Research Papers/Topics in Natural And Environmental Sciences

Assessment Of Household Solid Waste Management In Makina Informal Settlements, Nairobi Kenya

The purpose of this study was to assess the household management of domestic solid waste in the Makina area informal settlements, Kibera division of Nairobi city. This is because of the increasing sites of unattended solid wastes in its public places. The objectives of the study were: To establish the types of domestic solid waste generated in Makina area; to evaluate the effectiveness of the solid waste management at the household level and to examine the role-played by s...

Environmental Sustainability In Informal Settlement Upgrading Projects In Nairobi, Mombasa And Kisumu Cities In Kenya

The phenomenal growth of urban centres in developing countries makes cities important sites for engaging with environmental issues. The prevalence of informal settlements in cities and its implication on environmental sustainability has become a growing concern. Metabolic processes of these spatial units significantly shape the urban ecological system and define quality of life in cities. However, the significance of this space in the environmental sustainability func...

Evaluation Of Nutritional And Microbiological Quality Of Biscuit Fortified With Malted Millet Flour

AbstractThis study was carried out to determine the effect of addition of differentlevels (5, 10, 15, and 20%) of malted millet flour on nutritional quality,microbiological safety and sensory characteristic for biscuits. Proximateanalysis (moisture, protein, fat, fiber and ash) to wheat flour, millet, maltedmillet flour and biscuits were performed. Microbiology safety and sensorycharacteristic also physical properties and energy for biscuits were also done.There was significant (p

Perception Of Farmers In Rural North-Eastern Nigeria On A Newly Introduced Sustainable Agriculture Technique

ABSTRACT The world is at the verge of having a global crisis, with environmental degradation and malnourishment being two points of focus. Industrial agriculture, otherwise referred to as conventional agriculture, has led to ecological degradation globally. The use of heavy machinery, chemical fertilizers, heavy irrigation, and intensive tillage have had negative impacts on the environment and future generations. A solution in form of sustainable agriculture and its methods have the pot...

Public Acceptance Of A Proposed Ban On Plastic Bags In Nigeria: The Case Of Yola-Jimeta, Adamawa State

ABSTRACT Plastic litter negatively affects the environment and human health. Therefore, some countries and states have banned or taxed plastic bag use. For example, Rwanda, Mexico City, and China have introduced bans on plastic bags, as have Kenya and Rwanda in Africa. In this study, I assessed public perceptions of a proposed federal ban on plastic bags in Nigeria. Using a structured questionnaire, I interviewed 200 customers and 10 shop managers in Yola-Jimeta, northeastern Nigeria. M...

Knowledge And Practice Of Exclusive Breastfeeding In Adamawa State (Case Study; Yola South)

ABSTRACT The importance of breast milk over all other types of milk as the main food source for infants cannot be over-emphasized as established by numerous health and nutrition organizations. Early childhood is characterized by rapid growth, development of tissues and formation of organs. Breastfeeding is the optimal method for feeding infants. All the nutritional needs of children are provided by breast milk in the right amounts and duration. In Nigeria however, young infants may not ...

Identification And Characterization Of Bioremedation Potential Of Microorganisms In Soil From Waste Dumps In Yola-Jimeta Northeastern

ABSTRACT Biodegradation has proved over time that it is the cheapest and safest method human can use to tackle waste and population. The study of biodegradation of polypropylene revels that Actinomycyte and three other unknown strains are capable of biodegrading polypropylene (making new functional group) within 3weeks. The new functional group seen after 3 weeks were ester, cyanide, and ketone. The microbial community at the Yola waste are a community of diverse organism. Each with it...

Relationship Between Eating Breakfast And Academic Performance: A Case Study From Wuro Hausa Primary School Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Adequate nutrition is essential for a healthy growth. Research has shown how important it is for a child to have the necessary nutrients for growth and development. Breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day and it is very important for a child as it contains nutrients essential for good mental growth, and also learning outcomes. I used qualitative research methods to investigate the relationship between eating breakfast and academic performance using Wuro Hausa...

The Incidence And Risk Factors Of Preeclampsia And Eclampsia Admitted In Antenatal And Postnatal Wards After 20 Weeks Of Gestation

ABSTRACT Main Objective: This study was therefore to access the incidence of Preeclampsia in women admitted to FMC Yola in their pre and postnatal wards during their last trimester. Study Design: The study was carried out among pregnant women who are admitted in antenatal and postnatal wards after 20 weeks of gestation and was carried out at FMC Yola Adamawa State from February to April 2015. Method: Structured Questionnaires from patients in antenatal and postnatal wards at FMC Yola....

Dental Fluorosis In A Rural Nigerian Community: Is The Water To Blame?

ABSTRACT Drinking water can contain fluoride which is effective in preventing dental caries at concentration of ≤1.5 mg/L however at concentrations ≥1.5 mg/L, it could lead to dental fluorosis. Dental fluorosis is a disorder that occurs due to excessive fluoride intake during the mineralization of the teeth, resulting in an uneven distribution of brown and yellow coloration. I assessed fluoride levels in 19 samples of natural water sources (such as boreholes, streams, and wells) and...

Analytical Study Of Prostate Cancer In Men Living In Adamawa State; Case Studies In Federal Medical Center Yola, Daama Clinic And Zenithcare

ABSTRACT The research is on the analysis of prostate cancer in men living in Adamawa state, this topic is essential to determining certain degenerative factors that make individuals more at risk of being diagnosed with the condition. Some of these factors include age, genes, lifestyle etc. The sample size afforded an opportunity for data collection with the aid of questionnaires and interview techniques which enhanced the knowledge of prostate cancer epidemiology, screening methods and ...

Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices Of Biomedical Waste Management Among Waste Handlers At FMC, Yola And AKTH, Kano

ABSTRACT The study uses FMC and AKTH as a case study in order to assess the knowledge, practices and attitudes of waste handlers on biomedical waste management. The study investigates the major problems associated with management and handling practices and the possible solutions to tackle those problems. Based on the findings from this study, recommendations will be proposed to the hospitals on ways to improve the system of biomedical waste management and handling. A total of 12 ind...

Investigating The Problems Of Agricultural Credit In Adamawa State (Case Study; Yola South)

ABSTRACT This research was conducted with the aim of pointing out the problems that prevent farmers from having access to credit in Yola south. The research also gives an analysis of the socio-economic characteristics of farmers in the study area and their access to credit. Furthermore, the research also identifies the main sources of credit to farmers in the study area and the benefits derived from the credit obtained. During this research, three communities were purposively selected ...

An Assessment Of Coliforms In The American Univerity Of Nigeria Water Distribution System

 Generally, water has numerous purposes: drinking; bathing; washing clothes and dishes; cooking; flushing toilet, irrigation, just to name a few. Its significance cannot be over stressed. This is on the grounds that every day each individual uses water for one thing or the other. As water flows throughout the distribution system, microorganisms can contaminate the flow of water through the pipes, air valves, pump boosters, network of piping system and sometimes through the plumbing...

Mothers’ Breastfeeding Practice And Attitudes Toward Exclusive Breastfeeding In Adamawa State, Northeastern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice have been a serious public health concern, not only in Nigeria but in the world at large. It have severally been reported that there is low practice and awareness of EBF in Nigeria. I evaluated the variation in the level of knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding between mothers in Yola and those in Fufure IDP camp as well as their perceptions towards its practice. I also assessed the most effective medium of awareness for the knowledge of ex...


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