Evaluating effectiveness of screening house eaves as a potential intervention for reducing indoor vector densities and malaria prevalence in Nyabondo, western Kenya.

Abstract:

Background Mosquito-proofing of houses using wire mesh screens is gaining greater recognition as a practical intervention for reducing exposure to malaria transmitting mosquitoes. Screening potentially protects all persons sleeping inside the house against transmission of mosquito-borne diseases indoors. The study assessed the effectiveness of house eaves screening in reducing indoor vector densities and malaria prevalence in Nyabondo, western Kenya.

Methods 160 houses were selected for the study, with half of them randomly chosen for eaves screening with fibre-glass coated wire mesh (experimental group) and the other half left without screening (control group). Randomization was carried out by use of computer-generated list in permuted blocks of ten houses and 16 village blocks, with half of them allocated treatment in a ratio of 1:1. Cross-sectional baseline entomological and parasitological data were collected before eave screening. After baseline data collection, series of sampling of indoor adult mosquitoes were conducted once a month in each village using CDC light traps. Three cross-sectional malaria parasitological surveys were conducted at three month intervals after installation of the screens. The primary outcome measures were indoor Anopheles mosquito density and malaria parasite prevalence.

Results A total of 15,286 mosquitoes were collected over the two year period using CDC light traps in 160 houses distributed over 16 study villages (mean mosquitoes = 4.35, SD = 11.48). Of all mosquitoes collected, 2,872 (18.8%) were anophelines (2,869 Anopheles gambiae sensu lato, 1 Anopheles funestus and 2 other Anopheles spp). Overall, among An. gambiae collected, 92.6% were non-blood fed, 3.57% were blood fed and the remaining 0.47% were composed of gravid and half gravid females. More indoor adult mosquitoes were collected in the control than experimental arms of the study. Results from cross-sectional parasitological surveys showed that screened houses recorded relatively low malaria parasite prevalence rates compared to the control houses. Overall, malaria prevalence was 5.6% (95% CI: 4.2–7.5) n = 1,918, with baseline prevalence rate of 6.1% (95% CI: 3.9–9.4), n = 481 and 3rd follow-up survey prevalence of 3.6% (95% CI: 2.0–6.8) n = 494. At all the three parasitological follow-up survey points, house screening significantly reduced the malaria prevalence by 100% (p

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APA

Public Library, A. & P.N., N (2024). Evaluating effectiveness of screening house eaves as a potential intervention for reducing indoor vector densities and malaria prevalence in Nyabondo, western Kenya.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-effectiveness-of-screening-house-eaves-as-a-potential-intervention-for-reducing-indoor-vector-densities-and-malaria-prevalence-in-nyabondo-western-kenya

MLA 8th

Public Library, Africana, and Ng’ang’a P.N. "Evaluating effectiveness of screening house eaves as a potential intervention for reducing indoor vector densities and malaria prevalence in Nyabondo, western Kenya." Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-effectiveness-of-screening-house-eaves-as-a-potential-intervention-for-reducing-indoor-vector-densities-and-malaria-prevalence-in-nyabondo-western-kenya. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Public Library, Africana, and Ng’ang’a P.N. . "Evaluating effectiveness of screening house eaves as a potential intervention for reducing indoor vector densities and malaria prevalence in Nyabondo, western Kenya.". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-effectiveness-of-screening-house-eaves-as-a-potential-intervention-for-reducing-indoor-vector-densities-and-malaria-prevalence-in-nyabondo-western-kenya >.

Chicago

Public Library, Africana and P.N., Ng’ang’a . "Evaluating effectiveness of screening house eaves as a potential intervention for reducing indoor vector densities and malaria prevalence in Nyabondo, western Kenya." Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-effectiveness-of-screening-house-eaves-as-a-potential-intervention-for-reducing-indoor-vector-densities-and-malaria-prevalence-in-nyabondo-western-kenya