Agricultural Economics Research Papers/Topics

EFFECT OF WEATHER RISK ON ASSETS AND LABOUR ALLOCATION DECISIONS AMONG SMALLHOLDER FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: EVIDENCE FROM BURKINA FASO

ABSTRACT Around the developing world, poverty remains an overwhelming rural issue. Rural dwellers rely heavily on agricultural activities and related assets as main source of livelihoods. They also have widely differing capacities to combine off-farm activities in their income generation process. However, diversification makes households better-off only if it implies increased investment in high return portfolios. An important concern is that high yielding investments are either high risk or ...

SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ ADAPTIVE CAPACITY AND CHOICE OF ADAPTATION STRATEGIES AGAINST WEATHER RISKS IN NORTHERN BENIN

ABSTRACT Understanding smallholder farmers’ behaviour in terms of adaptation to weather risks provides the means to design policies that will help farmers address weather risks and have an effective impact on farmers’ livelihoods. This study is undertaken with this perspective by analysing how smallholder farmers’ adaptive capacity affects their choice of adaptation strategies to weather risks. The research sought to, i) analyse farmers’ perceived vulnerability to weather risks, their...

IMPACT OF CREDIT-BASED FOOD CROP DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS (FCDP’S) ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC LIVES OF SMALL-SCALE MAIZE FARMERS: THE CASE OF EJURA-SEKYEDUMASE DISTRICT

ABSTRACT This study sought to find answers to the questions of whether the Food Crop Development Project improved farmers’ access to credit, changed farmers savings culture or whether small-scale maize farmers adopted the improved maize production practices. In addition, the study seeks to know whether or not there has been any significant difference in food security situation between participant and non-participant farmers. Descriptive-Correlation survey was conducted and using multistage ...

PREVALENCE OF VIRUS DISEASES, DISTRIBUTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF VIRUSES INFECTING CUCURBIT CROPS IN SIX AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES IN CÔTE D’IVOIRE

ABSTRACT Viral diseases are a worldwide problem of cucurbits and a major limiting factor for they production. A field survey was conducted through six agro-ecological zones of Côte d’Ivoire during the dry and rainy seasons in 2014 to assess disease prevalence and severity, identify associated viruses, and evaluate the effect of temperature and growing seasons on virus diseases. Viruses were detected on sampled leaves displaying virus-like symptoms using double antibody sandwich enzyme-link...

ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF MANGO PRODUCTION IN THE YILO KROBO MUNICIPALITY IN THE EASTERN REGION OF GHANA

ABSTRACT Mango has been the major cash crop grown by farmers in the Yilo Krobo Municipality. The productivity of this crop has been persistently low despite various private and public sector interventions. Studies have suggested that one key factor of productivity growth is efficiency in resource and technology use. This study estimated the economic efficiency of mango production to determine the scope for additional increase in mango production. A multistage sampling technique was used to ra...

IMPACT OF FADAMA- II PROJECT ON INCOME INEQUALITY AND POVERTY REDUCTION OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Efforts to reduce rural inequality and poverty in Nigeria have no appreciable impact partly due to their supply-driven approach. In recent times emphasis is shifting to demand driven approach through Community Driven Development (CDD) projects with focus on bottom-up development. Fadama-II (2004 and 2009), one of the CDD projects invested mainly in agricultural assets to increase the income of the users. However, the impact of the project on Income Inequality (IE) and poverty has no...

THE ADOPTION OF THE PAVE IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY (PIT) AND FINANCIAL VIABILITY OF SMALLHOLDER VEGETABLE FARMING IN THE NORTHERN AND UPPER EAST REGIONS, GHANA

ABSTRACT The prevalence of climatic events, such as drought and floods in northern Ghana has contributed significantly to food shortages in the area. This prompted the need for appropriate alternatives to enhance food production and improve rural livelihoods. The PAVE Irrigation Technology (PIT) is rainwater harvesting technology being promoted by Conservation Alliance (CA), International Fertilizer Development Centre (IFDC) and International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in Northern Ghan...

