Research Papers/Topics in Plant Science And Crop Production

Effect of vermicompost produced from industrial wood waste on vegetables under field conditions

To promote the organic cultivation of vegetable crops the department of agriculture and government of Kerala have been supporting several large and small scale schemes in varying localities in the state. In 2014 the department financially supported The Western India plywoods Ltd under this scheme for an organic vegetable cultivation programme. As part of this scheme studies were undertaken to assess the impact of vermicompost produced from wood waste on growth enhancement ...

Deproteinized leaf juice-A novel medium for rhizogenesis in vitro

This short note is the first report on the use of Deproteinized leaf juice(DPJ) as a component of plant tissue culture medium. DPJ is the fraction of the juice extracted from crops that remains after the precipitation of Leaf Protein Concentrate(LPC). It is rich in non-protein nitrogen, total carbohydrates and some unidentified growth factors. In one of our experiments the shoot tips of cowpea and greenpea cultured on a minimal medium with DPJ, showed in vitro rooting from the cut portions in...

Softboard as a Novel Wood Fibre-Based Substrate for Hydroponic Systems - A Preliminary Study

Hydroponics or the soilless cultivation is a popular and fast growing sector of agriculture and it has many advantages over soil-based system. It offers opportunities to provide optimal conditions for plant growth and therefore higher yields can be obtained compared to open field cultivation. In the aggregate system of hydroponics, different substrates are currently being used as support to the root system of plants under soilless cultivation. Substrates can be organic such as peat, pine bark...

Preliminary Report on Multiple Harvests of Microgreens from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) Seeds

Microgreens are edible baby plants with huge potential for leafy vegetable production and many consider this plant-based functional food as the new “Superfood”. Microgreens have many advantages over sprouts and they help to improve the nutritional value of our diet, with their high content of healthy compounds. During the microgreen cultivation, seeding is usually done as a broadcast or in rows and as the seeding density is difficult to recommend, most growers prefer to seed as thickly as...

Micropropagation of Paulownia fortuneii through in vitro axillary proliferation

Primary cultures were established with nodal segments from juvenile shoots of two-year old Paulownia fortuneii trees from a clonal plantation in Andhra Pradesh.A medium containing half-strength MS salts plus BAP(1 mgL) plus sucrose (2%) produced optimum bud break in the nodal explants

Survey on Natural Occurence of Endophytes in Maize (Zea Mays) Ecosystem

The publication is about an innovative method of crop protection by encouraging natural microbial potency in mitigating the problem in one hand and in other hand lees reliance on harmful chemicals. The publication has an overview of this new technology and methods to achieve in the lab as well as in field condition.   The publication would be a piece of good backup information if any researcher of plant protection is aiming to work in this direction. 

Evaluation of Cassava Growth and Yield as Influence by Varieties, Age and Portion

ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of Federal University of Technology Akure, to determine influence of variety, stem age and portion on growth and stem yield of cassava. The experiment was a 3 by 2 by 3 factorial in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Stems of three different ages (12 months, 9 months and 6 months) of two portions (hard wood and semi-hard wood) from the three varieties (TMEB419, TMEB693 and I011371) were used....

Influence of Composted Organic Waste and Urea Fertilization on Rice Yield, N-Use Efficiency and Soil Chemical Characteristics

Nutrient mining in rice-rice cropping system due to inadequate amount of chemical fertilizer applied is one of the reasons for low rice yield in Ghana. To address this challenge, a field trial was initiated to determine the best nutrient management option to improve yield of rice and soil fertility. The field experiment was conducted at the University of Ghana’s Soil and Irrigation Research Centre - Kpong during 2014 and 2015 cropping seasons to evaluate the influence of...

Effect of Irrigation Management Methods on Growth, Grain Yield and Water Productivity of Three Lowland Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties

It has been predicted that Ghana will face water shortage by the year 2025 due to increased demand of water resources from all sectors of the economy. Rice production will be negatively affected since rice consumes the highest amount of water in the agricultural sector. To develop a strategy to reduce water use for rice production while maintaining or increasing rice yield, a pot experiment was carried out in the screen house at Soil and Irrigation Research Centre - Kpong during 2016 and ...

INCREASING RICE PRODUCTIVITY THROUGH INTEGRATED NITROGEN SOURCES UNDER THREE SOIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ON A VERTISOL

Rice production in Ghana is relatively low partly due to poor nitrogen and soil management. To increase rice productivity in the country, a field experiment was carried out to assess the effect of nitrogen sources and soil management systems on grain yield, plant nitrogen uptake, nitrogen use efficiency, and chemical properties of the soil. The experiment was conducted at the Soil and Irrigation Research Centre, University of Ghana, Kpong during the 2015 and 2016 cropping ...

Yams (Dioscorea rotundata Poir and D. alata Lam.) fungi etiology in Katsina-Ala Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria

A study was carried out on the incidence, isolation and identification of fungal pathogens of the leaves of cultivated white yam, Dioscorea rotundata Poir and water yam, Dioscorea alata Lam found on four farmers’ fields between August and October 2010. Farm locations used included those in Tse-Ugba, Tor-Donga, Abaji-Kpav and Katsina-Ala in Katsina-Ala Local Government Area of Benue State of Nigeria. Diseased leaves and vine samples were randomly collected from some fields during the study. ...

Evaluation of Antagonistic Effect of Trichoderma Harzianum against Fusarium oxysporum causal Agent of White Yam (Dioscorearotundata poir) Tuber Rot

Studies were carried out on biological control using dual culture method to assess the potential of Trichoderma harzianum against Fusarium oxysporum, the causal agent of tuber dry rot disease of white yam in vitro. The rot-causing fungal organism was isolated from rotted yam tubers collected from different storage barns in Zaki-Biam, Benue State of Nigeria. The biological agent (T. harzianum) was introduced at three different times (same time with the pathogen, 2 days before the inoculation o...

Antifungal Potency of Some Plant Extracts in the Control of White Yam (Dioscorea rotundata poir) Tuber Rot

Studies were carried out on the effect of some hot aqueous plant extracts using Piper guineense, Zingiber officinale, Azadiracta indica, Carica papaya and Nicotiana tabacum using three concentrations (30, 60 and 90g/l) along with a chemical fungicide (mancozeb) at three concentrations (4, 8 and 12g/l) amended in potato dextrose agar (PDA) on in vitro control of B. theobromae, causal organism of yam tuber rot. The research was conducted at Advanced Plant Pathology Laboratory, Federal Universit...

Fungicidal Effect of Azadiracta Indica and Zingiber Officinale Extracts in the Control of Fusarium Oxysporum and Rhizoctonia Solani on Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum) Fruits

Studies were carried out on the in-vitro evaluation of plant extracts in the control of some fungal pathogens from tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L) fruits collected from Darawa, Dutsin-Ma and Makera settlements in Dutsin-Ma Local Government Area of Katsina State, Nigeria using neem (Azadirachta indica) and ginger (Zingiber officinale) extracts. Rotted tomato fruits were collected from same locations and taken to Biological science laboratory for isolation, identification and subsequently ...

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