Research Papers/Topics in Biodiversity And Conservation Science

Spatial Analysis Of Trees Outside Forests As Influenced By Land Use Categories In River Sio Basin, Kenya

Increasing population in the developing world and associated needs for agricultural production, human settlement and industrialization have led to massive destruction of tree resources through deforestation and degradation of tree landscape. Countries have restricted access to forest resources by establishing forest reserves, causing communities to depend widely on Trees Outside the Forest (TOF). Therefore, TOF are diminishing and with them their protective and productive functions due ...

Vegetation Diversity And Carbon Stock Of Natural Regeneration Woodlands Of Kishapu District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Natural regeneration woodlands have the potential for enhanced carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation although little is known on vegetation species diversity and the associated carbon dynamics. A study was carried out among three selected natural regeneration woodlands (Nyasamba, Bubinza and Ndoleleleji) of Kishapu district aimed (1) to determine plant species diversity, (2) to quantify herbaceous biomass productivity, (3) to determine tree stocking capacity, and ...

Assessment Of Natural Resources Conflicts In Some Selected Villages Surrounding Mikumi National Park

ABSTRACT This study investigated the Natural Resources conflicts in Doma, Maharaka and Mkata villages surrounding Mikumi National Park. The study assessed humanelephant, human-carnivore and farmers and livestock keeper‟s conflicts. Field observation, household survey, field interviews and in-depth interviews were used to find the required information. The collected information were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Losses due to elephant consumption increased year after year in all ...

Impact Of Human Activities On Performance Of Kibele Forest Reserve, Zanzibar

ABSTRACT Sustainability of forests globally is threatened by human activities through deforestation for fuel wood, human settlements, cultivation, mining and forest fires. A study was conducted at Kibele forest of Zanzibar to assess extent of encroachment and forest disturbance, and their effect in forest performance based on specific objectives: (1) to assess types of anthropogenic activities and extent of forest encroachment, (2) to determine effect of forest disturbances on stem dens...

Assessment Of Anthropogenic Activities And Their Potential Impacts On Flora And Fauna In Bahi Wetlands, Dodoma

ABSTRACT A study was carried out in Bahi wetlands covering Bahi and part of Manyoni Districts to assess the anthropogenic activities that have potential impacts on flora and fauna. The study was carried out in selected four villages of Bahi District, namely, (1) Nagulo Bahi, (2) Bahi sokoni, (3) Uhelela, and (4) Mkakatika, and Igose for Manyoni District. The study was carried out based on the specific objectives: (1) to identify anthropogenic activities and their potential impacts on fl...

Evaluation Of Nutritive Value Of Browse Tree Fodder Species Indigenous To Kiteto And Kongwa Districts

ABSTRACT The use of browse tree fodder as supplements to ruminant feeding in the tropics is limited by lack of information on their nutritive potential. A study was carried out to screen eight browse species in Kongwa and Kiteto districts (Acacia mellifera, Acacia senegal, Acacia xanthophloea, Acacia tortilis, Boscia spp., Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena pallida and Melia azedarach) for potential chemical composition, concentration of minerals, and in vitro digestibility potential using...

Aggregate stability of Nkpologu sandy loam soil under different soil and crop management systems

ABSTRACTA study was conducted in the runoff plots at the University of Nigeria Nsukka Teaching andResearch Farm, in 2010 and 2011 to monitor the changes in aggregate stability, and someselected physicochemical properties of Nkpologu sandy loam soil under different cover andsoil management systems. The management systems were bare fallow (BF), grass fallow(GF), legume (CE), groundnut (GN), sorghum (SM), and cassava (CA) cultivation. Followingthe characterization of the soil of the study...

Human-Crocodile Conflicts In Areas Adjacent To Lake Rukwa And Momba River, Momba District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Conflicts between human and crocodiles are increasing due to increase in human population. The conflicts have significant impacts on both human and crocodile populations. The study focused on assessment of human-crocodile conflicts in areas adjacent to Lake Rukwa and Momba River, Momba District, Mbeya Region Tanzania, for the period of 2003 to 2012. Cross-sectional research design and purposive sampling of villages were used in data collection. A total of 120 households were ra...

Human - Large Carnivore Conflicts In Communities Adjacent To Tarangire National Park, Tanzania

ABSTRACT In 2018, between February and June we conducted a study on HLCC around Tarangire NP and observed that agricultural development activities and human population growth have destructed suitable habitats previously occupied by wildlife. This situation had intensified HLCC in sub- Saharan Africa as a result carnivores population is declining due to human revenges for livestock depredated and human attacked. In Tanzania, HWC have been well documented especially in Serengeti NP and Sel...

Deadwood Production And Decomposition Rate Of Acacia Tortilis And Acacia Nilotic Around University Of Dodoma, Tanzania: The Ecological Role Of Termites In Semi-Arid Regions

ABSTRACT Studies on deadwood (DW) production and nutrient recycling through decomposition by termites in semi arid ecosystems are scarce and thus given less consideration in forest management. A study was conducted at Chimwaga forest patch of UDOM to estimate the amount of DW produced by A. tortilis and A. nilotica as well as the decomposition rate by termites during dry and rain seasons. Both random and systematic sampling techniques were adopted coupled with a completely randomized d...

Assessment Of Species Richness And Relative Abundance Of Small Carnivores In Natural Forest And Shrub Thickets At The University Of Dodoma

ABSTRACTS Urbanization developments results in the loss and fragmentation of habitat, which can significantly alter animal communities. Wildlife species occupying higher trophic levels, such as mammalian carnivores may be especially affected by habitat alteration and concomitant losses of cover and prey. Tanzania has high carnivore diversity, 35 species or more, but relatively little is known about carnivore communities outside protected areas or the effects of urbanization on carnivore...

Phenotypic Characterization Of Local Chicken Ecotypes Indigenous To Semi-Arid Areas Of Dodoma And Singida Regions Of Central Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe optimum productivity of local chicken population is limited by poor housing management, poor feeding and nutrition, incidences of diseases and lack of appropriate breeding strategies. A study was carried out in different districts of Dodoma and Singida regions of central Tanzania to characterize local chicken ecotypes based on specific objectives; (1) To identify qualitative traits, and (2) to determine quantitative traits of selected local chicken ecotypes. Chickens indigeno...

Impact Of Anthropogenic Activities On Sustainability Of Makuwe- Gando And Mtambwe South Forest Patches In Wete District Of Pemba Island, Zanzibar

ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to assess impact of anthropogenic activities on sustainability of the natural forest fragments of Makuwe-Gando and Mtambwe south forest patches, Wete District of Pemba Island. The study was carried out based on the following specific objective; (1) to identify important forest goods and services derived from MGFP and MSFP of Wete district in Pemba Island; (2) to identify type and nature of anthropogenic activities in MGFP and MSFP of Wete district...


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