Research Papers/Topics in Theology

Defence of Baptism (Historio-Theological Approach)

One of the major sacraments of Christianity is baptism. The major controversies that revolve around this sacrament of baptism bother on who should be baptized? How should it be done? And what it means to be baptized? More generally the debate within the arena of baptism has to do with whether it is legitimate to baptize infants, and if so, what theological justification may be provided for the practice. This paper critically examines the various propositions for and against infant baptism and...

POST-MODERNITY AND ITS NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF ON THEOLOGY AND CHRISTIAN WITNESS

Several factors have an influence on how the Christian message is received by non-Christian hearers and how the Christian theology is being received by people generally. One such ideology that developed in the mid to late twentieth-century, which has become prominent in the modernized societies, is “Postmodernism.” This broad movement expresses itself in a variety of subjects including art, architecture, history, literature, medicine, and religion. As the movement gained ground, postmoder...

The Messainic Prophecies of Isaiah and Ezekiel

AbstractThe messianic prophecies in the Old Testament start with a promise of hope and a virgin birth in the Garden of Eden after the fall of humanity in Genesis 3:15. The theme of the Messiah is woven into each book of the Old Testament as a part of Israel’s salvation history specifically as follows: the seed of the woman in Genesis, the Passover lamb in Exodus, the high priest in Leviticus, the pillar of cloud by day and pillar of fire by night in Numbers, the prophet like Moses in Deuter...

Old Testament Prophetism and Biblical Paradigm of the Schools of the Prophets

This paper discusses the prophetic ministry and the order of training employed at the time of the Old Testament. Worthy of note is that, the name given to bands of prophets or “sons of prophets” living together for instruction and worship under Samuel, Elijah, and Elisha. Little is known about these schools, but they seem to have been important religious institutions in Israel and references to them are frequent. Not all the “sons of the prophets” claimed to have a supernatural gift; ...

The Challenges of Ministerial Integrity in 1 Samuel 12:1-5 to Pastors in the Presbyterian Church of Nigeria

AbstractThe research “The Challenges of Ministerial Integrity in 1 Samuel 12:1-5 to Pastors in the Presbyterian Church of Nigeria” addressed the scaring acceleration of characters that depicts lack of integrity among some pastors in the Presbyterian Church of Nigeria.  Thus, the research is targeted towards investigating the possible causes, effects of and solutions to lack of pastoral integrity among some pastors in the Presbyterian Church of Nigeria and highlighting what should be ...

EXEGETICAL STUDY OF MATTHEW 16:17-19 AND CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE “PETROS”, “PETRA” ARGUMENTS

The Gospel according to Matthew is one of the Synoptic Gospels. It was written by Matthew who was believed to be an eyewitness of many of the events he recorded. He was a tax collector before he was called by Jesus and had scribal skills and knowledge of Judaism. He was a competent witness of what he has recorded. He emphasized Jesus’ Jewish heritage and demonstrated how Jesus fulfils the Old Testament prophecies (Kapolyo 1105). Matthew’s gospel is a teaching gospel containing five blocks...

MARTIN LUTHER AND HIS THEOLOGICAL VIEWS

Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483 to Hans Luder and Margareth Lindemann in Eisleben, Germany, which was part of the Holy Roman Empire. Martin Luther was a German priest, a professor of theology, and an iconic figure of the Protestant Reformation. Breezy Aaron explained that when he was younger, he dedicated himself to a monastic life, fasted, prayed a lot, and always confessed to keep himself clean from sin. Later on in his life, one of his superiors by the name of Johann von Staupi...

Encouraging Unity in Diversity in the Church in the Light of 1 Corinthians 12:12-26

IntroductionIn our world today, our differences are often used as a means to create distance between us, even among Christians in the Church. Christians’ lives would not just be interesting without variety to spice them up. Just as the body consists of various parts all working together to achieve different things, Christians are of various races, groupings and undertakings need to unite to achieve the tasks that God has set for them. God created all human as a diverse people and He wants a...

Ephesians 5:3-7: A Biblical Stand on Sexuality and Sensuality and Its Implications to Believers Today

IntroductionToday, there is a problem of morality. There are professing Christians that argue that the Bible permits committed, loving homosexual relationships. Some other Christians justify going to R-rated movies by saying, “I need to understand where our culture is at. Also, some argue that genuine Christians may fall into habitual immorality or greed and that the consequence is, they lose their rewards, not eternal life. And these spring up the question of ‘Where is the balance betwee...

Political Restructuring of Nigeria in the Light of Acts 6

IntroductionThe church in Jerusalem represented in Acts 6 verses 1–4 was promptly challenged by the problem of inequity and lack of fair play among the various stakeholders and such disaffection reached a situation of murmur and open agitation. This challenge to the apostles was a threat to the consolidation of the already established Christian community in Jerusalem and its spread to the whole world. Something must be done to arrest the situation or the Church runs the risk of disintegrati...

Influence Of Christians’ Spirituality On Fostering Cohesion Among Ethnic Communities In Nakuru County, Kenya

Christians’ spirituality (CS) usually plays a key role in the development and practice of shared values, equal opportunities based on trust, hope, good relations and reciprocity among communities. However, Christians’ spirituality seems not to have achieved these objectives in Kenya and Nakuru County in particular. This is evident in the lack of cohesion and frequency of conflicts among ethnic communities since 1992. This study investigated the influence of Christ...

THE PRIESTLY/LEVITICAL CODES OF THE PENTATEUCH: AN OVERVIEW WITH MODERN CRITICISMS AND MODIFICATIONS

The pentateuchal Priestly source comprises portions of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and a small portion of the end of Deuteronomy. The Priestly source seems also to continue beyond the Pentateuch, at least in Joshua. Within the Priestly source, two main strata can be identified: P, “Priestly”; and H, “Holiness.” P provides the narrative backbone of the source and includes within its narrative the revelation of laws in Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. H includes small por...

EXISTENTIAL EXEGETICAL STUDY OF GENESIS 19:12-26 (APPLIED TO PASTORS, SEMINARIANS AND THE CHURCH)

Genesis is a book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testamment. Oral tradition credits Moses as the author of Genesis (Henry 12). It is a book about “beginnings.” It tells of such things as the beginning of creation, of languages and of a chosen nation. Commencing with the creation of the heaven and the earth, and concluding with the death of the patriarchs Jacob and Joseph, this book supplies us with information with regard not only to the first beginnings and earlier st...

EXEGETICAL STUDY OF MATTHEW 16:17-19 (WITH APPLICATION AND THEOLOGICAL CONCLUSION)

The Gospel according to Matthew is one of the Synoptic Gospels. It was written by Matthew who was believed to be an eyewitness of many of the events he recorded. He was a tax collector before he was called by Jesus and had scribal skills and knowledge of Judaism. He was a competent witness of what he has recorded. He emphasized Jesus’ Jewish heritage and demonstrated how Jesus fulfils the Old Testament prophecies (Kapolyo 1105). Matthew’s gospel is a teaching gospel containing five ...

EXEGETICAL STUDY OF EXODUS 3:1-14

The title ‘Exodus’ is derived from the name which ancient Greek translators gave to the book, ‘Exodus’ meaning ‘the going out’, ‘exit’. The name reflects the book’s particular interest in the departure of the Israelites from Egypt (Alexander 92). As the second book of the Bible, Exodus forms part of a larger narrative which begins in Genesis and continues at least as far as the book of Deuteronomy. Exodus does not mention the person responsible for giving the book its ...


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