Research Papers/Topics in Applied Microbiology

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS IN TWO PERI – URBAN COMMUNITIES IN SOUTH- WESTERN NIGERIA

INTRODUCTION• Human schistosomiasis: a water-borne, parasiticdisease second only to malaria in terms of publichealth importance in the tropics/subtropics.• Over 200 million people infected worldwide.Approximately 90% of these live in sub-SaharanAfrica (Hotez & Kamath, 2009).• Urinary schistosomiasis: caused by Schistosomahaematobium, the most widespread (Van derWerf et al., 2003; Steinmann et al., 2006);transmitted by fresh water snail species of thegenus Bulinus.• Nigeria:country ...

Review on Phosphate Solubilizing Fungi

Phosphorus (P) is the second important nutrient after nitrogen. In plants, phosphorous increases the strength of cereal straw, promotes flower formation and fruit production, stimulates root development and essential for seed formation. Mobility of phosphate ions in the soil is very low due to their high retention in soil. In this regard, P supply through biological systems is considered a viable alternative, and inoculation of Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms, especially fungi to soil, ...

Review on Microbial Production of Organic Acid

The first individual process for citric acid production was the liquid surface culture (LSC), which was introduced in 1919 by Société des Produits Organiques in Belgium, and in 1923 by Chas Pfizer & Co. in US. After that, other methods of fermentation, such as submerged fermentation were developed. Although this technique is more sophisticated, surface method required less effort in operation and installation and energy cost. Organic acids such as citric, malic and pyruvic are used e...

Review on Biodegradation of Organic Compounds and Plastics

Biodegradation is defined as the biologically catalyzed reduction in complexity of chemical compounds. Indeed, biodegradation is the process by which organic substances are broken down into smaller compounds by living microbial organisms. When biodegradation is complete, the process is called "mineralization". However, in most cases the term biodegradation is generally used to describe almost any biologically mediated change in a substrate. So, understanding the process of biodegradati...

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