CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND (FROM 1990-2004)

ABUL SALAM 18 PAGES (5164 WORDS) Article
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ABSTRACT 

The study examines the factors that account for the increase in malaria cases in Dvokolwako 

area (Swaziland), which in the past was generally malaria free. The two main aspects 

examined in the study area are climate change patterns and sugar cane cultivation under 

irrigation. Climatic data of the area was obtained from the Mbabane National Meteorological 

Service, whilst retrospective inpatient malaria data was obtained from Dvokolwako and 

Mliba clinics. Data on sugar cane growing was collected from the farmers through face-to-

face questionnaire interviews. A field observation guide was used to collect information on 

the status of the sugar cane fields. The results clearly show that average temperatures have 

increased during the past fifteen years. It, therefore, appears that changes in climate 

parameters, especially maximum and minimum daily temperatures, have created conducive 

ecological conditions for mosquito breeding, thereby resulting in the increased incidence of 

reported malaria cases in the Dvokolwako area.  

 

Keywords: Swaziland climate change, malaria incidence, epidemic, climate parameters, 

sugar cane irrigation, Dvokolwako area, and environmental factorsABSTRACT
The study examines the factors that account for the increase in malaria cases in Dvokolwako
area (Swaziland), which in the past was generally malaria free. The two main aspects
examined in the study area are climate change patterns and sugar cane cultivation under
irrigation. Climatic data of the area was obtained from the Mbabane National Meteorological
Service, whilst retrospective inpatient malaria data was obtained from Dvokolwako and
Mliba clinics. Data on sugar cane growing was collected from the farmers through face-to-
face questionnaire interviews. A field observation guide was used to collect information on
the status of the sugar cane fields. The results clearly show that average temperatures have
increased during the past fifteen years. It, therefore, appears that changes in climate
parameters, especially maximum and minimum daily temperatures, have created conducive
ecological conditions for mosquito breeding, thereby resulting in the increased incidence of
reported malaria cases in the Dvokolwako area.
Keywords: Swaziland climate change, malaria incidence, epidemic, climate parameters,
sugar cane irrigation, Dvokolwako area, and environmental factorsABSTRACT
The study examines the factors that account for the increase in malaria cases in Dvokolwako
area (Swaziland), which in the past was generally malaria free. The two main aspects
examined in the study area are climate change patterns and sugar cane cultivation under
irrigation. Climatic data of the area was obtained from the Mbabane National Meteorological
Service, whilst retrospective inpatient malaria data was obtained from Dvokolwako and
Mliba clinics. Data on sugar cane growing was collected from the farmers through face-to-
face questionnaire interviews. A field observation guide was used to collect information on
the status of the sugar cane fields. The results clearly show that average temperatures have
increased during the past fifteen years. It, therefore, appears that changes in climate
parameters, especially maximum and minimum daily temperatures, have created conducive
ecological conditions for mosquito breeding, thereby resulting in the increased incidence of
reported malaria cases in the Dvokolwako area.
Keywords: Swaziland climate change, malaria incidence, epidemic, climate parameters,
sugar cane irrigation, Dvokolwako area, and environmental factors
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APA

ABUL, S (2019). CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND (FROM 1990-2004). Afribary.com: Retrieved June 24, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/environmental-and-health-impact-of-solid-waste-disposal-at-mangwaneni-dumpsite-in-manzini-swaziland

MLA 8th

SALAM, ABUL. "CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND (FROM 1990-2004)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 14 Apr. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/environmental-and-health-impact-of-solid-waste-disposal-at-mangwaneni-dumpsite-in-manzini-swaziland . Accessed 24 Jun. 2019.

MLA7

SALAM, ABUL. "CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND (FROM 1990-2004)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 14 Apr. 2019. Web. 24 Jun. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/environmental-and-health-impact-of-solid-waste-disposal-at-mangwaneni-dumpsite-in-manzini-swaziland >.

Chicago

SALAM, ABUL. "CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND (FROM 1990-2004)" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed June 24, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/environmental-and-health-impact-of-solid-waste-disposal-at-mangwaneni-dumpsite-in-manzini-swaziland