Research Papers/Topics in Philosophy

Mutation of Historical Character and Object

INTRODUCTIONChange in our imagination is always difficult, especially when we are no longer young.1 The same change was demanded by Copernicus, who met the view which posits that the world was stationary. Until now his view are still been debated among historians, philosophers and a host of scholars. This view of change from the above analysis shows that the concept of statics is older. It equally holds that if observed, observer would notice that it is characterized by difficulties. This dif...

Sexism Between the Male and the Female Gender: An Exposition of Who the Oppressor Is

Abstract             Sexism is a central issue that engages the attention of many living within the shore of Nigeria and beyond. There is apparently intractable disagreement about which individuals, practices and institutions are sexist. The question of who is oppressing who or who is really the oppressor cannot be overemphasized.            This paper attempts to critique the allege subjugation of women by men. The feminists assume that the subjugation of women and the suffering...

The Concept of Happiness

INTRODUCTION  Aristotle in the commencement of his Metaphysics wrote that “All men by nature desire to know, this existential passion or desire is quite innate and intrinsic in man. As a result of this urge to know, man involved himself in a curious and inquisitive search into reasons of his existence, perhaps Socrates also realised this fact and maintained that “an unexamined life is not worth living”.  In other words, the life of man on earth must have a purpose and in order...

Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude and the Problems of Governance

This long essay addresses the problems of Governance in human society. The essay uses the Awolowo's Regime of Mental Magnitude as the panacea in solving the identified problems of Governance in actual human society such as lack of effective governmental policy, corruption, tribalism, religion sentiment and a host of others. The essay argues that mental development should be the basis of human development in society. 

2014 Nigerian national conference

This work contains Nigerian 2014 national conference report

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF ARISTOTLE AND PLATO.

This paper deal with a comparative study of two scholars Aristotle and Plato.

Logical Atomism: A Contemporary Philosophical Trend.

This research work “Logical Atomism: A Contemporary Philosophical Trend” will present an analysis of philosophical trend of logical atomism down to logical positivism. This research work will therefore examine what the movement entails and depicts, challenges, flaws, achievement, the gap in knowledge and critique levelled against them. Hence logical atomism and logical positivism will be critically analyzed to see whether it accomplished the aim set out to achieve and how it affect our co...

A Philosophical Exposition of the Concept of Reincarnation in Yoruba Metaphysics

Death is a factual reality that every human being must encounter. However one fundamental question runs through the minds of men, “what happens after death?” when we die is that the end of our existence or is there a continuous existence in another form? There have been various stories about events that seem to suggest that even after death though the body decays, the soul of the person leaves on. This immortality of the soul is either explained as in the case of most Africans, thro...

A Critical Exposition of the Doctrine of Natural Goodness of Humans as the Foundation of Rousseau' Politics

The idea that humans are naturally good is an underlying conviction and a compass directing Rousseaus philosophical rumination. Specifically, his position is that men are not naturally egoistic as Hobbes would have us believe but have an inherent quality which disposes them to seek the well-being of others. For him, everything was good as it left the hand of the creator; everything degenerated in the hands of humans. There seems to be an obvious contradiction, how is it that everything which ...

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance

An Empiricist and Idealist Critique of the Idea of Substance Abstract: This paper examines the concept of substance in terms of the traditional view of it as something that exists to support the properties of things or objects generally. Critiques of this view by Berkeley and Hume, as well as their theoretical foundations of empiricism and idealism, will be analysed. In addition to determining what can be concluded from these critiques of the idea of substance, it will be discussed whether Be...

Universal Basic Income Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa

Universal Basic Income & Inheritance Tax: A Modern Response to the Problem of Distributive Injustice in Contemporary South Africa Abstract: This paper examines the idea of a system of Universal Basic Income (UBI), along with inheritance tax, as a response to the problem of distributive injustice in contemporary South Africa. The focus will be on the works of Lafaye, who advocates for a reform of inheritance tax, and Van Parijs, who synthesizes the central case for basic income as a strategy a...

NIETZSCHE’S CONCEPTION OF MAN AND ITS RELEVANCE TO THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD

ABSTRACT This  essay  is  a  critique  of  Nietzsche’s  conception  of  man.  Much  of  Nietzsche’s philosophical work has to do  with the creation of self or to  put it in  Nietzsche’s terms, “becoming what one is”. Nietzsche’s philosophy contemplates the meaning of values and their significance to human existence. Given that no absolute values exist, in Nietzsche’s view, the evolution of values on ...

CAN THE DEAD STILL LIVE: A PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE OF THE CONCEPT OF REINCARNATION AMONG THE YORÙBÁ OF SOUTH-WEST,NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe belief in reincarnation is, of course, a central theme of many Eastern religions. Belief in rebirth has been reported amongst people scattered the length and breadth of the African continent. Their beliefs ranges from ‘partial’ reincarnation of an ancestor in one or several individuals strictly within the same family, to that of an endless cycle of rebirths linked to a notion of cleansing and refinement of the inner nature. There have been divergent views in response to the qu...

Aristotle's Conception of community

A Short Essay on Aristotle's Conception of Community. 

THE CONCEPT OF SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD IN CHRISTINE OVERALLS PHILOSOPHY, AN ETHICAL EVALUATION

A surrogate, which is synonymous with words such as “deputize,” “foster,” and “substitute,” is not a strange word for many persons, even in Africa. It explains the condition that births a person or animal acting as a substitute for the social or personal role of another, such as a surrogate mother. However, commendable as this sounds, the problem of surrogacy in today’s world reached apogee as a result of the misconstrued preconception of familyhood. This growing misinterpretati...

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