Research Papers/Topics in Plant Protection

Toxicity Of Seeds Ethanolic Extracts Of Coffee Senna And Damas Co-Administered With Sesame Oil Against African Melon Ladybird Henosepilachna Elaterii Rossi

ABSTRACT Laboratory experiments were conducted in the Department of Plant protection, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST) to evaluate the lethal effect of seed ethanolic extracts of Coffee senna Cassia occidentalis L. and Damas Concorpus lancifolius Engl. against the second larval instars of the African melon ladybird Henosepilachna elaterii Rossi. Also further experiments were conducted to investigate the efficacy of sesame oil as a syner...

A Survey Of Two Fruit Flies : Asian Fruit Fly(Bactrocera Invadens) And Peach Fruit Fly (Bactrocera Zonata) , Diptera “ Tephritidae) , And Repellent Effects Of Two Plant Extracts Against Their

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to monitor and survey the fruit fly species in Slait area north of Khartoum Bahri locality, during the period from November 2017 to March 2018 to identify the major species. Hence a Survey was carried out using, the food traps (guava juice) and sticky traps (Methyl Eugenol) for capturing prevailing species in Slait area. The results of the survey showed that there are two types of fruit flies, the peach fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata), which was the do...

Effect of Hargel, Jatropha aqueous extracts and Nitrogen fertilization on Striga and growth and yield of Sorghum

AbstractPots experiment was conducted, during the summer season 2018, at the College of Agricultural Studies (CAS), Shambat, Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST), Bahri Locality, Khartoum State. The experiment was carried out to determine the effects of the Hargel (Solenostemma argel), Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) aqueous extracts, each applied alone or in their combinations with Nitrogen 40 Ib/fed and the effect of Nitrogen applied alone on S. hermonthica incidence and grow...

Efficacy Of Some Natural Product, Sodium Bicarbonate And Fungicide (Revus Top®) On Neofusicoccum Mangiferae, Fungus

ABSTRACT Neofusicoccum mangiferae considered as one of most important disease of forest and horticulture trees in worldwide and Sudan. The present investigation was undertaken under laboratory conditions of Plant protection Department, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology, to study the antifungal activity of aqueous leaves extracts of basil, bulbs of garlic plants, NaHCO3 salt and efficacy of fungicide (Revuse top) on growth, of the fungus Naeofusi...

In Vitro Evaluation Of Two Plants (Ginger And Cinnamon) Aqueous Extracts Against The Bacteria Streptomyces Spp Of Potato Common Scab

ABSTRACT This study was conducted at the plant pathology laboratory Sudan University of Science and technology of college of agricultural studies during the period (November 2019 – April 2019). The aim of this study is to evaluate the inhibitory effect of aqueous extracts of two plants Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cinnamon (Cinnamomheum verumis) on the growth of the bacterium Streptomyces spp in vitro. Different concentration s (5%, 10% and 20%) of each of the tested plant, in a...

Allelopathic Effects Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora Swartz) Aqueous Extracts on Seeds Germination and Seedlings Growth of Alfalfa, Sesame and Sorghum

Mesquite plant [Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC] is an invasive, evergreen and multi-purpose leguminous tree or shrub, native to South America. Unfortunately, due to deliberate distribution within Sudan, the plant became a threat to agriculture and biodiversity. The observed absence of ground vegetation under its canopy suggests that it has some allopathic potential that may be caused by fallen fruits, leaves, roots exudates or plant leachates. The release of thes...

The Effect Of Bee Glue Powder And Ethanolic Extracts Of Neem And Basil Mortality Of The Asian Fruit Fly (Bactrocera Invadens, Drew, Tsuruta And White) (Diptera:Tephritidae)

Abstract Laboratory experiments were conducted at the Department of Plant protection, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST) to evaluate the lethal effect Bee glue powder and ethanolic extracts of leaves Neem Azadirachta indica L. ,Basil Ocimum basilicum. From each test four different concentrations were applied against adult stage of Asian fruit fly Bactrocera invadens Drew Tsuruta and White (Diptera:Tephritidae),as topical and as food bait ...

