Research Papers/Topics in Philosophy

Human Nature - Good Or Evil - An evaluation of the debate in early Chinese philosophy

This essay sets out to explain the differences between the philosophies of Mencius and Hsün Tzu with regard to their consideration of good and evil in association with human nature. The essay provides an historical background for the development of Confucian philosophy from which Mencius and Hsün Tzu would draw inspiration, outlining the presence of the Hundred Schools of Thought era and the impact of the Warring States period. Aspects of both Mencius’ and Hsün Tzu’s thought are consid...

The significance of the work of Jacques Derrida for religious belief

This is essay discusses the impact that the Post-Modernist philosophy of Deconstruction, as proposed by Jacques Derrida, has upon all established ideas, highlighting the internal polarities that are required for a concept to exist

The Tao of Good and Evil

This essay investigates the nature of Good and Evil as forces within our personal experience rather than external protagonists. The concepts of Good and Evil are considered within a Western context, with reference to Eastern concepts, as polar functions which provide psychological tools to accommodate the nature of life experiences. Sources are taken from Ouspensky and Liebniz with the Dhammapada as a primary text.

The Expression of Tao and The Peace of Wu-Wei - two key concepts in Taoism

The aim of this essay is to show, firstly, how Tao is expressed as a positive exposition of actuality and secondly, the peace that the non-attachment of the Taoist concept wu-wei can bring. It seeks to show that Tao is a way of life and not a principle to aspire toward. In Chinese culture, Tao is antithetical to Confucianism; its emphasis upon spontaneity and individuality a stark contrast to the social obligation and moral duty stressed by Confucian thinking. Every aspect of existence has it...

The Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Locus of Control Among Well Functioning Adolescents

ABSTRACTThis study investigated the relationship between self-esteem and locus of control among well-functioning Adolescents. A total of 100 Adolescents (55 males and 45 females) selected from senior secondary school were used. The participants were within the age range of 15-19 years with a mean age of 17 years. Three set of instrument comprising self-esteem test (Adenyo & Oyefoso 1985) Locus of control test (Criag, Franklin & Andrew 1984) and Kohn, Brien-wood, pukening & Decicco (2003) were...

Mutation of Historical Character and Object

INTRODUCTIONChange in our imagination is always difficult, especially when we are no longer young.1 The same change was demanded by Copernicus, who met the view which posits that the world was stationary. Until now his view are still been debated among historians, philosophers and a host of scholars. This view of change from the above analysis shows that the concept of statics is older. It equally holds that if observed, observer would notice that it is characterized by difficulties. This dif...

Sexism Between the Male and the Female Gender: An Exposition of Who the Oppressor Is

Abstract             Sexism is a central issue that engages the attention of many living within the shore of Nigeria and beyond. There is apparently intractable disagreement about which individuals, practices and institutions are sexist. The question of who is oppressing who or who is really the oppressor cannot be overemphasized.            This paper attempts to critique the allege subjugation of women by men. The feminists assume that the subjugation of women and the suffering...

The Concept of Happiness

INTRODUCTION  Aristotle in the commencement of his Metaphysics wrote that “All men by nature desire to know, this existential passion or desire is quite innate and intrinsic in man. As a result of this urge to know, man involved himself in a curious and inquisitive search into reasons of his existence, perhaps Socrates also realised this fact and maintained that “an unexamined life is not worth living”.  In other words, the life of man on earth must have a purpose and in order...

Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude and the Problems of Governance

This long essay addresses the problems of Governance in human society. The essay uses the Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude as the panacea in solving the identified problems of Governance in actual human society such as lack of effective governmental policy, corruption, tribalism, religion sentiment and a host of others. The essay argues that mental development should be the basis of human development in society. 

2014 Nigerian national conference

This work contains Nigerian 2014 national conference report

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF ARISTOTLE AND PLATO.

This paper deal with a comparative study of two scholars Aristotle and Plato.

Logical Atomism: A Contemporary Philosophical Trend.

This research work “Logical Atomism: A Contemporary Philosophical Trend” will present an analysis of philosophical trend of logical atomism down to logical positivism. This research work will therefore examine what the movement entails and depicts, challenges, flaws, achievement, the gap in knowledge and critique levelled against them. Hence logical atomism and logical positivism will be critically analyzed to see whether it accomplished the aim set out to achieve and how it affect our co...

A Philosophical Exposition of the Concept of Reincarnation in Yoruba Metaphysics

Death is a factual reality that every human being must encounter. However one fundamental question runs through the minds of men, “what happens after death?” when we die is that the end of our existence or is there a continuous existence in another form? There have been various stories about events that seem to suggest that even after death though the body decays, the soul of the person leaves on. This immortality of the soul is either explained as in the case of most Africans, thro...

A Critical Exposition of the Doctrine of Natural Goodness of Humans as the Foundation of Rousseau' Politics

The idea that humans are naturally good is an underlying conviction and a compass directing Rousseaus philosophical rumination. Specifically, his position is that men are not naturally egoistic as Hobbes would have us believe but have an inherent quality which disposes them to seek the well-being of others. For him, everything was good as it left the hand of the creator; everything degenerated in the hands of humans. There seems to be an obvious contradiction, how is it that everything which ...

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance Abstract: This paper examines the concept of substance in terms of the traditional view of it as something that exists to support the properties of things or objects generally. Critiques of this view by Berkeley and Hume, as well as their theoretical foundations of empiricism and idealism, will be analysed. In addition to determining what can be concluded from these critiques of the idea of substance, it will be discussed whether Be...

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