Research Papers/Topics in Philosophy

The Concept of Reincarnation in African Thought System

AbstractThis work is an attempt to critically evaluate the concept of Reincarnation in African thought system. It does so, largely focusing on the cultural perspective of the Akan and Yoruba tradition respectively. Reincarnation is  conventionally defined as the belief that a person who is physically dead can again be born to live here on earth. In this work, an attempt has been made to show reincarnation was understood in the religious philosophies of ancient Egyptians, Greeks and India...

African Theory Of Forces And The Extended Family Relations: A Deconstruction

Abstract African ontology, for the most part, has been premised on an ancient theory of forces hierarchicized in an inseparable continuum. The basic assumption that forces interact, intermingle and interpenetrate one another informed the extended family relations which stresses the brotherhood of man and the communion of souls from which architects of African societies in the post-colonial era constructed primitive socialism(s) and primitive capitalism( s). The purist school of thought...

African Humanism And The Challenge Of Postmodernism

There has been a dominant and persistent basic issue in African Philosophy, which has become disputations for over fifty decades now. This issue is raised in the question; in what sense can a philosophy, thought or idea be described as African? In an attempt to answer this question scholars have presented a specific brand of philosophy that had a fall back on humanism - African humanism.

Africa Vs The West In The Court Of Reparations

INTRODUCTIONThe return of the National Theatre-Sponsored television epic, (1) 'Roots' on the, Nigerian Television screen, in 1992 was anything but a coincidence. The timing oft the return clearly shows how far television can be used to whip up national sentiments in support of the crusade for reparations for the 'injustices' done Africa and Africans during the over four hundred years of slavery and slave trade. , , No doubt, 'Roots' is a moving recapture of those terrible days. No one i...

The Positivist Theory of Right and Law and Its Moral Implications in the Contemporary World

ABSTRACT:Starting from the assumption of the inadequate comprehension of the foundation and the ultimate purpose of law as Kant and Cicero observed in jurists, this paper looks at the positivist interpretation of law, critically analysing the tenets of legal positivism and how this approach to law upholds amoral laws. Dissociating morality from law has the tendency to derail society of ethical and moral values, plunging it on the slippery slope of the perversion of justice, something that und...

Human Nature - Good Or Evil - An evaluation of the debate in early Chinese philosophy

This essay sets out to explain the differences between the philosophies of Mencius and Hsün Tzu with regard to their consideration of good and evil in association with human nature. The essay provides an historical background for the development of Confucian philosophy from which Mencius and Hsün Tzu would draw inspiration, outlining the presence of the Hundred Schools of Thought era and the impact of the Warring States period. Aspects of both Mencius’ and Hsün Tzu’s thought are consid...

The significance of the work of Jacques Derrida for religious belief

This is essay discusses the impact that the Post-Modernist philosophy of Deconstruction, as proposed by Jacques Derrida, has upon all established ideas, highlighting the internal polarities that are required for a concept to exist

The Tao of Good and Evil

This essay investigates the nature of Good and Evil as forces within our personal experience rather than external protagonists. The concepts of Good and Evil are considered within a Western context, with reference to Eastern concepts, as polar functions which provide psychological tools to accommodate the nature of life experiences. Sources are taken from Ouspensky and Liebniz with the Dhammapada as a primary text.

The Expression of Tao and The Peace of Wu-Wei - two key concepts in Taoism

The aim of this essay is to show, firstly, how Tao is expressed as a positive exposition of actuality and secondly, the peace that the non-attachment of the Taoist concept wu-wei can bring. It seeks to show that Tao is a way of life and not a principle to aspire toward. In Chinese culture, Tao is antithetical to Confucianism; its emphasis upon spontaneity and individuality a stark contrast to the social obligation and moral duty stressed by Confucian thinking. Every aspect of existence has it...

Mutation of Historical Character and Object

INTRODUCTIONChange in our imagination is always difficult, especially when we are no longer young.1 The same change was demanded by Copernicus, who met the view which posits that the world was stationary. Until now his view are still been debated among historians, philosophers and a host of scholars. This view of change from the above analysis shows that the concept of statics is older. It equally holds that if observed, observer would notice that it is characterized by difficulties. This dif...

The Concept of Happiness

INTRODUCTION  Aristotle in the commencement of his Metaphysics wrote that “All men by nature desire to know, this existential passion or desire is quite innate and intrinsic in man. As a result of this urge to know, man involved himself in a curious and inquisitive search into reasons of his existence, perhaps Socrates also realised this fact and maintained that “an unexamined life is not worth living”.  In other words, the life of man on earth must have a purpose and in order...

Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude and the Problems of Governance

This long essay addresses the problems of Governance in human society. The essay uses the Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude as the panacea in solving the identified problems of Governance in actual human society such as lack of effective governmental policy, corruption, tribalism, religion sentiment and a host of others. The essay argues that mental development should be the basis of human development in society. 

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF ARISTOTLE AND PLATO.

This paper deal with a comparative study of two scholars Aristotle and Plato.

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance Abstract: This paper examines the concept of substance in terms of the traditional view of it as something that exists to support the properties of things or objects generally. Critiques of this view by Berkeley and Hume, as well as their theoretical foundations of empiricism and idealism, will be analysed. In addition to determining what can be concluded from these critiques of the idea of substance, it will be discussed whether Be...

Universal Basic Income Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa

Universal Basic Income & Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa Abstract: This paper examines the idea of a system of Universal Basic Income (UBI), along with inheritance tax, as a response to the problem of distributive injustice in contemporary South Africa. The focus will be on the works of Lafaye, who advocates for a reform of inheritance tax, and Van Parijs, who synthesizes the central case for basic income as a strategy a...


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