Research Papers/Topics in Philosophy

A Philosophical Exposition of the Concept of Reincarnation in Yoruba Metaphysics

Death is a factual reality that every human being must encounter. However one fundamental question runs through the minds of men, “what happens after death?” when we die is that the end of our existence or is there a continuous existence in another form? There have been various stories about events that seem to suggest that even after death though the body decays, the soul of the person leaves on. This immortality of the soul is either explained as in the case of most Africans, thro...

A Critical Exposition of the Doctrine of Natural Goodness of Humans as the Foundation of Rousseau' Politics

The idea that humans are naturally good is an underlying conviction and a compass directing Rousseaus philosophical rumination. Specifically, his position is that men are not naturally egoistic as Hobbes would have us believe but have an inherent quality which disposes them to seek the well-being of others. For him, everything was good as it left the hand of the creator; everything degenerated in the hands of humans. There seems to be an obvious contradiction, how is it that everything which ...

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance Abstract: This paper examines the concept of substance in terms of the traditional view of it as something that exists to support the properties of things or objects generally. Critiques of this view by Berkeley and Hume, as well as their theoretical foundations of empiricism and idealism, will be analysed. In addition to determining what can be concluded from these critiques of the idea of substance, it will be discussed whether Be...

Universal Basic Income Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa

Universal Basic Income & Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa Abstract: This paper examines the idea of a system of Universal Basic Income (UBI), along with inheritance tax, as a response to the problem of distributive injustice in contemporary South Africa. The focus will be on the works of Lafaye, who advocates for a reform of inheritance tax, and Van Parijs, who synthesizes the central case for basic income as a strategy a...

NIETZSCHE’S CONCEPTION OF MAN AND ITS RELEVANCE TO THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD

ABSTRACT This  essay  is  a  critique  of  Nietzsche’s  conception  of  man.  Much  of  Nietzsche’s philosophical work has to do  with the creation of self or to  put it in  Nietzsche’s terms, “becoming what one is”. Nietzsche’s philosophy contemplates the meaning of values and their significance to human existence. Given that no absolute values exist, in Nietzsche’s view, the evolution of values on ...

CAN THE DEAD STILL LIVE: A PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE OF THE CONCEPT OF REINCARNATION AMONG THE YORÙBÁ OF SOUTH-WEST,NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe belief in reincarnation is, of course, a central theme of many Eastern religions. Belief in rebirth has been reported amongst people scattered the length and breadth of the African continent. Their beliefs ranges from ‘partial’ reincarnation of an ancestor in one or several individuals strictly within the same family, to that of an endless cycle of rebirths linked to a notion of cleansing and refinement of the inner nature. There have been divergent views in response to the qu...

Aristotle's Conception of community

A Short Essay on Aristotle's Conception of Community. 

THE CONCEPT OF SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD IN CHRISTINE OVERALLS PHILOSOPHY, AN ETHICAL EVALUATION

A surrogate, which is synonymous with words such as “deputize,” “foster,” and “substitute,” is not a strange word for many persons, even in Africa. It explains the condition that births a person or animal acting as a substitute for the social or personal role of another, such as a surrogate mother. However, commendable as this sounds, the problem of surrogacy in today’s world reached apogee as a result of the misconstrued preconception of familyhood. This growing misinterpretati...

Suicide in Camus

All you need to know about suicide in Camus 

ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN NIGERIA; A RESTORATION APPROACH IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF ROBERT FRODEMAN

Humankind’s quest for the control of nature has led to the waging of unwinnable wars over natural forces and manifestations. Nigeria is challenged by some environmental problems just like other parts of the world and the consequences are alarming as damages done to the environment have become evidently noticeable. Nigeria has a total land area of 983,213 square kilometers occupied by about 120 Million people and the interaction of these millions of people with the environment has left an in...

The philosophical outlook into the patient autonomous decison and the doctor's beneficient duty

This research focuses on the philosophical outlook of the patient autonomous decision and the physician’s beneficent duty. The reconciliation or balancing of both principles of autonomy and beneficence has been a bone of contention among scholars. Although some scholars have balanced both principles it has still been debated. In analyzing these principles the interpretative and critical analysis were employed. Using these methods , it points out that the principle of autonomy has been favor...

PROLIFERATION OF CHURCHES IN NIGERIA AND THE RISE IN MORAL DECADENCE IN OUR SOCIETY. A STUDY OF AMAC, ABUJA.

PROLIFERATION OF CHURCHES IN NIGERIA AND THE RISE IN MORALDECADENCE IN OUR SOCIETY. A STUDY OF AMAC, ABUJA.CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDYThe issue of moral decadence in our society is a thing that needs to be looked into, manythings have gone wrong since most people do not think it upright in action at some circumstance.The continuing degeneration of personal virtue among the societies seems to be emerging as analarming trend in recent time. Until recent years, churches h...

CONSENT IN ROUSSEAU paper

Centered on consent and its implication to the Nigerian society

Investigation of the Concept of the Superman in Nietzsche’s Moral Philosophy

According to Nitecheze the Superman is an authentic person which evolves into a sup erman by using the principle of discipline and mastery of oneself.man's authenticity does not come from mere wishes nor lying around but requires aggressive decision, persistence and perseverance,courage and strength to endure many forms of sufferings and to overcome alienation brought about his  environment otherwise man will be a slave of his own desired and alien to his own powers,talents and capacityOBJEC...

THE PROBLEM OF SORTING IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Ironically, moral decadence has become the order of the day in higher institutions in Nigeria. Among this decadence is ‘sorting’ whose mother is corruption. It has become a worrisome concept in the Nigeria educational system. Sorting is one of the corrupt practices that seem to be threatening the standard of education in Nigerian higher education.. Aside sorting, corrupt practices and some immoral acts in the Nigerian higher educational system include: admission racketeering, exami...


1 - 15 Of 33 Results