Background: Preterm delivery which is delivery occurring less than 37 completed weeks of
gestation is a major cause of neonatal mortality and childhood morbidity worldwide. Several
factors influence the survival rate of premature babies making them vulnerable and prone to
neonatal mortality. However, there is limited evidence on factors that contribute to mortality
among preterm neonates in Ghana. The objective of this study was to determine factors
influencing mortality among preterm neonates in the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH) of
Methods: A retrospective descriptive design was employed and all available records of preterm
babies delivered from January, 1st to December, 31st 2017, were reviewed and included in the
study. A structured check list was designed and used to collect data on the variables of the study.
Data collected were analyzed using STATA version 15. Descriptive analysis was done using
simple frequencies and percentages while test of association and strength of association were
done using Chi-square test and bivariate and multiple regression analysis.
Results: Preterm neonatal mortality was high (27.5%) among preterm deliveries and constituted
37.8% of neonatal mortality. The birth weight and gestational age of preterm babies could
strongly predict preterm neonatal mortality and preterm babies delivered less than 28 weeks of
gestational age were more likely to die compared with babies born at gestational age of above 28
weeks (p< 0.001). A preterm baby with a birth weight of less than 1.5kg had significantly higher
chance of dying compared with those who weighed 1.5kg or more (p<0.001)
CDR, C (2021). Factors Influencing Mortality Among Preterm Neonates At The Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/factors-influencing-mortality-among-preterm-neonates-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital
Coalition, CDR. "Factors Influencing Mortality Among Preterm Neonates At The Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/factors-influencing-mortality-among-preterm-neonates-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital . Accessed 14 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Factors Influencing Mortality Among Preterm Neonates At The Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 14 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/factors-influencing-mortality-among-preterm-neonates-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital >.
Coalition, CDR. "Factors Influencing Mortality Among Preterm Neonates At The Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 14, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/factors-influencing-mortality-among-preterm-neonates-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital