Research Papers/Topics in Tropical Animal Production

Assessment Of Improvement Of Chemically And Biologically Treated Maize Stover And Subsquent Utilization Of Treated Materials For Beef Production

ABSTRACT Two studies were conducted to evaluate effectiveness of CaO, enzymes, microbes and Ca(OH)2 in improving the feeding value of maize stover (MS) for beef animals. Study I involved five treatments; untreated MS (T1), CaO treated MS (T2), CaO + enzymes treated MS (T3), CaO + microbes treated MS (T4), CaO + enzymes + microbes treated MS (T5). Study II involved untreated MS (T6) and MS treated with Ca (OH)2 (T7). The treatments were evaluated for chemical composition, degradability, ...

Consumer Preferences And Meat Characteristics Of Four Indigenous Goat Strains Raised In Traditional Livestock Production System In Selected Areas Of Tanzania

EXTENDED ABSTRACT A study was carried out in Bahi, Kwimba, Ngorongoro and Same districts in Tanzania to assess consumer preferences and meat characteristics of four Small East African (SEA) goat strains raised under traditional livestock production system. The study aimed at determining age, sex and meat cuts preferred by consumers in the four districts and comparing the carcass characteristics of Sonjo, Pare, Gogo and Sukuma goats raised in those districts. To determine the age, sex a...

Effect Of Chromolaena Odorata Leaf Meal On The Performance Of Small East African Goats

ABSTRACT A 90 days study was conducted to investigate the effect of Chromolaena odorata leaf meal as protein supplement on the growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Small East African (SEA) goats. Sixteen entire male goats aged 12 to 15 months with mean initial weight of 13.10 ± 0.72 kg were randomly allocated to four dietary treatments in a completely randomized design. Four dietary treatments D1, D2, D3 and D4 were formulated with inclusion of Chromolaena od...

Evaluation Of Locally Available Feed Resources For Cattle Fattening Under Traditional Feedlot Production System In Kahama And Misungwi Districts, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Two studies were conducted to assess utilization of locally available feed ingredients for cattle fattening under traditional feedlotting system in North Western Tanzania. The first study involved identification of feed materials used for fattening in Misungwi and Kahama districts. Information on feed materials and diet formulation used by cattle fatteners were collected through focus group discussion. The feeds identified were analysed for chemical composition. In the seco...

Assessment Of Feeding Practices And Performance Of Dairy Cattle In Kibaha District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Two studies were carried out in Kibaha District to investigate feeding practices and performance of dairy cattle kept by smallholder farmers. In experiment 1, a formal survey aimed at assessing the existing feeding practices, performance and constraints, involved 30 dairy farmers from 3 wards. In experiment 2, twenty four (24) lactating cows from two wards, that is 12 cows from each ward, were monitored for one month where intakes and milk yield were measured. In experiment 1; t...

Effect of dietary supplementation of Coriandrum Sativum (Kuzbara) Powder on the performance and dressing percentage of broiler chickens

This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of adding different levels of coriander sativum in broiler diets on the production performance and dressing percentage. One hundred and twenty 9 day old unsexed broiler chicks (Hubbard F15) with average weight 135g were divided into three groups (40chicks/group). Each group was sub-divided into (4) replicates (10 chicks/replicate), in a completely randomized design. Three experimental diets were formulated twice t...

Evaluation Of Plant And Animal Products / By Products As Alternative Protein Sources To Fish Meal In Tilapia Diets

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to develop practical diets in Tanzania for Nile tilapia using fish meal (FM), soybean meal (SBM), cottonseed meal (CSM), sunflower seed meal (SFSM), freshwater shrimp meal (FSM) and blood meal (BM). Eleven isonitrogenous (30g 100g-1 ), isolipidic (10g 100g-1 ) and isoenergetic (18 kJg-1 ) test diets were prepared; the control diet (FM) used FM (22%) and SBM (30%) as the major sources of protein. In the test diets, FM was fixed at 5%, while the inclusi...

Evaluation Of Microbial Contamination In Milk Of Healthy And Mastitic Cows In Selected Districts In Tanzania

ABSTRACT The production of milk from cows in Tanzania has not reached the optimum levels due to several constraints including poor genetic potential of animals, lack of feeds especially good quantity and good quality during the dry seasons, prevalence of diseaseases, generally poor management and lack of good husbandry practices. Mastitis is one of the important disease that lowers the milk production and quality in local and dairy cattle in Tanzania. This cross sectional study was cond...