FISH CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR OF LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS IN URBAN AREAS OF GREATER ACCRA AND NORTHERN REGIONS OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The study set out to assess the fish consumption behavior of low-income households residing in urban areas of Greater Accra and Northern regions of Ghana. The study examined the factors influencing household preferences for fish products (fresh, processed fish or both) and also analyzed socio-economic and geographic factors affecting household income allocation decisions. The study employed the multinomial logit model to analyse the factors influencing household preferences for fish ...

ADOPTION OF OYSTER MUSHROOM PRODUCTION AMONG BENEFICIARIES OF THE PROMUSH PROJECT IN THE ADENTAN MUNICIPALITY OF GHANA

ABSTRACT Mushroom farming is being promoted by governments, national and other international development organisations to reduce rural and urban poverty, creating employment and improving food security. The main objective of this study was to assess the adoption of oyster mushroom farming among beneficiaries of the PROMUSH Project implemented by the Adentan Municipal Assembly in 2015. Specifically, the study sought to, i) determine the knowledge level of PROMUSH trainees of oyster mushroom fa...

CONTRACT FARMING AND RICE QUALITY UPGRADING: ASSESSING SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ MOTIVATION, PERFORMANCE AND CONSTRAINTS UNDER THE BUSINESS SERVICES AND FARMERS’ ORGANISATION (ESOP) IN TOGO

ABSTRACT Contract farming is emerging as a promising way to upgrade domestic rice quality in Togo. The Non-Government Organisation ‘Entreprise Territoir et Développement’ (ETD) has started promoting a kind of contract farming scheme called ’Entreprise de Service et Organisation de Producteurs’ (ESOP) in the country. The rewards from contract farming could be substantial for smallholder farmers; yet there is a serious concern about the farmers’ ability to stay in the partnership for...

SOCIO-ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF ANIMAL TRYPANOSOMOSIS CONTROL IN THE NORTHERN REGION OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The Northern Region of Ghana is important agriculturally and contributes significantly to the livestock sub-sector. Livestock production in the region is, however, bedevilled with many constraints such as animal diseases and inadequate feed and water for livestock during the dry season. Among animal diseases, trypanosomosis is identified as the most important constraint and the sustainability of the control of tsetse, which is the main vector of this disease, is the focus of this stu...

ANALYSIS OF VALUE ADDED CASSAVA-BASED PRODUCTS AND PROFITABILITY OF HIGH QUALITY CASSAVA FLOUR BAKERY PRODUCTS IN ATEBUBU

ABSTRACT The aim o f this study among others, was to analyse the value additions o f three cassavabased products namely, High Quality Cassava Flour (HQCF), gari and kokonte and to determine the profitability o f HQCF bakery products in Atebubu. A value added analysis was used to determine the profitablity o f the three cassava-based products. Three profitability measures were used to determine the profitability o f HQCF bakery products. These were, operating profit, profit per unit product an...

ASSESSMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY OF FOOD CROP PRODUCTION IN THE FADAMA OF SOUTHERN GUINEA SAVANNA OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT An assessment of the sustainability of food crop production in the fadamas of southern guinea savanna of Niger State, Nigeria was carried out within the framework of small-scale farming households utilizing fadama for the cultivation of food crops. The study identified the pattern of land use and management, estimated technical efficiency, identified determinants of technical inefficiency and determined productivity and profitability of food crop production in the fadama. It also de...

EFFECT OF INCOME DIVERSIFICATION ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: THE CASE OF RICE FARMERS IN THE NORTH TONGU DISTRICT OF GHANA

ABSTRACT This study assesses the effect of income diversification of rice farmers on household food security in the North Tongu District of the Volta Region of Ghana. By income diversification, the study implies the different combination of activities that rice farmers indulge in to earn income. Information on personal as well as household characteristics was obtained from 204 rice farmers in the North Tongu District by the use of semi-structured questionnaires. Depending on their income port...

ECONOMIC GROWTH, INCOME REDISTRIBUTION AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN RURAL NIGERIA

Abstract The Nigerian economy over the past few years grew at one of the highest rates in Africa. Yet, this growth has not led to substantial reduction in inequality and poverty, particularly in the rural sector. This was partly attributed to redistributional problem of national wealth which has not been adequately investigated. Therefore, the study assessed the contribution of growth and wealth distribution to poverty reduction in rural Nigeria from 1996 to 2004. Data from the National Cons...


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