Agricultural Economics Research Papers/Topics

Income Polarisation And Poverty Among Rural Households In Nigeria

ABSTRACT Poverty in Nigeria has been on the increase with consequence for Income Polarisation (IP). The IP which is the sum effect of alienation and identification between two groups at polar ends of the income distribution could worsen poverty. Studies on income distribution and poverty have mostly focused on income inequality to the total neglect of IP. Therefore, the extent and pattern of IP and its relationship with poverty among rural households in Nigeria were investigated. Data coverin...

Flooding and Welfare of Fishers' Households in Lagos State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study examined the effect of flooding on the fishing households' welfare in Lagos State. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire to elicit information from 412 fishers selected through a multistage random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, budgetary technique and inferential statistics. Results revealed that rainfall was the dominant climatic factor that had adverse effect on the fishing communities as 81.1% of the respondent...

Vulnerability And Poverty Transitions Among Rural Households In South West Nigeria

ABSTRACT Successive governments in Nigeria have implemented poverty alleviation programmes and strategies without commensurate reduction in poverty. The near failure of these programmes and strategies has been associated with improper diagnosis of poverty as a static rather than dynamic concept. Poverty dynamics enables a better appreciation of the extent of poverty over time by distinguishing between households exiting and entering into poverty, those never poor and the persistently poor. Th...

Determination Of The Effects Of HIV/AIDs On Farm Income And Food Production On Communal Farms In Kavango Region

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of HIV/AIDS on farm income and food production in Kavango region. Representative farm models of communal farms for each of the two most common farming systems in Kavango region were developed. These are the riverline and inland farming systems, which were then used to determine the levels of farm income and food production at farm level under various HIV/AIDS scenarios in terms of changes in resource availability and gender, bas...

Raphia Palm Wine Marketing in South South Nigeria

ABSTRACT The broad objective of the study was to analyse Raphia palm wine (RPW) marketing in South-South Nigeria (SSN). The specific objectives were to: (i) analyse the productivity of resources used in RPW production; (ii) analyse the determinants of technical efficiency of tappers; ( iii) analyse the structure of the RPW market in the area; (iv) describe the marketing channels and distribution of RPW; (v) estimate the level and determinants of profit in RPW tapping and marketing (vi) estim...

Layer Production In Ghana: A Cost Function Approach

ABSTRACT This study tries to find out why the Ghanaian Poultry Industry is unable to produce enough poultry chicken to meet the local market demand which has led to the large importation of frozen chicken for the period 1988-1999. It determines how responsiveness major poultry inputs such as vaccines, feed, labor and institutional credit are to price change and the economies of scale of layer production in the poultry industry. The study therefore estimates parameters of the input variables f...

Agricultural Technology Transfer Mechanisms And Adoption Among Soybean Farmers In Chereponi District Of Northern Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT  Over the last decade, improved soybean production technologies have been tested and promoted among farmers using different technology transfer mechanisms. Whether the various agricultural technology transfer mechanisms are effective, and whether they have any effect on adoption of soybean production technologies and soybean yields remain unanswered. This study therefore focused on the effectiveness of agricultural technology transfer mechanisms (ATTMs) on adoption and soybean yield...

Socioeconomic Analyses Of Vegetable Production And Marketing In Tamale, Northern Region

ABSTRACT  Globally, vegetable production and marketing serve as a source of livelihood for both urban and rural poor and contribute tremendously to food security. This study evaluates the social and economic relationships between vegetable farmers and marketers as well as the production and marketing related problems that limit farmers and marketers from getting potential benefits across seasons in the Tamale Metropolis. Qualitative individual interviews consisting of 10 and 8 farmers and ma...

Assessing Ecosystem-Based Farm Management Practices In The Kassena-Nankana Area: A Study Of Government And Community Managed Irrigation Schemes.

ABSTRACT  The contribution of irrigation farming to food security, nutrition, employment and poverty alleviation cannot be overemphasized in the savannah zone of Ghana of which Kassena-Nankana area is part. The main objective of the study was to assess the use of ecosystem-based farm management practices (EBFMPs) in government and community managed irrigation schemes within the Kassena-Nankana area and how these EBFMPs affect farmers’ livelihood. The study used data collected from 300 irri...

Agricultural Land Deals, Farm Land Access And Livelihood Choice Decisions In Northern Ghana

ABSTRACT  The study was conducted in Kassena Nankana East Municipal and Gushiegu District where there are highest recordings of registered medium and large scale lands within the northern belt of Ghana. This study assesses how agricultural land grabs affect farm households’ access to land and also their access to other alternative land based resources and services. It then considers livelihood strategy adaptation among farm households within affected communities in Northern Ghana. A two st...

Agricultural Value Chain Participation And Its Effects On Credit Access, Loan Repayment And Farmers’ Income In Northern Ghana

ABSTRACT Despite the importance of credit in enhancing productivity and livelihoods, farmers continue to complain about lack of access to adequate credit for agricultural production. The main objective of this study was to examine the effects of agricultural value chain (AVC) participation on credit access, loan repayment and farmers’ income in Northern Ghana. Also, the interrelationships between AVC vertical linkage(AVC-VL) and AVC horizontal linkage (AVC-HL) and that of AVC participation ...

Commercializing Innovations From Agricultural Research In Northern Ghana And Farmers’ Willingness To Pay

ABSTRACT The study used contingent valuation to solicit monetary values from researchers and farmers on how much they were willing to sell and buy the following innovations from research respectively: improved seed, soil fertility management techniques, crop protection techniques, safe-use of agro-chemicals as well as farm management and record keeping. Also, a probit model was employed to identify the determinants of researchers’ willingness to sell innovations from research. Furthermore ...

Assessment Of Postharvest Losses Along The Fresh Tomato Value Chain In The Upper East Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT The study assesses the postharvest losses along the fresh tomato value chain in the Upper East Region of Ghana. Simple random sampling technique was used to select three districts from the Upper East Region and a total of 80 farmers, 30 wholesalers, and 80 retailers were interviewed using structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to estimate outcome of losses by each actor along the tomato value chain. Kendall‟s Coefficient of Concordance was employed to rank the m...

Analysis Of Livelihood Strategies Of Farm Households In Southern Benin

ABSTRACT Gaining insight into the livelihood strategies adopted by farmers is crucial for the success of interventions aiming at improving livelihood in rural areas. This study assessed the livelihood strategies adopted by farm households in southern Benin. The study was carried out in Allada and Bonou, districts located in the southern region of Benin which was purposively selected for their noticeable agrarian and economic activities. A total of 160 farm households were randomly sampled and...

Social Preferences For Wetland Attributes And Its Implications For Agricultural Households Wellbeing In Oueme Delta In Benin

ABSTRACT In Benin, Oueme Delta wetlands, as an ecological life support system, play a vital role in contributing to the local population’s livelihood, health and wellbeing. The paucity of knowledge about the value of the Oueme Delta wetlands and their attributes to society, especially to agricultural households undermines the ability of decision makers to develop and implement sustainable wetland use and management policies that maximize societal welfare. To fill that gap, this thesis has b...


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