Research Papers/Topics in Electrical Electronics Engineering

LPG Gas Monitoring and Cylinder Booking Alert System

LPG is widely used in our everyday life. It should be handled with care as it is highly flammable which causes а fire or explosion. The above circumstances can be overcome by implementing techniques for detecting accurate gas leaks. The main aim of this paper is to put forth an IOT gas management system that will be able to sense gas leakage and fire detection. Whenever leakage of gas is detected, the user will be alerted through SMS and call so that the user can turn off the gas valve im...

Selection Of An Electricity Tariff Plan For Mini-Grid Business Models: An Intuitionistic Fuzzy Axiomatic Design Approach

Abstract This article proposes a conceptual framework that used mini-gird business models (MBMs) to rank electricity tariff plans. The framework combines intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS), Criteria Importance Through Inter-criteria Correlation (CRITIC), fuzzy axiomatic design (FAD) and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). It considered when decision-makers specify or did not specify for MBM’s requirements. Also, this article considered uncertainty in dec...

Power Quality Enhancement For A Standalone Photovoltaic System

A distribution network connected to rural consumers is often quite weak due to the long distance. Hence, an increase in power demand over this network will result to power quality problems. The main cause of this unacceptable situation is the inability of the power system to meet the demand of reactive power. Inductive loads are the main cause of power quality problems and they are widely used in domestic and industrial sector, contributing to inefficient use of energy. In this paper, ...

Rodin Platform Why3 plug-in

Abstract. We briefly present the motivation, architecture and usage experience as well as proof statistics for a new Rodin Platform proof back-end based on the Why3 umbrella prover. Why3 offers a simple and versatile notation as a common interface to a large number of automated provers including all the leading SMT-LIB and TPTP compliant tools. The plug-in can function either in a local mode when all the provers are installed locally, or remotely as a cloud service. We discuss the exper...

Chaotic Secure Communication Schemes employing Chua’s Circuit

AbstractIn recent years, chaotic secure communication systems have attracted significant interest due to their higher unpredictability over conventional secure communications systems and simplicity of implementation. This study presents the modeling of four chaotic modulation techniques. The techniques are Chaotic Masking (CM), Chaos Shift Keying (CSK), Chaos On-Off Keying (COOK), and Differential Chaos Shift Keying (DCSK). Simulations were carried out using Simulink in Matlab enviro...

Chaotic Behaviours in Dynamical Systems with Application to Secure Communication

ABSTRACTAttention has recently been focused on irregular aspect of the behavior of dynamic systems. One of such behaviour models is chaos which has been widely reported as having a great potential in communications. This study aimed at demonstrating the major concepts in non-linear dynamics and chaos grid the application of these properties in communication. The behavioural modes of logistic map which is a simple dynamical system were investigated with different values of system parameter...

Control, Automation and Monitoring Of Hardboard Production Process Using PLCSCADA System

Human necessities are increasing day by day where as the factories are running out of resources. To ameet these demands industries need to improve the quality and quantity of their production. Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) have been used for many decades for standard control in industrial and factory environments. Over the years, PLCs have become computational efficient and powerful, and a robust platform with applications beyond the standard control and factory automat...

INVESTIGATION OF SUITABLE TIME FOR THE PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION OF MONO-CRYSTALLINE PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS AT FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, ABEOKUTA (FUNAAB), ALABATA, OGUN ST

Abstract Human existence relies on solar energy either directly or indirectly and the world at large cannot continue to exist, remain or live without the solar energy. Solar power in Nigeria can serve as a source of sustainable energy if fully utilized due to abundant availability all year round energy and its regular appearance on daily basis in the sky under a friendly environment. The maximum output current and power of solar panel used in harvesting solar energy are obtained at solar...

Output Power and Voltage-Time Characteristics of Mono-Crystalline Photovoltaic Panel at Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), Alabata, Ogun State, Nigeria Under FUNAAB Weather

AbstractSolar energy is gaining more attention than ever before due to its potential ability to provide the world energy needed at a sufficient and reliable rate. Putting more focus on its optimum harvesting and utilization can eventually solve the problem of energy shortage by balancing up the energy demand of the nation. Adequate information on the output voltage of the solar panel to cope with the output current during the daytime is essential to be able to predict accurately the estim...

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF MONO-CRYSTALLINE PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS IN FUNAAB, ALABATA, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA WEATHER CONDITION

AbstractThe current-voltage characteristic is the basic descriptor of photovoltaic device and is used to test the performance of PV panel. The manufacture specifications on solar panels are obtained under standard condition (solar irradiance of 1000 W/m2, AM 1.5 and operating temperature of 25oC) which is not the real operating condition the solar panels are exposed to on the installation site. With this, the information obtained from the manufacture specifications would not be sufficient ...

Analysis Of Radio Propagation Characteristics For An Operative GSM Network

Abstract: This research work seeks to analyze the radio propagation characteristics of a GSM operative network using Makurdi as a case study. The analysis of radio propagation by a GSM operative entails the characteristics/ behavior of the radio wave between the transmitter and the receiver. An understanding of the radio wave propagation characteristics of an environment is a necessary condition for effective radio network planning which translate to the determination of the coverage stre...

Carrier Transport and Recombination In A-SI: H PIN Solar Cells in Dark and Under Illumination

Abstract A study has been carried out on the forward bias dark current and the short circuit current-open circuit voltage characteristics of a-Si: H pin solar cells over wide range of illumination intensities. Results are presented with superposition of these characteristics over extended current voltage regimes. This and the observed separation between these characteristics are consistent with the arguments presented based on first principle arguments.

Optimization of open circuit voltage in amorphous silicon solar cells with mixed-phase (amorphous+nanocrystalline) p-type contacts of low nanocrystalline content

Both the origins of the high open circuit voltages (VOC) in amorphous silicon solar cells having p layers prepared with very high hydrogen dilution and the physical structure of these optimum p layers remain poorly understood topics, with several studies offering conflicting views. This work attempts to overcome the limitations of previous studies by combining insights available from electronic measurements, real time spectroscopic ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy, and both high-resoluti...

Industrial Symbiosis for Very Large Scale Photovoltaic Manufacturing

In order to stabilize the global climate the world’s governments must make significant commitments to drastically reduce global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. One of the most promising methods of curbing GHG emissions is a world transition from fossil fuels to renewable sources of energy. Solar photovoltaic (PV) cells offer a technically sustainable solution to the projected enormous future energy demands. This article explores utilizing industrial symbiosis to obtain economies of scale an...

Optimizing Design of Household Scale Hybrid Solar Photovoltaic + Combined Heat and Power Systems for Ontario

This paper investigates the feasibility of implementing a hybrid solar photovoltaic (PV) + combined heat and power (CHP) and battery bank system for a residential application to generate reliable base load power to the grid in Ontario. Deploying PV on a large-scale has a penetration level threshold due to the inherent power supply intermittency associated with the solar resource. By creating a hybrid PV+CHP system there is potential of increasing the PV penetration level. One year of one seco...


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