Research Papers/Topics in Petroleum Chemistry

Impact Of American Petroleum Institute Standards Variation On Crude Distillation Unit (Khartoum Refinery Company Case Study)

ABSTRACT This work aimed to study the effects of crude oil variation on the performance of a crude distillation unit (CDU). CDUs are generally designed for specific type of crude oil. However, the crude oil varies with time as a natural result of continuous reservoir depletion. The CDU of Khartoum refinery was taken as a case study. Data covering the period 2002 to 2012 was collected. The collected data include crude oil assay, feed and products flow rate, and CDU design and operation d...

Fabrication Of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Using Natural Dyes From Lawsonia Inermis (Henna), Mangifera Indica (Mango), And Terminalia Catappa (Tropical Almond) Leaves With Polyaniline/Graphite

This study used natural extracts from Lawsonia inermis L. (Henna), Terminalia catappa L. (Tropical Almond), and Mangifera indica L. (Mango) as photosensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells. The mango and tropical almond extracts were extracted using ethanol while the henna extract was gotten using alkaline extraction. The choice of extraction solvent was based on the ability to permeate the plant membranes and toxicity of the solvent. This study used TiO2 as the semiconductor material,...

Effects Of Oxygenates On Neem And Tigernut Oil Methyl Ester

Abstract Biodiesel is a biodegradable, environment friendly, renewable and energy efficiency fuel. It is becoming the most prominent alternative to petro-diesel. Due to current environmental concerns, quality and properties of biodiesel have to be optimized to remove its limitations. The use of oxygenates additives have proved to play such important role. The purpose of this research work was to compare the effects of oxygenates on biodiesel properties such as viscosity, heat content, d...

Research On Comparative Study On The Conversion Of Waste Plastic Materials To Liquid Hydrocarbons Through Catalytic Pyrolysis

ABSTRACT This research involves the application of pyrolysis has been viewed as an efficient means for the proper disposal of waste plastics in the environment amongst others. In this research, the influence of two catalysts namely; Zeolite and Titanium (IV) oxide are examined. Zeolite as a catalyst has obtained approval due to its ability to ensure the production of liquid hydrocarbons when applied in the pyrolysis of waste plastics. It has also been used a bench mark to determine the ...

Comparative Study On The Effects Of Oxygenates On Biodiesel From Fresh And Used Cooking Oil

Abstract Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that will soon be fully accepted in the commercial world but there are limitations to its use that need improvement. The use of oxygenated additives have improved the burning/fuel qualities of conventional diesel and gasoline. These oxygenates may also improve the qualities of biodiesel. This paper focuses on comparing the fuel qualities such as the density, specific gravity, heat content, flash point, and kinematic viscosity of oxygenate-biodiesel...

A Comparative Study On The Corrosion Of Stainless Steel In 1m Hydrochloric Acid Using Tamarindus Indica (Tamarind) And Terminalia Catappa (Tropical Almond) Leaves Extracts As Inhibitors

ABSTRACT The effectiveness of Terminalia catappa (tropical almond) and Tamarindus indica (tamarind) as corrosion inhibitors for stainless steel in 1M hydrochloric acid at 30°C, 40°C and 50°C was investigated in this research. The gravimetric method of analysis was employed for 20 days at a 4-day interval using 0.9, 1.1 and 1.3g/15mL of Terminalia catappa leaves extracts and 1.4 and 2.3g/15mL of Tamarindus indica leaves extracts. The results showed that the two extracts acted as good ...