Exclusive breastfeeding refers to the percentage of children less than six months old who are fed
breast milk alone (no other liquids) in the past 24 hours(WHO, 2013), which provides the only
perfect nutrients for babies, protect them against infections and it lays the foundation of their
breathing psychological development(Berlin, 2005).
A cross sectional study was conducted at Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio district, Mudug
region, Puntland_somalia. To determine the practices of breastfeeding among the mothers
attending Galkaio General Hospital, the social practices affecting breast feeding and to identify
cultural hindering factors to exclusive Breast feeding among mothers at Galkaio general
This study showed that most of the mothers breastfed for 6 months (33%), followed by those who
breastfeed 7-12 months (28%), which was higher than previous results and that 58% of the mothers
said that their culture says that baby do not get enough milk when they practice exclusive
breastfeeding, 35% said the baby do not get enough milk.
The study concluded that there is low practice of exclusive breastfeeding at Galkaio General
Hospital, Galkaio District, Mudug region, Puntland_somalia. This was majorly influenced by the
cultural believes and barriers in this study area.
The study recommended that the government of Puntland_somalia, especially Mudug region
should institute maternal education programs to teach mothers about breastfeeding and early
child hood development, the community leaders should initiate mother to mother peer program
to overcome the rampant cultural barriers in the implementing of exclusive breastfeeding and
another study should be conducted to determine drivers and the outcomes of the breastfeeding practices among women in Mudug region on their child’s development
OSMAN, A (2021). Factors Affecting Exclusive Breast Feeding At Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio District, Mudug Region, Puntland_Somalia. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/factors-affecting-exclusive-breast-feeding-at-galkaio-general-hospital-galkaio-district-mudug-region-puntland-somalia
OSMAN, AHMED "Factors Affecting Exclusive Breast Feeding At Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio District, Mudug Region, Puntland_Somalia" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/factors-affecting-exclusive-breast-feeding-at-galkaio-general-hospital-galkaio-district-mudug-region-puntland-somalia. Accessed 09 Jun. 2023.
OSMAN, AHMED . "Factors Affecting Exclusive Breast Feeding At Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio District, Mudug Region, Puntland_Somalia". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Jun. 2021. Web. 09 Jun. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/factors-affecting-exclusive-breast-feeding-at-galkaio-general-hospital-galkaio-district-mudug-region-puntland-somalia >.
OSMAN, AHMED . "Factors Affecting Exclusive Breast Feeding At Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio District, Mudug Region, Puntland_Somalia" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 09, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/factors-affecting-exclusive-breast-feeding-at-galkaio-general-hospital-galkaio-district-mudug-region-puntland-somalia