Research Papers/Topics in Biomedical Engineering

A Study Of Optical And Thermal Effectsof Gold Nanoparticles

Abstract The interaction between nanoparticles and radiation holds great interest in Nano medicine. Hyperthermia by laser has been considered as safe cancer treatments methods with lower harmful effects on normal tissues. Using nanoparticles in cancer treatment has improved laser therapy, which is based on a selective cell targeting method to localize cell damages. Metallic nanoparticles such as gold, silver, and copper have been recognized to highly interact with laser beam because of ...

Study Of Blood Glucose Measurement Based On Blood Resistivity

Abstract Diabetic patients are generally advised to check their blood glucose level 5to 7 times per day. Since the all current existing conventional methods of home blood glucose tests are painful, intimidating, laborious, and expensive, since they require obtaining a blood sample by pricking a fingertip with a needle or lancet. Thus it is necessary to develop a non-invasive blood glucose method which could provide fast, painless, and convenient glucose monitoring to diabetic patients. ...

Short Messages Technique In Health Level 7(HL7)

Abstract Proper management of health information is an important in providing safe and efficient patient care. Recent studies shown that adoption of IT (information technology) in health care participate in improving the quality of care, preventing of medical errors, reducing of health care cost. The slaw adoption of it in health care can be result of many factors like doubt of benefit vs. cost of it. One of information technology systems is hl7 (health level 7) which is a software pr...

Design Of A Hybrid Artificial Hip Joint Using Finite Element Analysis

Abstract Rehabilitation is an important branch of biomedical engineering specializations that is exceedingly related to the healthcare delivery and its improvement, one of the most important topics of rehabilitation is prosthesis that is related to resolving the problems of the amputations and artificial joints. The later has been widespread recently due to the bone diseases and traumas. Subsidence, stress shielding, fatigue fracture, stiffness mismatching and expensive prices are th...

Adaptive Techniques For Cardiac Arrhythmia Detection By Using Artificial Neural Network

Abstract 95 ECG signals were collected from MIT-BIH Arrhythmia database in Physionet bank in Physionet website. 25 of these samples are said to be abnormal and the rest 70 sample are normal sinus rhythm ECG. These samples were processed to remove baseline wonder and high frequency noise using Fast Fourier Transform and Discrete Wavelet Transform. The Matlab program was also developed to extract the main feature of the ECG signal during a set period of time. Starting with segmenting the...

Improvement U-Net For MRI Brain Tumour Segmentation By Searching For Suitable Activation Function

Abstract This study proposes the usage of enhanced activation function to improve the performance of deep learning models used in MRI brain tumour segmentation. Activation function has a significant role in deep network stability, learning rate and accuracy of the resultant solution. The main advantage of this new activation function is the ability to provide more accurate results solving the problem of vanishing gradient in comparison to the common activation functions “ReLU”. Vani...

Design of a Programmed Oxygen Delivery System

AbstractThis research aims to program a data base of prominent and the mostcommon diseases, which require supplementary oxygen care, bydetermining the specific range between the maximum and minimum dose,those can give a satisfied result. The minimum level will be givenautomatically, to increase the oxygen level and to determine the patienttiming that will be subject to medical consultation and doctor'srecommendations.The main objectives of this thesis are, over dose risk to be prevente...

Designing a Tele-pediatric System Based on the Internet

ABSTRACTThe outgrowth and quick development in telecommunication technologies has open new opportunities for diagnosing of many diseases, which is life threatening, for patients who are in rural areas and district far away from city, and where there is no specialists.Not all of the diseases are to be diagnosed using telecommunication technologies. Critical and life threatening diseases, in which patient cannot wait until going to central hospital, or specialist, need to benefit from the...

Central Medical Waste Treatment Facility

Central Medical Waste TreatmentFacility AbstractThe main purpose of the research is to design a Common Centralbiomedical waste treatment facility CBWTF and number of wasteassembly points distributed in different geographical locations withinstate of Khartoum, and then treating and destroying hazardous wastes in acost-effective and ecology friend. The design depends on hightemperature thermal process, that reduce waste hazard, volume anddestroying harmful substances by employing combus...

Lecture Notes: Recombinant DNA Technology (Genetic Engineering and Gene Cloning)

I General Info A. Landmarks in modern genetics 1. Rediscovery of Mendel’s work 2. Chromosomal theory of inheritance 3. DNA as the genetic material 4. Recombinant DNA technology development and applications B. Recombinant DNA refers to the creation of new combinations of DNA segments that are not found together in nature. The isolation and manipulation of genes allows for more precise genetic analysis as well as practical applications in medicine, agriculture, and industry. C. Fund...

Design For Real Time Heart Sounds Recognition System

ABSTRACTAuscultation is a technique, in which Physicians used the stethoscope tolisten to patient’s heart sounds in order to make a diagnosis. However, thedetermination of heart conditions by heart auscultation is a difficult task andit requires special training of medical staff. On the other hand, in primary orhome health care, when deciding who requires special care, auscultationplays a very important role; and for these situations, an ‘‘intelligentstethoscope’’ with decisio...

Design of an Online Medical Devices Tender Logistics Management Information System (DOMDTLMIS)

AbstractMedical device is the key factor in making decision for patients; it is an important component in healthcare system, the development of new medical technologies can improve its ability of diagnoses and treatment.One of the most important steps of medical device life cycle is procurement and logistics which is regulated by federal ministry of health (FMOH).The most serious problem that encounters the tender procurement process in Sudan is that it is still paper based system.The ...

Quantitative Evaluation Of Breast Lesion Based On Ultrasound Elastography

Abstract Quantitative elastography is a non-invasive imaging technique that studies the elastic properties of the tissue when force is applied, and gives quantitative information about it. In this research the present work was performed using static deformation on a breast mimic ultrasound phantom. Strain images are constructed from the measured radio frequency (RF) ultrasound signals. The mean strain is recovered from stiffer segmented lesion and from nearby normal tissue, and then com...

Early Detection Of Stomach Pain Using Reflexology

Abstract Pain detection using a quick response method is considered an important point that must be considered especially for emergency medicine. This project presents new technique that records the myoelectrical activity of the stomach, which is effective due to its non-invasive nature and its correlation with gastric motility .The procedure was simulated with the aid of MATLAB 7.8 to generate a reference signal and another signal to indicate to the patient’s signal by using signal ...

Classification System For Heart Sounds Based On Random Forests

Abstract In the last century, cardiovascular illnesses are the first death cause in developed countries. For this reason, many efforts have been made in order to develop sophisticated techniques for the early diagnoses of cardiac disorders. The Phonocardiogram (PCG) signals contain very useful information about the condition of the heart. By analyzing these signals, early detection and diagnosis of heart diseases can be done. It is also very useful in the case of infants, where ECG reco...


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