Applied Entomology Research Papers/Topics

Effect of alternative rearing substrates and temperature on growth and development of the cricket Modicogryllus conspersus (Schaum)

Abstract: The increasing demand for animal protein in sub-Saharan Africa has led to insects being considered an alternative protein source for food and feed. In Uganda, chicken mash, containing fish meal as the protein source is commonly used to rear crickets. However, fishmeal is an expensive protein source that is also human food. This study therefore aimed at establishing an alternative preferred (consumed in the highest quantity) plant leaf diet for raising the Modicogryllus conspersus c...

The period of insect research in the tropics: a bibliometric analysis

Abstract: The International Journal of Tropical Insect Science (Int J Trop Insect Sci) is a peer-reviewed journal established in 1980 to promote insect science mainly in the tropics. This study aimed to provide a Bibliometric overview of Int J Trop Insect Sci publications and citations between 2012 and 2020, ending September 2020. A sample of 488 documents extracted from the Web of Science (WoS) was analysed using widely used bioclimatic indicators. The articles were written by 1726 authors....

Traditional ecological knowledge and non-food uses of stingless bee honey in Kenya’s last pocket of tropical rainforest

Abstract: Background Stingless bee honey (SBH) is a natural remedy and therapeutic agent traditionally used by local communities across the (sub-)tropics. Forest SBH represents a prime non-timber forest product (NTFP) with a potential to revitalize indigenous foodways and to generate income in rural areas, yet it is also used in a variety of non-food contexts that are poorly documented in sub-Saharan Africa and that collectively represent a significant part of the local traditional ecologica...

Role of Grasses in Oviposition site selection by Malaria Vectors in Western Kenya

Abstract: Malaria continues to be among the top leading causes of illness and deaths in Africa. Its elimination is challenging in high transmission areas using insecticide-based intervention tools alone. Understanding the ecology and behaviour of disease vectors, including the olfactory cues, are essential for the development of novel, insecticide-free control tools. Recent work has highlighted that selected graminoid plants release volatile chemicals that attract malaria vectors. However, t...

Studies on some Factors that Influence Phase Dynamics of the Desert Locust, Schistocera gragaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

Abstract: The rate and the degree of reversible change in the phase characteristics of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal), on crowding and uncrowding have been compared by two new parameters, aggregation pheromone titre (as measured by released phenylacetonitrile) and haemolymph pigment composition (as measured by absorbance ratio at 460 and 680nm) with colour and morphometrics. Changes in the four parameters followed different patterns. Adults of the F0 generation resulting ...

Studies on the nymphal aggregation pheromone of Malagasy Migratory Locust, Locusta migratoria capito (Saussure, 1884) and its effects on adult maturation

Abstract: The Malagasy migratory locust, Locusta migratoria capito (Saussure, 1884), is the most destructive pest in the Malagasy agricultural production system. The recent plague between 1996 and 2000 during which economic losses amounting to ca. US$ 50 million mainly in rice fields, were recorded, is an indication that, the locust menaces is far from being resolved in Madagascar. Control operations against locusts have focused entirely on large-scale application of synthetic chemical insec...

Colonizing Responses of Maruca testulalis (Geyer) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to Different Cowpea Cultivars in Relation to their Resistence/Susceptibility

Abstract: A comparison of the resistance/susceptibility levels of ten cowpea cultivars to the pod borer Maruca testulalis revealed that VITA l was the most susceptible. TVU 946 most resistant and VITA 5, chola local and kamboinse local rroderately resistant. In all the cultivars which were compared, flowers and pods suffered the heaviest damage compared to the stems. Colonizing responses of M. testulalis namely oviposition, larval orientation, feeding, utilization of ingested food, larval de...

Effects of Plant Diets on Selected Aspects of the Biology of some Species of Phlebotomine Sandflies (Diptera: Pyschodidae) and the Infectivity of Leishmania major yakimoff and Schokhor 1914 (

Abstract: Laboratory investigations were carried out to assess phytophagy and its effects on the biology of phlebotomine sandflies and their capacity to transmit Leishmania parasites. Preliminary trials to determine the optimum working standards in terms of anthrone concentration, exposure period and duration, effect of sandfly species and/or sex and effects of diets on the feeding rate, led to the choice of 1.25% as the concentration (w /v) of anthrone reagent to detect the presence of suga...

Ecology of Malaria Vectors in Relation to an Irrigation Scheme in Baringo District, Kenya

Abstract: A comparative study of the ecology of mosquito vectors of malaria was carried out in the Parkerra irrigation scheme and the Loboi swamp in Baringo districy, Kenya. The swamp was found to be more productive than the irrigation scheme both in terms of species diversity and the relative abundance of individual mosquito species. 

Oviposition Behaviour of Maruca Testulalis (Geyer) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) with Respect to Host-Plant Recognition

Abstract: The oviposition behaviour of Maruca testul ali s on host plant (cowpea), non-host plant s (cotton and sunhemp), and artificial substrates (filter , butter, crepe, and aluminium foil papers) was observed in laboratory and field. These studies were carried out with the aim of gathe ring data on oviposition behaviour patterns e s pecia l ly on how the ovipositing female inter acts with host pla nts, non- host plants as well as potential artificial oviposition substrates. It was also i...

A Biochemical Investigation of the Taxonomy of the Cassava Green Mite Mononychellus spp. (Acari: Tetranychidae) in Kenya

Abstract: Biochemical methods have been applied to elucidate the species systematics of cassava green mite (CGM). Traditionally CGM have been classified using the length of the dorso-central setae (D1-o3 ), which groups CGM into two species, the short setae form, Hononychellus tanajoa (Bandar) and the long setae form Mononychellus progresivus Doreste. However the validity of this method of classification is being questioned because the setae were found to vary from short to long in a continu...


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