Livestock Production System Research Papers/Topics

DAIRY HUSBANDRY PRACTICES AND MICROBIAL QUALITY OF RAW AND PASTEURIZED COW MILK IN WOLAITA SODO, TOWN, SNNPR, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate dairy husbandry practices and microbial quality of raw and pasteurized cow milk samples in Wolaita Sodo town. A total of 156 milk producers which had at least one lactating cow were randomly selected from three kebeles were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. From a subset of the surveyed respondents, a total of 70 (200/ml) milk samples and 30 packed pasteurized milk samples ( 500/ml plastic bags) pasteurized milk samples were col...

EFFECT OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON DAIRY PRODUCTION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES AMONG PASTORALISTS IN GABILEY DISTRICT, SOMALILAND

Abstract: Climate variability is causing the greatest environmental, social and economic threats to all of humanity and across borders in many nations. The purpose of this study was to analyse long term climate variability and explore effects of climate variability on dairy production and identify the existing adaptation strategies in Gabiley district, Somaliland. To achieve the objective appropriate data was collected from 119 household heads from three sample villages, which were selected ...

High risk for human exposure to Rift Valley fever virus in communities living along livestock movement routes:

Abstract: Introduction Multiple outbreaks of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) with devastating effects have occurred in East Africa. These outbreaks cause disease in both livestock and humans and affect poor households most severely. Communities living in areas practicing nomadic livestock movement may be at higher risk of infection. This study sought to i) determine the human exposure to Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in populations living within nomadic animal movement routes in Kenya; and ii) iden...

Evaluating Association Of Prophylactic Strategies With Prevalence, Management And Economic Losses From East Coast Fever Infection On Smallholder Farms In North-Rift Kenya

ABSTRACT East Coast Fever (ECF) is a tick borne disease endemic in the North Rift region of Kenya. The ECF infections lead to substantial economic loss to smallholder dairy farmers from veterinary costs incurred in using prophylactics and value loss associated with animal mortality and production decline during disease infection. Traditionally, prophylactic strategy of choice is application of acaricide in communal dips and hand spraying, but effectiveness of the strategy is a factor of good...

Quantifying Production Losses Associated With Foot And Mouth Disease Outbreaks On Large Scale Dairy Farms In Nakuru County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is a contagious viral disease to which dairy cattle are highly susceptible. An outbreak of FMD in a dairy herd can cause drop in milk yield, increase mastitis infections, force culling, and impair fertility. These production losses can be substantial, but farmers undervalue the magnitude of the loss that they incur. To fill this knowledge gap, the study quantified the association of FMD outbreak with milk yield, mastitis incidences, culling rates and fer...

Comparative Assessment Of Prevalence, Risk Factors And Economic Losses Of Lameness In Smallholder Zero- And Pasture-Grazed Dairy Cows In Kenya

ABSTRACT Lameness is a cause of worry to dairy producers for being indicative of welfare problem with resultant economic losses from reduced milk yield, veterinary cost or premature culling. Risks for lameness are both animal and herd level factors, but the magnitude varies with housing conditions of the cows. This study compared farmer estimated and observed prevalence, types of lameness, risk factors and economic losses from lameness of cows in farms practicing zero- and pasture grazing. T...