Research Papers/Topics in Computer Science

Smart Home Energy Management System Using Arduino

AbstractHome automation system is a system that controls by smart device using a mobile application. It can control the home appliances such as light, fans, air conditions, and smart security locks etc. Bluetooth or wi-fi technology will be used to control the things remotely.  Many people were thinking about that technology is taking a really huge part of our lives. It does! we’re living in a modern generation where smart and intelligent systems are necessary to be there wherever w...

Online Social Networks and Terrorism 2.0 in Developing Countries

Abstract The advancement in technology has brought a new era in terrorism where Online Social Networks (OSNs) have become a major platform of communication with wide range of usage from message channeling to propaganda and recruitment of new followers in terrorist groups. Meanwhile, during the terrorist attacks people use OSNs for information exchange, mobilizing and uniting and raising money for the victims. This paper critically analyses the specific usage of OSNs in the times of terro...

Towards Big data Governance in Cybersecurity

Abstract Big data refers to large complex structured or unstructured data sets. Big data technologies enable organisations to generate, collect, manage, analyse, and visualise big data sets, and provide insights to inform diagnosis, prediction, or other decision-making tasks. One of the critical concerns in handling big data is the adoption of appropriate big data governance frameworks to (1) curate big data in a required manner to support quality data access for effective machine learning...

A Novel Design of IEEE 802.15.4 and Solar Based Autonomous Water Quality Monitoring Prototype using ECHERP

Abstract The recent advancement in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology has brought new distributed sensing applications such as water quality monitoring. With sensing capabilities and using parameters like pH, conductivity and temperature, the quality of water can be known. This paper proposes a novel design based on IEEE 802.15.4 (Zig-Bee protocol) and solar energy called Autonomous Water Quality Monitoring Prototype (AWQMP). The prototype is designed to use ECHERP routing prot...

Age Of Teachers Vs Ict Use In Tanzanian Secondary Schools: A Case Of Dodoma Municipality

ABSTRACT The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning has been the main target for public and private schools in Tanzania since the beginning of the 21st century. Since then, however, the achievement of using ICT on teaching and learning has been relatively unsatisfactory due to several reasons including incompetence and poor understanding of teachers on ICT. This study intends to understand ICT literacy level, use of ICT tools in delivering cont...

ICT Usage Readiness for Private and Public Secondary Schools in Tanzania, a Case of Dodoma Municipality

ABSTRACT The use of ICT in education has been proved to be a key milestone in improving the learning process in different levels of education. To tap this opportunity, the government of Tanzania has implemented a number of projects aimed at introducing and using ICT in different levels of education. There have been similar initiatives in the private institutions as well. However, such initiatives have been facing different challenges particularly on the readiness of using ICT for edu...

ETHICAL, SOCIAL, PROFESSIONAL AND LEGAL ISSUES INVOLVING THE SECURITY CONCERN OF ONLINE COMPUTER GAMES

INTRODUCTIONThe advancements in information system technologies into today’s society have given rise to several concerns regarding data security and privacy. However, these concerns relate to protective measures taken with respect to digital privacy and the protection of unauthorised access to databases of information. Regarding information system technologies, computer games have been designed in such manner to collect, process and store personal data of the gamers. This raises seve...

A Salient Invariant Feature Descriptor For Human Action Recognition

ABSTRACTThe dramatic progress of studies in human action recognition has being attributed to challenges inherent with conventional methods such as bag-of-words based description. As a result, researchers in the field of computer vision are still making efforts towards achieving structured interpretation of complex activities between multiple objects. This study proposes Pyramid of Histogram Oriented Gradients (PHOG) computed from Depth Motion Maps in a video stream as a new feature d...

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ROAD MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY OF FERMA, ENUGU BRANCH)

ABSTRACTThe increasing demand for road transport in Nigeria andthe huge Government investment on roads have generatedthe need to encourage road maintenance and sustainability.This project work covers the importance of managinginformation and the importance of keeping past records forthe Federal Road Maintenance Agency (FERMA) and how toimprove on it. And it also cover the following areas: workmonitoring process file, staff information file, road andbridge maintenance file, amount spent file, ...

CROSS PLATFORM MOBILE PHONE APPLICATION USING J-QUERY MOBILE

With today’s ubiquity of smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices, more and more businessesdevelop and use mobile applications. Multiple platforms including Android and iOS form the market of mobiledevices, so it can be important to be able to deliver software for more than one platform. Vendor-supported SDKsare feature-rich but incompatible with other platforms. We compared a number of cross-platform frameworks formostly platform-independent development on mobile platforms, by evaluat...

Global Smartphone Ownership, Internet Usage and It's Impacts on Humans

ABSTRACTSmartphones are nowadays becoming more acceptable due to many features it offers as compared to traditional mobile phones due to the clamor for a portable and faster means of communication. The rate at which the device is being acquired has resulted in significant increase in the number of mobile phone subscribers globally. Therefore, there is a need to ascertain the rate of smartphone acquisition and its effect on the number of people accessing the internet and the resultant impa...

General Design Procedure for Free and Open-Source Hardware for Scientific Equipment

Distributed digital manufacturing of free and open-source scientific hardware (FOSH) used for scientific experiments has been shown to in general reduce the costs of scientific hardware by 90–99%. In part due to these cost savings, the manufacturing of scientific equipment is beginning to move away from a central paradigm of purchasing proprietary equipment to one in which scientists themselves download open-source designs, fabricate components with digital manufacturing technology, and the...

State-of-the-art in artificial neural network applications: A survey

This is a survey of neural network applications in the real-world scenario. It provides a taxonomy of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and furnish the reader with knowledge of current and emerging trends in ANN applications research and area of focus for researchers. Additionally, the study presents ANN application challenges, contributions, compare performances and critiques methods. The study covers many applications of ANN techniques in various disciplines which include computing, science...

A genetic model for Test Data Generation

The use of metaheuristic search technique for generation of test data has been a burgeoning interest for many researchers in recent times. There has been a previous attempt to automate the test data generation process has been limited, having been constrained by the size and complexity of software, and the fundamental facts that in totality test data generation is an undecideable problem. Metaheuristic search technique is high level frameworks, which utilizes heuristic to seek solution...