Research Papers/Topics in Biomedical Engineering

Robotic Manipulator using an Inductive Sensor

This project involves the use of an inductive sensor to control a robotic arm system. The signals generated in the induction coil will help in controlling the manipulator to perform certain gripping and grabbing actions. Also, the report describes the method used to acquire and process these induced signals before they are sent (induced signals) to the manipulator through the help of two programmed microcontrollers.

A Hybrid Technique for Speckle Noise Reduction in ultrasound images

Abstract In the field of biomedical imaging, Ultrasound is an incontestable vital tool for diagnosis, it provides in non-invasive manner the internal structure of the body to detect eventually diseases or abnormalities tissues. These images are obtained with a simple linear or sector scan US probe, which show a granular appearance called speckle. . Unfortunately, the presence of speckle noise affects edges and fine details which limit the contrast resolution and make diagnostic more difficult...

Comparative Studies of Needle Free Injection Systems and Hypodermic Needle Injection: A Global Perspective

Needle-free injection (NFI) is a novel transdermal either intramuscularly or subcutaneously drug delivery system, where innovative ways to introduce a variety of medicines like as antibiotics, iron, or vaccines comfortably, accurately, easily and rapidly without, piercing the skin compared to traditional needle. While hypodermic needle is inject substances into body by intradermal, intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, etc or extract fluids from the body body, for example taking blood fro...

Design and Implementation of a Mechanical Ventilator

Africa’s healthcare system is challenged by inadequate medical equipment, stemming from the fact that it does not manufacture its own medical devices but depends mostly on used medical equipment donations, many of which do not function and require extensive repairs. The World Health Organization estimates that 50 to 80 percent of medical equipment in developing countries are not working, therefore creating a barrier in the health system delivery of health services.  Mechanical ventilators ...

The regulation of advertising

Harker, D. (2018), “Achieving acceptable advertising: An analysis of advertising regulation in fivecountries”, International Marketing Review,15 (2), pp. 101‐18.Hawkes, C., & Harris, J. L. (2019). An analysis of the content of food industry pledges onmarketing to children. Public Health Nutrition, 14(8), 1403–1414.Hill, H. & Tilley, J. (2002). Packaging of children's breakfast cereal: Manufacturers versuschildren”, British Food Journal, 104(9) pp. 766‐77.Koester, J. V. (2002). Leg...

A Study Of Optical And Thermal Effectsof Gold Nanoparticles

Abstract The interaction between nanoparticles and radiation holds great interest in Nano medicine. Hyperthermia by laser has been considered as safe cancer treatments methods with lower harmful effects on normal tissues. Using nanoparticles in cancer treatment has improved laser therapy, which is based on a selective cell targeting method to localize cell damages. Metallic nanoparticles such as gold, silver, and copper have been recognized to highly interact with laser beam because of surfa...

Study Of Blood Glucose Measurement Based On Blood Resistivity

Abstract Diabetic patients are generally advised to check their blood glucose level 5to 7 times per day. Since the all current existing conventional methods of home blood glucose tests are painful, intimidating, laborious, and expensive, since they require obtaining a blood sample by pricking a fingertip with a needle or lancet. Thus it is necessary to develop a non-invasive blood glucose method which could provide fast, painless, and convenient glucose monitoring to diabetic patients. Since...

Short Messages Technique In Health Level 7(HL7)

Abstract Proper management of health information is an important in providing safe and efficient patient care. Recent studies shown that adoption of IT (information technology) in health care participate in improving the quality of care, preventing of medical errors, reducing of health care cost. The slaw adoption of it in health care can be result of many factors like doubt of benefit vs. cost of it. One of information technology systems is hl7 (health level 7) which is a software program r...

Design Of A Hybrid Artificial Hip Joint Using Finite Element Analysis

Abstract Rehabilitation is an important branch of biomedical engineering specializations that is exceedingly related to the healthcare delivery and its improvement, one of the most important topics of rehabilitation is prosthesis that is related to resolving the problems of the amputations and artificial joints. The later has been widespread recently due to the bone diseases and traumas. Subsidence, stress shielding, fatigue fracture, stiffness mismatching and expensive prices are the most c...

Adaptive Techniques For Cardiac Arrhythmia Detection By Using Artificial Neural Network

Abstract 95 ECG signals were collected from MIT-BIH Arrhythmia database in Physionet bank in Physionet website. 25 of these samples are said to be abnormal and the rest 70 sample are normal sinus rhythm ECG. These samples were processed to remove baseline wonder and high frequency noise using Fast Fourier Transform and Discrete Wavelet Transform. The Matlab program was also developed to extract the main feature of the ECG signal during a set period of time. Starting with segmenting the signa...

Improvement U-Net For MRI Brain Tumour Segmentation By Searching For Suitable Activation Function

Abstract This study proposes the usage of enhanced activation function to improve the performance of deep learning models used in MRI brain tumour segmentation. Activation function has a significant role in deep network stability, learning rate and accuracy of the resultant solution. The main advantage of this new activation function is the ability to provide more accurate results solving the problem of vanishing gradient in comparison to the common activation functions “ReLU”. Vanishing...

Design of a Programmed Oxygen Delivery System

Abstract This research aims to program a data base of prominent and the most common diseases, which require supplementary oxygen care, by determining the specific range between the maximum and minimum dose, those can give a satisfied result. The minimum level will be given automatically, to increase the oxygen level and to determine the patient timing that will be subject to medical consultation and doctor's recommendations. The main objectives of this thesis are, over dose risk to be preven...

Designing a Tele-pediatric System Based on the Internet

ABSTRACT The outgrowth and quick development in telecommunication technologies has open new opportunities for diagnosing of many diseases, which is life threatening, for patients who are in rural areas and district far away from city, and where there is no specialists. Not all of the diseases are to be diagnosed using telecommunication technologies. Critical and life threatening diseases, in which patient cannot wait until going to central hospital, or specialist, need to benefit from the ad...

Central Medical Waste Treatment Facility

Central Medical Waste Treatment Facility Abstract The main purpose of the research is to design a Common Central biomedical waste treatment facility CBWTF and number of waste assembly points distributed in different geographical locations within state of Khartoum, and then treating and destroying hazardous wastes in a cost-effective and ecology friend. The design depends on high temperature thermal process, that reduce waste hazard, volume and destroying harmful substances by employing combu...

Design For Real Time Heart Sounds Recognition System

ABSTRACT Auscultation is a technique, in which Physicians used the stethoscope to listen to patient’s heart sounds in order to make a diagnosis. However, the determination of heart conditions by heart auscultation is a difficult task and it requires special training of medical staff. On the other hand, in primary or home health care, when deciding who requires special care, auscultation plays a very important role; and for these situations, an ‘‘intelligent stethoscope’’ with decis...


1 - 15 Of 33 Results