Detection and Identification of seed-borne- fungi of Some sorghum varieties under different storage Condition in Sudan

Sorghum is considered one of the major cereal crop and staple food as well for millions of the poorest and most food insecure people in many part of the world and in Sudan as well. The production and consumption of sorghum is constrained by several factors, the most important among which are seed-borne fungal species. In addition to causing quantitative losses, these spoilage fungi produce highly toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins. In view of the negative public h...

Antifungal Effect of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) Extracts and Fungicide ( Revus top®) against Fungus Neofusicoccum mangiferae) of ( Mango Branch Wilt Disease

ABSTRACTThe present study was conducted in the Laboratory of Plant Pathology at theCollege of Agricultural Studies.Sudan University of Science andTechnology- Shambat. To study the effect of water solvent extracts of Root,Brak and Leave of Mesquite tree ( Prosopis juliflora) and Fungicide REVUStop® on Wilt Branch disease , which is considerate one of most importantdisease that infectous Mango trees (Mangifera indica), and caausingsignificant reduction in yield.In present study the patho...

The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Mortality of the African bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner),(Lepidoptera:Noctuidae)

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted at the laboratory of Entomology, Plant ProtectionDirectorate, Kosti Station, to evaluate the effect of hexane and ethanol organicextracts of Sakran, Datura innoxia, Usher, Calotropis procera leaves andMalathion 57% EC on mortality of the African bollworm Helicoverpa armigera.Four concentrations (4%,8%,12%and 16%) of each extract were prepared andtested against the second larval instar. The results showed that all testedconcentrations gave significantly ...

Antifungal Evaluation of some plants extracts and fungicide against (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Lycopersici) causal agent wilt of Tomato.

ABSTRACFusarium wilt of tomato is considered as one of the most important diseases of the worldwide. The present investigation was undertaken under laboratory of Plant protection Department, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology, to study the effect of aqueous leaves extracts of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Mint, Sweet basil plants and fungicide Revus top on growth of the fungi Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Lycopersici causal agent of wilt in tomato. Three conce...

Antifungal Effects Of Jatropha (Jatropha Curcas) Seeds And Argel (Solenostemma Argel Del. Hayne) Leaves Aqueous Extracts On The Growth Of The Fungus (Pestalotiopsis Spp.) In Guava In Vitro.

AbstractsGuava (Psidium guajava) a vitamin C enrich fruit tree is grown abundantly throughout Sudan. In fact, it is an important fruit in many parts of the world where the climate is suitable for its production. The present investigation was undertaken under laboratory conditions of Plant Protection Department, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology to study the effect of different concentration of aqueous extracts of jatropha seeds and argel leaves concen...

Susceptibility of five pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L. Ecotypes to the nymphal instars of the Migratory locust Locusta migratoria migratorioides (Reiche and Farmaire) infestation.

ABSTRACTThe laboratory experiments were conducted at the unit of biologicalcontrol, Insectary laboratory of the Department of Crop Protection,Faculty of Agriculture University of Khartoum, Shambat, during theperiod from the beginning of May 2014 to the beginning of January2015. The experiments were carried out under semi-field conditions(cage- experiment). The objectives of the study were to studyinvestigation and evaluation the susceptibility of five ecotypes of(Pearl millet Pennisetu...

Insecticidal Effect Of Some Botanical Formulations On Mortality Of Red Flour Beetle Tribolium Castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).

AbstractLaboratory experiments were conducted at the College of Agricultural Studies,Sudan University of Science and Technology, to evaluate the insecticidal effectof korobi Nerium oleander L, Damas Conocarpus lancifolius Engl andMahogany Khaya senegalensis (Desr. A.Juss). against red flour beetle Triboliumcastaneum Herbst.Three formulations (powder, aqueous and ethanolic extract of each plant wereused under three concentrations . Three concentrations from each plant (5%,10% and 15%) wer...

Effect of Bee glue (Propolis) Powder Aqueous Extract, Potassium Nitrate and their Mixture on Seed Germination and Some Growth Parameters of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Groundnut is considered one of the major oil seed crops, widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Its multiple uses make it as an excellent cash crop for domestic market and for foreign trade as well. The low germination level and poor growth of the crop in some conditions due to plant pathogens and other causal agents is one of the factors behind low productivity. Considering the irrational use of synthetic pesticides to control various pes...


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