Evaluation Of Locally Available Feed Resources For Cattle Fattening Under Traditional Feedlot Production System In Kahama And Misungwi Districts, Tanzania

ABSTRACT 

Two studies were conducted to assess utilization of locally available feed ingredients for cattle fattening under traditional feedlotting system in North Western Tanzania. The first study involved identification of feed materials used for fattening in Misungwi and Kahama districts. Information on feed materials and diet formulation used by cattle fatteners were collected through focus group discussion. The feeds identified were analysed for chemical composition. In the second study, an onstation feeding experiment was conducted to assess the suitability of locally available feeds for cattle fattening. A total of 40 Tanzanian Shorthorn Zebu bulls with the age of three to four years and average weight of 172.6 ± 6.1 kg were used in the experiment. The animals were allocated to five dietary treatments (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) in a completely randomized design and the experiment took 70 days. Four animals were randomly assigned to each dietary treatment and each treatment was replicated twice. The ingredients of fattening diets were maize meal (MM), molasses (ML), maize bran (MB), rice polishing (RP), cotton seed hulls (CSH) and cotton seed cake (CSC). The compositions of the diets were as follows: TI (38% MM, 47% ML+ 0.5% urea), T2 (45% MB, 37% CSH), T3 (37% CSH, 45%RP), T4 (30% CSH, 30% RP, and 22% MB) and T5-control (83.5% CSH + 1.5 local salts). Cotton seed cake (CSC) was used as a source of protein and comprised 13% of diet T1 and 15% of T2, T3 and T4 diets. All diets were provided to the animals in adlib amount after grazing. Average feed intake (AFI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), average daily weight gain (ADG) and gross margin (GM) were determined. The results for focus group discussion show that CSH, CSC, MB and RP were the major feed ingredients used by local farmers for fattening. The majority (35.0%) of the iii respondents were using a diet composed of the mixture of CSH and CSC, but some were using either a mixture of CSH and RP (21.7%) or CSH alone (18.3%) to fatten cattle. In the feeding trial, AFI (5.58 kg DM/d) and FCR (10.27) were highest (P < 0.05) for the bulls fed T5. The highest ADG was observed on the bulls fed T1 diet (0.90 kg/d) and differed (P ≤ 0.05) from that of animals fed T3 (0.61 kg/d) and T5 (0.58 kg/d), but not with the ADG of animals on T2 (0.86 kg/d) and T4 (0.83 kg/d) .The bulls fed T1 had the highest (P < 0.05) cost per unit weight gain (3 337 TZS) and lowest GM (-58 661 TZS) whereas those on T4 had the lowest (P ≤ 0.05) cost per unit weight gain (1 340 TZS) and highest GM (66 834 TZS). It is concluded that, the treatment diet T4 is better than the other diets in traditional cattle fattening systems.

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APA

MREMA, A (2021). Evaluation Of Locally Available Feed Resources For Cattle Fattening Under Traditional Feedlot Production System In Kahama And Misungwi Districts, Tanzania. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-locally-available-feed-resources-for-cattle-fattening-under-traditional-feedlot-production-system-in-kahama-and-misungwi-districts-tanzania

MLA 8th

MREMA, ALEX "Evaluation Of Locally Available Feed Resources For Cattle Fattening Under Traditional Feedlot Production System In Kahama And Misungwi Districts, Tanzania" Afribary. Afribary, 14 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-locally-available-feed-resources-for-cattle-fattening-under-traditional-feedlot-production-system-in-kahama-and-misungwi-districts-tanzania. Accessed 14 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

MREMA, ALEX . "Evaluation Of Locally Available Feed Resources For Cattle Fattening Under Traditional Feedlot Production System In Kahama And Misungwi Districts, Tanzania". Afribary, Afribary, 14 May. 2021. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-locally-available-feed-resources-for-cattle-fattening-under-traditional-feedlot-production-system-in-kahama-and-misungwi-districts-tanzania >.

Chicago

MREMA, ALEX . "Evaluation Of Locally Available Feed Resources For Cattle Fattening Under Traditional Feedlot Production System In Kahama And Misungwi Districts, Tanzania" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-locally-available-feed-resources-for-cattle-fattening-under-traditional-feedlot-production-system-in-kahama-and-misungwi-districts-tanzania