Research Papers/Topics in Plant Science And Crop Production

Influence of Composted Organic Waste and Urea Fertilization on Rice Yield, N-Use Efficiency and Soil Chemical Characteristics

Nutrient mining in rice-rice cropping system due to inadequate amount of chemical fertilizer applied is one of the reasons for low rice yield in Ghana. To address this challenge, a field trial was initiated to determine the best nutrient management option to improve yield of rice and soil fertility. The field experiment was conducted at the University of Ghana’s Soil and Irrigation Research Centre - Kpong during 2014 and 2015 cropping seasons to evaluate the influence of...

Effect of Irrigation Management Methods on Growth, Grain Yield and Water Productivity of Three Lowland Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties

It has been predicted that Ghana will face water shortage by the year 2025 due to increased demand of water resources from all sectors of the economy. Rice production will be negatively affected since rice consumes the highest amount of water in the agricultural sector. To develop a strategy to reduce water use for rice production while maintaining or increasing rice yield, a pot experiment was carried out in the screen house at Soil and Irrigation Research Centre - Kpong during 2016 and ...

INCREASING RICE PRODUCTIVITY THROUGH INTEGRATED NITROGEN SOURCES UNDER THREE SOIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ON A VERTISOL

Rice production in Ghana is relatively low partly due to poor nitrogen and soil management. To increase rice productivity in the country, a field experiment was carried out to assess the effect of nitrogen sources and soil management systems on grain yield, plant nitrogen uptake, nitrogen use efficiency, and chemical properties of the soil. The experiment was conducted at the Soil and Irrigation Research Centre, University of Ghana, Kpong during the 2015 and 2016 cropping ...

Yams (Dioscorea rotundata Poir and D. alata Lam.) fungi etiology in Katsina-Ala Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria

A study was carried out on the incidence, isolation and identification of fungal pathogens of the leaves of cultivated white yam, Dioscorea rotundata Poir and water yam, Dioscorea alata Lam found on four farmers’ fields between August and October 2010. Farm locations used included those in Tse-Ugba, Tor-Donga, Abaji-Kpav and Katsina-Ala in Katsina-Ala Local Government Area of Benue State of Nigeria. Diseased leaves and vine samples were randomly collected from some fields during the study. ...

Evaluation of Antagonistic Effect of Trichoderma Harzianum against Fusarium oxysporum causal Agent of White Yam (Dioscorearotundata poir) Tuber Rot

Studies were carried out on biological control using dual culture method to assess the potential of Trichoderma harzianum against Fusarium oxysporum, the causal agent of tuber dry rot disease of white yam in vitro. The rot-causing fungal organism was isolated from rotted yam tubers collected from different storage barns in Zaki-Biam, Benue State of Nigeria. The biological agent (T. harzianum) was introduced at three different times (same time with the pathogen, 2 days before the inoculation o...

Antifungal Potency of Some Plant Extracts in the Control of White Yam (Dioscorea rotundata poir) Tuber Rot

Studies were carried out on the effect of some hot aqueous plant extracts using Piper guineense, Zingiber officinale, Azadiracta indica, Carica papaya and Nicotiana tabacum using three concentrations (30, 60 and 90g/l) along with a chemical fungicide (mancozeb) at three concentrations (4, 8 and 12g/l) amended in potato dextrose agar (PDA) on in vitro control of B. theobromae, causal organism of yam tuber rot. The research was conducted at Advanced Plant Pathology Laboratory, Federal Universit...

Fungicidal Effect of Azadiracta Indica and Zingiber Officinale Extracts in the Control of Fusarium Oxysporum and Rhizoctonia Solani on Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum) Fruits

Studies were carried out on the in-vitro evaluation of plant extracts in the control of some fungal pathogens from tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L) fruits collected from Darawa, Dutsin-Ma and Makera settlements in Dutsin-Ma Local Government Area of Katsina State, Nigeria using neem (Azadirachta indica) and ginger (Zingiber officinale) extracts. Rotted tomato fruits were collected from same locations and taken to Biological science laboratory for isolation, identification and subsequently ...

Efficacy of Some Plant Extracts in In Vitro Control of Colletotrichum Species, Causal Agent of Yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) Tuber Rot

Efficacy of some plant extracts (Piper nigrum, Zingiber officinale, Azadirachta indica, Carica papya and Nicotiana tabacum) and a chemical fungicide (mancozeb) using three concentrations of hot aqueous plant extracts (30, 60 and 90 g/l) and mancozeb (4, 8 and 12 g/l) in in vitro inhibition of Colletotrichum sp. mycelia was carried out at Advanced Plant Pathology Laboratory, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. Rotted yam tubers were collected from farmers’ barns and take...

In Vitro Antagonistic Potential of Trichoderma harzianum for Biological Control of Fusarium moniliforme Isolated from Dioscorea rotundata Tubers

Studies were conducted in vitro to determine the antagonistic potential of Trichoderma harzianum for biological control of Fusarium moniliforme isolated from rotted Dioscorea rotundata tubers. The experiments were performed at Advanced Plant Pathology Laboratory, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. Fungi organisms isolated and identified from the rotted white yam tubers were Botryodiploidia theobromae, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium...

Fungal Organisms Isolated from Rotted White Yam (Dioscorea rotundata) Tubers and Antagonistic Potential of Trichoderma harzianum against Colletotrichum Species

Nine fungal organisms were isolated from rotted white yam (Dioscorea rotundata) tubers from Kadarko, Nasarawa, Nigeria between February and May, 2015. Trichoderma harzianum was used as a biological agent to evaluate its potential against Colletotrichum species isolated from rotted white yam tubers in dual culture method at Advanced Plant Pathology Laboratory, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. Percentage frequency of occurrence of the isolated fungal organisms was determined...