Research Papers/Topics in Infectious Disease

Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot s

Abstract We undertook this study to identify the risk factors and prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in HIV-positive and HIV-negative diarrhea patients in the Alice rural settlement in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. A total of 180 stool specimens (35 HIV-positive diarrhea, 125 HIV-negative diarrhea patients, and 20 apparently healthy subjects) were screened for cryptosporidiosis using an ELISA-based approach. Sociodemographic information, water supply, and animal contact were rec...

Ethnomedicinal survey of medicinal plants used for the management of HIV/AIDS infection among local communities of Nkonkobe Municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa

An ethnomedicinal survey was conducted on medicinal plants used for the management of HIV/AIDS infection in the local communities of Nkonkobe Municipality, Eastern Cape Province. Information was obtained through a well-structured questionnaire and interviews administered to traditional healers and herbalists in various regions. The survey revealed 18 species belonging to 12 families. The members of Asphodelaceae (22.2%), Apocynaceae (16.7%), Asteraceae (11.1%), Mesembryanthemaceae (5.6%) and ...

Inhibition of HIV-1 Protease by Carpobrotus edulis (L.)

Carpobrotus edulis (L.) is a plant commonly found in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa and is used for the general treatment of infections relating to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV-1 protease plays an important role during HIV replication and maturation to its infectious form, and therefore inhibition of the enzyme is one of the main focus areas in drug development. +e inhibitory effect of a water extract of C. edulis leaves against HIV-1 protease activity was determined...

Analysis of Some Natural Products for Prevention of Diseases Associated with COVID-19

ABSTRACT: Coronavirus, also known as COVID-19, is a new disease that has crippled almost every aspect of human activities today. Common symptoms of the virus include high fever (38oC and above), dry persistent cough, shortness of breath and sore throat. Recently, additional symptoms which include diarrhea, fever and headache have been reported in South Africa. Medicinal herbs have been in use since ancient times for the management of viral infections related to COVID-19. Nutrient deficiency h...

Is-covid-19-expanding-its-symptom-list-the-case-of-acute-acro-ischemia-and-skin-rash-10774

As the spread of SARS-CoV2 continues to increase globally, newer information gets reported every day. We are learning more and more about the presentation, symptoms and treatment of this infection. Earlier cardinal symptoms of COVID-19 had been fever, cough, and shortness of breath. New findings in its symptoms are now being reported some of which includes neurological symptoms, dizziness and diarrhoea. Of recent skin manifestations due to COVID-19 have drawn the attention of medical experts....

Assessing-the-perceptions-and-awareness-of-covid-19-coronavirus-in-cameroon-8236 (1)

Introduction: COVID-19 has become a global threat to the human population. The virus which originated from China in December, 2019 has swept across continents in the world. Cameroon has been one of the countries with a high infectious rate. Lack of awareness play a major role in the rise of COVID-19 cases. Studies have shown that there exist a strong correlation between the perception of a disease and a ready compliance to health recommendations. Objective: This paper studied the awareness an...

From Ebola to COVID-19: Reshaping Funerals and Burial Rites in Africa?

The coronavirus health crises is really changing the way people say goodbye to their loved ones. This is because corpses of victims who died as a result COVID-19 disease are recognized to be highly infectious and contagious with a great risk of the virus being transmitted by direct contact with the dead bodies. Memorial services are not allowed to be carried out with the presence of the corpse that resulted from the disease. Safety precautions are needed by the funeral homes when wor...