Research Papers/Topics in Ophthalmology And Radiology

Perception of Blindness and Blinding Eye Conditions in Rural Communities

Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the causes and management of blindness and blinding eye conditions as perceived by rural dwellers of two Yoruba communities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Methods: Four focus group discussions were conducted among residents of Iddo and Isale Oyo, two rural Yoruba communities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Participants consisted of sighted, those who were partially or totally blind and community leaders. Ten patent medicine sellers and 12 tra...

Tear Function and Abnormalities of Ocular Surface: Relationship with Subjective Symptoms of Dry Eye in lbadan, Nigeria

Introduction Dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca, tear instability) is a disorder of the tear film due to tear deficiency or excessive evaporation and is associated with symptoms of discomfort and ocular irritation such as feeling hot, dry, gritty or sandy, burning, smarting sensation, itching, watering or tearing.1,2 Dry eye is one of the commonest afflictions affecting humans, especially the aged. It has been observed that over half of the adult population and a large number of tee...

Non-Cardiac Surgery and Anaesthesia in Children with Congenital Heart Disease

Summary Children with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) presenting for non-cardiac surgery have various physiological and functional abnormalities and thus pose great challenges to the anaesthetist. This one year prospective study was undertaken to determine the incidence of CHD in children presenting for noncardiac surgery, the type of lesions and anaesthetic course. Five patients (1.5%) out of a total of 324 children aged from birth to twelve years who had surgery during the study pe...

Trabeculectomy over Consecutive Bilateral Trabeculectomy in lbadan,

ABSTRACT A retrospective study of 26 patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral trabeculectomy over a 5 year period was reviewed. Advantages of simultaneous bilateral trabeculectomy include a shorter stay inhospitaJ compared to consecutive bilateral trabeculectomy: as well as a single general anaesthetic if required and this reduces the risk of re-exposure to anaesthetic agents within a short time. The turn-around time in theatre is also improved compared with separate operations....

Prevalence of Refractive Error and Attitude to Spectacle Use among Drivers of Public Institutions in Ibadan, Nigeria

Abstract Background: High rate of motor vehicle accidents have been associated with poor vision. Studies on drivers from elsewhere other than health institutions have found abnormal visual activities. The aim of this study is to determine prevalence of refractive errors and the attitude to spectacle wear among drivers of public institutions studied. Methods: A cross sectional population study of all 99 motor vehicle drivers from the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and Univ...

Pattern of Ophthalmic Consult from the Ear, Nose and Throat Ward of a Tertiary Hospital

SUMMARYObjective: To study the pattern and indications for ophthalmic referral of patients with otorhinolaryngology problems. Method: A retrospective study of patients who were admitted into the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) ward of the University College Hospital, lbadan and had ophthalmic referral between July 2000 and June 2004. The parameters evaluated were the demography of the patient, indication for ophthalmic consult, and the contribution of the ophthalmologist towards the manageme...

Service Uptake in UCH, Ibadan: A Time Flow Study

SUMMARYObjective: To determine the time flow of service uptake JS assessed by patients in the eye clinic of UCll with the view of identifying delays in service uptake, the reasons [or such delays and ways lo improve services.Materials and methods: Fa ticals at lending the eye clinic of ihe University College II ospita I(VCr f) were selected ((\nscculively and interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire on the amount of time ihcy spent w(liting for the various services uIhc eye clinic an...

Eye Diseases Among Drivers In The University College Hospital and College of Medicine, University of lbadan, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Objective of this study is to determine the pattern of eye diseases amongst drivers of College of Medicine, University of Ibadan (UI) and the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan. Cross sectional study of (99) drivers employed by the two institutions using a semi structured questionnaire and through eye examination at the eye clinic of UCH. Our results show that age range of respondents was from 39-60 years, mean 50.1 +/- 4.78 years. Driving experience ranged from 5 to 4...

Visual Recovery After Cataract Surgery In Children

SUMMARY Objective: To evaluate the visual outcome of cataract surgery in children aged 16 years and below at the . University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan. Methods: A retrospective review of the case records of patients aged 0-16years who had cataract surgery at the UCH Ibadan between January 1995 and June 2006. Results: One hundred and fifty-one eyes of 101 patients were studied. Eighty-four eyes (55.6%) had congenital cataracts, 25.2% were developmental, while 13.9% were secondar...

Estimation Of Sub- Mucosal Layer Spread Of Esophageal Carcinoma Using Computed Tomography

AbstractEsophageal cancer is the third most common gastrointestinal malignancy and is among the 10 most prevalent cancers worldwide (Beasley P. 1997) . the main objective of this study to Assessment of Sub- mucosal Layer Spread of Esophageal Carcinoma using computed tomography . which done to the 35 patients with histologically confirmed esophageal carcinoma ,referred to Alamal Hospital and Alneleen Medical Center, for determine the accurate site and size of tumor for possible treatment from ...

Challenges Of Retinoblastoma Management In A Nigerian Tertiary Eye Care Facility

ABSTRACT Background: Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular childhood malignancy. Its management is, however, not without challenges especially in a developing country like Nigeria. This study sought to present the clinical profile and treatment outcome of patients with retinoblastoma managed in a Nigerian tertiary eye care facility highlighting the challenges with a view to improving the management of the disease. Materials and Methods: Aretrospective, single-institution, and in...

Perception of Blindness and Blinding Eye Conditions in Rural Communities

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explorethe causes and management of blindness and blinding eyeconditions as perceived by rural dwellers of two Yorubacommunities in Oyo State, Nigeria.Methods: Four focus group discussions were conductedamong residents of Iddo and Isale Oyo, two rural Yorubacommunities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Participants consisted ofsighted, those who were partially or totally blind and communityleaders. Tenpatent medicine sellersand 12traditionalhealers ...

5-fluorouracil vs. beta-irradiation in the prevention of pterygium recurrence

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to compare 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) with beta-irradiation in the prevention of pterygiumrecurrence.Materials and methods: A retrospective non-randomisedreview of cases of fleshy prcrygium treated with bare scleralexcision and adjuvant 5-FU were compared with similarmorphologically appearing prcrvgiu, marched for age andsex, treated with bare scleral excision and adjuvant berairradiariou.All surgeries were carried our ar the universitycollege hospital and () julo...

One Year Study Of Ct Scan In Patients Witii Visual Field Loss

ABSTRACT.19 patients from the Neuro-Ophthalmology clinic of theWestern Infirmary, were found during a one year period, tohave various types of vis ual field loss and on the basis of thiswere sent for CT Scanning. 12 out of the 19 patients hadpositive CT Scans, the other 7 had no demonstrablepathology on CT Scan.

Causes of Removal of The Eye In Ibadan

ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to enumerate the causes of removalof the eye in our community and find out ways ofreducing this. 139 eyes were removed at the UniversityCollege Hospital, lbadan, over a 5 year period betweenjanuary 1989 and December 1993. Only 100 of the caseswere available for inclusion in this. study. The age, sex,causes of removal of the eyes and final diagnosis were obtained.Most of the patients (64'10) were below the age of30 years, the youngest being 3 weeks of age...


1 - 15 Of 42 Results