Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaves in Finisher Diet

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Abstract:

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of added graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaf (MOL), as a protein source in poultry diets .90 one-day-old commercial broiler chicks (Ariorikdt) were used . They are reared in open shade house for 28 days and fed the starter diet. At the finisher period chicks were distributed randomly in to 3 group according to similar live body weight. Three experimental ϐinisher diets contain graded level of MOL (0% 8% and 10% ) were formulated and randomly signed to group A, B and C, respectively. Birds were managed under the dip litter system of three groups Each experimental groups contained 30 chicks divided in to three replicates of 10 chicks per each. The daily weight gain, daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio(FCR) and mortality rate were taken recorded throughout the experimental period. Results showed that there was a significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) among the experimental groups. Group A recorded a higher value of daily consumption feed of (145)g followed dy group B (119.88)g and group C (89.21)g. while FCR followed the same trend the values were (1.96)g , (2.08)g and (1.48)g for group A ,B and C respectively. No significant difference (p> 0.05) was observed for daily weight gain and mortality rate. Therefore the inclusion of Moringa Oleifera Leaf as a protein supplement in broiler diets appeared the 10% inclusion level is the best and was improved the FCR and reduced the daily feed intake with similer daily weight gain compared to groups. 


LIST of CONTENTS

Content Page

PREFACE I

DEDICATION II

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT III

ABSTRACT IV

ARABIC ABSTRACT VI

LIST of CONTENTS VIII

LIST of TABLES XII

LIST of APPENDIX XV

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 1

CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW

2 -1. Background of the morniga tree 3

2 -2: Morphology and physical characteristics 4

2 -2 -1. Stem and Branch 4

2 -2 -2. Leaves 4

2 - 2-3. Flowers. 4

2 -2- 4. Fruits and Seeds 5

2 -3. Uses of Moringa Oleifera tree 5

2 -4. Nutritine value of moriga plant 6

2 -5. Human consumption of Moringa 8

2 - 6. Uses Moringa for Animal 9

2 -7. uses of moriga in pultry feeding 11

CHAPTER III: MATERIALS and METHODS

3 -1.Experimental site 14

3 -2. Collection and processing of sample 14

3 -3.Bird experimental 14

3 -4. Houses experimental 15

3 -5. Experimental feeds 15

3 -6. Experimental producer 17

3 -7. Chemical composition of experimented diets 17

3 -8. Statistical analysis 18

CHAPTER IV: RESULTS and DISCUSSION

4-1.resulte 19

4 -2: Discussion 23

4 -2 -1. chemical composition 23

4- 2- 2. Neutral detergent fibres, acid detergent fibres, acid detergent lignin 23

4- 2- 3. feed intake 24

4- 2- 4. the body weight gain 24

4- 2- 5.feed conversion rate 25

CONCLUSION and RECOMMENDATIONS 28

REFERENCES 29

APPENDIX 40

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APA

Consults, E. & Malik, A (2023). Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaves in Finisher Diet. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-broiler-chicks-fed-graded-levels-of-moringa-oleifera-leaves-in-finisher-diet

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and Amal Malik "Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaves in Finisher Diet" Afribary. Afribary, 09 Jan. 2023, https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-broiler-chicks-fed-graded-levels-of-moringa-oleifera-leaves-in-finisher-diet. Accessed 31 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and Amal Malik . "Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaves in Finisher Diet". Afribary, Afribary, 09 Jan. 2023. Web. 31 Jan. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-broiler-chicks-fed-graded-levels-of-moringa-oleifera-leaves-in-finisher-diet >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and Malik, Amal . "Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaves in Finisher Diet" Afribary (2023). Accessed January 31, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-broiler-chicks-fed-graded-levels-of-moringa-oleifera-leaves-in-finisher-diet