Research Papers/Topics in Philosophy

Human Nature - Good Or Evil - An evaluation of the debate in early Chinese philosophy

This essay sets out to explain the differences between the philosophies of Mencius and Hsün Tzu with regard to their consideration of good and evil in association with human nature. The essay provides an historical background for the development of Confucian philosophy from which Mencius and Hsün Tzu would draw inspiration, outlining the presence of the Hundred Schools of Thought era and the impact of the Warring States period. Aspects of both Mencius’ and Hsün Tzu’s thought are consid...

The significance of the work of Jacques Derrida for religious belief

This is essay discusses the impact that the Post-Modernist philosophy of Deconstruction, as proposed by Jacques Derrida, has upon all established ideas, highlighting the internal polarities that are required for a concept to exist

The Tao of Good and Evil

This essay investigates the nature of Good and Evil as forces within our personal experience rather than external protagonists. The concepts of Good and Evil are considered within a Western context, with reference to Eastern concepts, as polar functions which provide psychological tools to accommodate the nature of life experiences. Sources are taken from Ouspensky and Liebniz with the Dhammapada as a primary text.

The Expression of Tao and The Peace of Wu-Wei - two key concepts in Taoism

The aim of this essay is to show, firstly, how Tao is expressed as a positive exposition of actuality and secondly, the peace that the non-attachment of the Taoist concept wu-wei can bring. It seeks to show that Tao is a way of life and not a principle to aspire toward. In Chinese culture, Tao is antithetical to Confucianism; its emphasis upon spontaneity and individuality a stark contrast to the social obligation and moral duty stressed by Confucian thinking. Every aspect of existence has it...

Mutation of Historical Character and Object

INTRODUCTIONChange in our imagination is always difficult, especially when we are no longer young.1 The same change was demanded by Copernicus, who met the view which posits that the world was stationary. Until now his view are still been debated among historians, philosophers and a host of scholars. This view of change from the above analysis shows that the concept of statics is older. It equally holds that if observed, observer would notice that it is characterized by difficulties. This dif...

The Concept of Happiness

INTRODUCTION  Aristotle in the commencement of his Metaphysics wrote that “All men by nature desire to know, this existential passion or desire is quite innate and intrinsic in man. As a result of this urge to know, man involved himself in a curious and inquisitive search into reasons of his existence, perhaps Socrates also realised this fact and maintained that “an unexamined life is not worth living”.  In other words, the life of man on earth must have a purpose and in order...

Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude and the Problems of Governance

This long essay addresses the problems of Governance in human society. The essay uses the Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude as the panacea in solving the identified problems of Governance in actual human society such as lack of effective governmental policy, corruption, tribalism, religion sentiment and a host of others. The essay argues that mental development should be the basis of human development in society. 


This paper deal with a comparative study of two scholars Aristotle and Plato.

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance Abstract: This paper examines the concept of substance in terms of the traditional view of it as something that exists to support the properties of things or objects generally. Critiques of this view by Berkeley and Hume, as well as their theoretical foundations of empiricism and idealism, will be analysed. In addition to determining what can be concluded from these critiques of the idea of substance, it will be discussed whether Be...

Universal Basic Income Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa

Universal Basic Income & Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa Abstract: This paper examines the idea of a system of Universal Basic Income (UBI), along with inheritance tax, as a response to the problem of distributive injustice in contemporary South Africa. The focus will be on the works of Lafaye, who advocates for a reform of inheritance tax, and Van Parijs, who synthesizes the central case for basic income as a strategy a...

Aristotle's Conception of community

A Short Essay on Aristotle's Conception of Community. 


This essay aims at examining and attempting to proffer answer to the question: Do we think in language? To achieve our aim, we shall clarify some important terms, and then proceed to discuss language and the way we think; after which we shall evaluate and conclude our work.Get reading now, you won't regret you do.


In my attempt to answer the question, ’Is Marxism still an effective social theory?’ I have discuss Marxist idea of social structure, the social class including class struggle and its forms. I also discuss the abolition of classes and the socialist society...Marxism coveys the genuine nature of suffering even today. Thus, one can say that Marxist perspective in sociology is still an effective method for examining societies.This is a must read for all.Download complete work now.


Education is a tool for personal and societal development and its impacts are felt in all sectors of any society. The gains of education for the individual, is that it inculcates the right knowledge and skills on the individual which give him/her the leverage to seek for high paying jobs that will add value to his/her socioeconomic status. Also, it makes the individual to be a productive citizen. This makes education to be a mechanism for empowerment in order to break the burden of pov...

Same Sex Marriage

Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage) is a legally or socially recognized marriage between two persons of the same biological sex or social gender. Same-sex marriage however is not legally recognized in some States. As a result, partners in homosexual relationships often lack privileges, such as the right to inherit property and to medical, tax, and retirement benefits, that partners in traditional marriages enjoy. Same-sex marriage is a civil, political, social, moral, and religious i...

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