Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Economics

Determinants of Use Intensity of Inorganic Fertilizer and Its Effect On Maize Yield Among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Northern Ghana

ABSTRACT Studies have shown that poverty rates in Northern Ghana are two to three times more than the national average. Poverty, low income generation, and chronic food insecurity remains a critical challenge among the people in this region. Smallholder farmers in northern Ghana have limited access to the assets that would facilitate a shift from low productivity subsistence farming to modern commercial agriculture. The major constraints to their livelihoods include lack of infrastructure an...

The Impact Of Education On Productivity In The Commercial Poultry Industry In The Greater Accra Region (Ghana)

ABSTRACT This study examines the impact of education on productivity (output) in the commercial poultry industry. Studies have focused on the role of production inputs including the human capital on agricultural productivity, with little emphasis on commercial poultry production. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 60 production managers of the commercial poultry enterprises in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana for the production period of 1999. The levels of educ...

An Analysis Of The Financial Structure And Profitability Of Rice Enterprise: The Case Of Adarice Project Participating Farmers In Enugu State, Nigeria

In order to help local farmers improve on their rice production technique amongst other objectives, Adarice project adopted the participating farmers' scheme.

Technical Efficiency In The Production Of Nsukka Yellow Pepper Among Rural Farmers In Enugu North Agricultural Zone, Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis study determines the technical efficiency level and socioeconomic characteristics thatinfluence the technical efficiency of yellow pepper farmers. Stochastic Frontier function thatincorporated inefficiency factors was estimated using a Maximum Likelihood technique toprovide estimates of technical efficiency and its determinants using data obtained from 60Nsukka Yellow pepper farmers in Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria. The result shows that the meantechnical efficiency was 70 ...

In Vitro Morphogenic Performance Of Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) As Influenced By Media Variations

ABSTRACTGinger (Zingiber officinale Rose) is a perennial herb that grows from underground rhizomes. The demand for fresh and dry ginger and its essential oil in the world market is high. Ginger is propagated vegetatively using underground rhizomes. Most farmers use planting materials saved from previous harvest. These materials could have been sold for cash. Contingent on this, many farmers are reluctant to use healthy succulentrhizomes for planting. These are rather...

Economic Efficiency And Return To Scale For Small Broiler Farms In Khartoum State, Sudan

ABSTRACT This study aimed at targeting the analysis of the current situation of broiler small scale farm producers’ in Khartoum State, and measuring the economic efficiency and return to scale. Data obtain were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The estimation of broiler farm efficiency was based on using Date Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Stochastic Frontier Production function. The data for this study were collected using structured questionnaire administe...

An Economic Appraisal Of The Rubber Processing Industry In Bendel, Ogun And Ondo States Of Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis 'study attempts to assess the economic performance of the rubber processing industry in Bendel, Ogun and Ondo States of Nigeria. The Nigerian rubber industry wh ich expeiienced a boom in the early 1950's started to face some serious set-backs during and after the civil war which broke out in 13G7. This setbacks were manifested in form of declining productivity and consequent decline in its contribution to foreign exchange earnings. The study which covers the period 7-1 asse...

Effects Of Oil Exploitation On The Efficiency Of Artisanal Fishing Households In The Niger Delta Region, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis study presents the empirical analysis of the effects of oil exploitation on theefficiency of artisanal fishing households in the Niger Delta region, Nigeria. The selectionof respondents was multi-staged and involved purposive sampling as well as randomsampling methods. A structured questionnaire and interview schedule were used to elicitinformation from a randomly selected sample of 160 artisanal households from Delta andBayelsa States, Nigeria. Descriptive statistics, stoc...

Economics Of Farm-Gate Rice Marketing In Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTRice has become a staple food, just like yam, garri and beans. As a result, themarketing of rice has become very important due to increasing demand of theproduct. The study examined the economics of farm-gate rice marketing in EnuguState, Nigeria. Five objectives and one hypothesis guided the study. The studycovered all the communities in the local government areas in the three AgriculturalZones that produce rice in the study area. The population of the study consistedof rice f...

Economics Of Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) Production In Bayelsa State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe study investigated the economics of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) production in BayelsaState, Nigeria. The broad objective of the study was to examine the economics of Catfishproduction in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: (i) describe the socioeconomiccharacteristics of catfish farming; (ii) determine the technical efficiency of catfishfarming; (iii) identify factors that influence technical efficiency of catfish farming; (iv) analyzethe costs and ret...

Analysis Of Farmers’ Adaptation To Climatic Change In Kilimanjaro Region

ABSTRACT This study aimed at assessing farmers’ adaptation mechanisms to climate change in Kilimanjaro region. Specifically, attention was devoted to examine farmers’ awareness and perception towards climate change; adaptation measures used and their influence on crop yield as well as factors which influence adoption of those strategies. The data were collected through household surveys and focused group discussions. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 175 farming h...

Marketing Efficiency Of Beef Cattle Value Chain In Longido And Monduli Districts In Tanzania

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to analyse beef cattle value chains so as to identify potential areas for intervention in order to improve livestock keepers’ access to markets in Longido and Monduli districts in Tanzania. The study was a cross sectional design. Data were collected from 191 beef cattle value chains actors using individuals and key informant interviews. The data collected were summarized using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel. Sub-sect...

Empirical Analysis Of Federal Government Expenditure Policy On Agriculture In Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe study assessed the trend, structure, composition, determinants and effectiveness of FederalGovernment agricultural expenditure policies and the implications of these policies from 1960-98.The study covered the Nigerian nation and used federal level time series data to achieve theset down objectives. The primary analytical method consisted of descriptive analysis, appropriatepictorial diagrams, line and pie charts. Stationarity, co – integration /error correction model(...

Analysis Of Production And Marketing Potential For Paprika As An Alternative Crop To Tobacco In Urambo District,Tabora Tanzania

ABSTRACT Tobacco has been the most important traditional cash crop in Urambo district since. But 1960s, the production of tobacco in the district has been declining due to world market price. Due to this price decline, farmers have now shifted to paprika production. The economic benefit of tobacco vis a vis paprika production in Urambo district has not yet been exploited. This study describes and analyses two crop production systems namely tobacco and paprika growers. Specifically, the ...

Economic Evaluation Of Existing And Potential Market Opportunities For Quality Beef In Tanzania: A Case Of Dar Es Salaam And Arusha Cities

ABSTRACT Despite potential contribution livestock marketing has in Tanzania to national economy, quality beef marketing has received less priority in national investments, research and export development. This study attempts to bridge the gap by assessing beef marketing efficiency focusing on Dar es Salaam and Arusha. The general objective of the study was to evaluate the relative efficiency of existing beef marketing system and explore potential market opportunities for quality beef in...


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