacts on input investments, crop yields and food security. The study was conducted in the Middleveld of Swaziland were three constituencies were selected within the region. Three communities were selected spatially from each constituency. Purposive sampling was used to select 30 households from each community to make a sample size of 270 households. Information was collected from hea...

Need a Professional researcher to work on your project? Click Here to Submit a Writing Request

1 - 15 Of 42 Results