Research Papers/Topics in Philosophy

The Concept of Reincarnation in African Thought System

AbstractThis work is an attempt to critically evaluate the concept of Reincarnation in African thought system. It does so, largely focusing on the cultural perspective of the Akan and Yoruba tradition respectively. Reincarnation is  conventionally defined as the belief that a person who is physically dead can again be born to live here on earth. In this work, an attempt has been made to show reincarnation was understood in the religious philosophies of ancient Egyptians, Greeks and India...

Regeneration And Transformation Of Selected Kenyan Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Genotypes With Isopentenyl Transferase (Ipt) Gene Towards Drought Tolerance

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important crop in terms of income and nutrition. The seeds are nutritional source of vitamin E, niacin, falacin, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iron, ribloflavin, thiamine and potassium. It helps in reducing the risk in developing type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Despite its importance, groundnut yield is limited by environmental factors such as drought. The prediction of climate change indicate that drought will occur more often...

Influence Of Instructional Strategies And Learning Environment On Academic Achievement Of Students With Hearing Impairments In Selected Public Universities In Kenya

ABSTRACT The purpose of this research study was to investigate and analyse the influence of instructional strategies and learning environment used by lecturers on academic achievement of students with hearing impairments in selected public universities. The objectives of the study were: establish support services in the learning environment for students with hearing impairment, identify the teaching methods used by lecturers to teach students with hearing impairments, identify the r...

Policy And Provision Of Learning Supports And Accommodations For Students With Disabilities In Kenyan Public Universities

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine policy and provision of learning supports and accommodations for students with disabilities (SWDs) in Kenyan Public Universities. An exploratory descriptive survey design was used. Questionnaires, interview schedules, focus group discussion guides, observation checklists and desk research were used as data collection instruments in the study. Criterion sampling was used to select three institutions out of 7 Public Universities as sample ...

Management Of The Change Occasioned By Free Primary Education In Kakamega And Kajiado Districts, Kenya

ABSTRACT The purposes of this study was to conduct an in-depth investigation into how primary schools are managing change with regard to Free Primary Education(FPE) in Kenya and from this, develop a framework for effective change management of FPE. The study was conducted in Kakamega and Kajiado districts. From the 59 schools sampled, 59 headteachers and 177 teachers were included in the study. Fourteen Area Education Officers (AEOs), 118 parents, 118 School Management Committee (SMC) m...

Comparison Of The Optical Potential Method And The Distorted Wave Born Approximation Method In Electron – Atom Elastic Scattering

ABSTRACT The optical potential (OP) method has been widely used in electron-atom elastic scattering since for a given distorting potential, a solution valid to all orders of perturbation series can be obtained. The first-order distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA) is only valid to first order. However by use of a distorting potential that accurately models the electron-atom interaction, the DWBA method can yield quite reliable results for elastic scattering and possibly for inela...

Gender Relations And Food Crop Production: A Case Of Kiambu District Kenya, 1920-1985

ABSTRACT This study examined gender relations and on food crop production in Kiambu District between 1920 and 1985. The socioeconomic relations between females and males that are characterized often by differential assignments to labour tasks, control over decision-making and differential access to and control over resources has changed over time. These relations of production have been influenced by the socio-political and economic transformation that has taken place over the period of...

Essays On Farm Technology Adoption, Technical Efficiency And Productivity In Smallholder Food Crop Agriculture In Kenya

ABSTRACT With the rapidly increasing population and the associated decline in landholding sizes, the government of Kenya has realized that agricultural extensification is no longer possible for most parts of the country. Consequently, development and promotion of land-augmenting technologies such as inorganic fertilizers and improved seeds have been pursued as the most viable alternatives towards increasing agricultural productivity. However, adoption of farm technologies in the co...

The Dramatic And Theatrical Aesthetics Of Izara Traditional Initiation Festival Of Amo People Of North Central Nigeria

ABSTRACT African traditional theatre is caught up within the vortex of Western inferiorization, the need for documentation, and a conflict of opinions between African dramatic scholars (the evolutionists and the relativists). The indigenous festival traditions in Africa have been described by Finnegan (1970) as ‘quasi-dramatic’ and they lack the dramatic structure of the West. This view by evolutionists is against that of the relativists who claim that traditional festivals in Afric...

The Impact Of Government Expenditure On Economic Growth In Kenya: 1963-2008

ABSTRACTThe rapid growth in government expenditure in Kenya has caused concern among policy makers on the implication of such growth. Over the three decades, government expenditure in the country grew at a faster rate than the growth rate of GDP. Given this fiscal scenario, an explanation of this requires studying the impact of government expenditure on economic growth. The specific objectives of the study were to: investigate the relationship between the components of government expenditure ...

A Situational Analysis Of Language Of Instruction In Lower Primary School In Nyeri County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to establish the language(s) used for instruction in lower primary school and also find out to what extent various factors related to school, teachers and parents influence the language choices for instruction in the respective classes and schools. This is because in spite of the language policy in Kenya stipulating that, learners in lower primary school be instructed in the language of the catchment area, studies in pre-primary school show that some scho...

The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction And Job Performance Among University Academic Staff In Tanzania

ABSTRACTJob satisfaction and job performance have aroused interest in scholarly debates due to their importance and impact on organizational productivity. The purpose of this study was to examine academic staff’s job satisfaction and assess the extent to which this influences their performance. The main objectives of the study were: (a) to examine the relationship between recognition job satisfaction and job performance of academic staff in universities in Tanzania (b) to assess the relatio...

The Place Of Criticality And Creativity In Staff Training And Development

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to examine the place of criticality and creativity in Staff Training and Development within the context of a rapidly changing work environment. The study was conceived within the framework of Douglass McGregor‟s Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X represents a conservative thought and work orientation in which persons think and work routinely, and mechanically. In this orientation, employees are alienated, dependent, unimaginative, and resistant to change. ...

Fingerprinting And Relating Juvenile Characters Of Rice To Yield And Yield Components In Kiambu And Kirinyaga Counties

ABSTRACT Rice is increasing as an important food and cash crop in Kenya and is third to maize and wheat in terms of consumption. Consumption has continually outstripped production resulting in massive importation. The main problem affecting productivity involves lack of proper information on best storage time, use of poor quality seed, varietal admixtures which has contributed to low yields. There is need to characterize genotypes. Microsatellit are useful in various plant genetic studi...

Principals’ Instructional Supervision And Its Influence On Pedagogical Practices Of Teachers In Public Junior Secondary Schools In Bauchi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of principal's instructional supervision on pedagogical practices of public secondary school teachers in Bauchi state, Nigeria. Specifically, the study aimed to assess the impact of principals' supervision of teachers' records on teachers' pedagogical practices. Additionally, to establish how principals' monitoring of students' progress affect teachers' pedagogical practices. And examine the extent of influence of principa...


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