Research Papers/Topics in Food Science And Nutrition

Development And Evaluation Of The Functional, Nutritional Quality And Consumer Perception And Acceptability Of A Sesame Seed And Peanut Based Complementary Food For Infants 6-24 Months

ABSTRACT Malnutrition among children is still prevalent in most part of Ghana. This is very common in the rural regions of the country where cereal flour is the main source of complementary food for infants. In light of that, legumes such as cowpeas and peanuts are used to enrich the quality of complementary foods to improve child nutrition. Utilization of legumes in complementary feeding come with shortfalls such as the presence of nutritional inhibitors. In this regard, different proc...

Dietary Diversity And Nutritional Status Of Pregnant Women Aged 15-49 Years Attending Kapenguria District Hospital West Pokot County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Dietary diversity is an aspect of dietary quality that indicates general nutritional adequacy. Lack of diversified diets is a severe problem in the developing world, where diets are predominantly starchy staples with few animal products, seasonal fruits and vegetables. The nutritional status of a woman during pregnancy is important as a suboptimal diet impacts negatively on the health of the mother, the foetus and the newborn. There is limited knowledge in the area of dietary d...

Maternal Knowledge On Complementary Feeding Practices And Nutritional Status Of Children 6-23 Months Old, Attending Kahawa West Public Health Centre, Nairobi County

ABSTRACT Worldwide, malnutrition is responsible directly or indirectly for deaths of children under five years. Two thirds of these deaths are associated with inappropriate feeding practices. Interventions that address child malnutrition show that appropriate complementary feeding practices can save up to 6% deaths in under-fives. Attention should therefore be given to decisions taken by the mother during complementary feeding. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine mothers...

Chromium Supplementation In Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Among Patients Attending Thika Level 5 Hospital, Kenya: A Randomized Placebo Controlled Study

ABSTRACT Diabetes Mellitus is a condition with common elements of hyperglycaemia and glucose intolerance. It is the fourth leading cause of death in high-income countries and evidently epidemic in newly industrialized countries as well as economically developing nations such as Kenya. Type 2 Diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. Studies have reported low serum chromium levels in Type 2 diabetics compared to non-diabetic population. Chromium has...

Household Food Security And Nutritional Status Of HIV Sero-Positive Clients Attending Longisa County Hospital Comprehensive Care Clinic, Bomet County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Food insecurity remains a major problem in poor households, and its implications worsen in disease states including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS. More than 10 million Kenyans are chronically food insecure and 1.6 million have HIV. A synergistic relationship exists between food insecurity, HIV, and AIDS. Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDS cause an imbalance of the four fundamental elements of food security: food access, availability, utilization, and stability....

Comparison Of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Exclusive Breastfeeding Between Primiparous And Multiparous Mothers Attending Wajir District Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya

Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond. Failure to exclusively breastfeed for six months is associated with increased risk of childhood mortality and morbidity. There is paucity of information that analyses the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) among primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study aimed to compare th...

Dietary And Care Practices, Morbidity And Nutritional Status Of The Elderly In Igembe South, Meru County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Malnutrition is one of the main factors that contribute significantly to health status mortality and general wellbeing of elderly people. The elderly have a greater risk of malnutrition due to high morbidity rate, lack of care and support, loss of muscle mass that normally come with ageing and physiological changes that derail intake of food, digestion, nutrients absorption and metabolism. Physical disabilities also interfere with their ability to look for and prepare food. For...

Nutrient Intake, Diet Satisfaction And Nutrition Status Of Adult Surgical Orthopaedic Patients Admitted At University Teaching Hospital In Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT Orthopaedic injuries are common globally with the highest prevalence reported in the sub-Saharan region. In hospitals, malnutrition is a significant problem in both developed and developing countries, its prevalence ranging from 20 – 60%. Malnutrition is reported to be common among orthopaedic patients due to disease, inadequate nutrient intake and low diet satisfaction associated with quality of hospital food. Untreated malnutrition is detrimental to individuals, societies a...

Food Consumption Patterns, Nutrient Intakes, Nutritional Status And School Attendance Among Children From Hiv/Aids Affected Households In Kiambu Municipality

ABSTRACT HIV/AIDS has orphaned millions of children worldwide and left many more with ill parents. Sub Saharan Africa is the worst hit. Kenya has an estimated one million orphaned and vulnerable children due to HIV/AIDS. Apart from illness and death of parents, children may be more vulnerable to poverty, face increased risk of malnutrition and miss out on education. The objective of this study was to assess food consumption patterns, nutrient intakes, nutritional status and school atten...

Risk Factors Associated With Rickets In Infants And Children Aged 6-59 Months Attending Kiambu District Hospital, Kenya

Abstract There are increased reported cases of rickets in Kenya coupled with scanty data on its cause. This study was carried out to determine risk factors associated with rickets for pediatric infants and children attending Maternal and Child Health clinic at Kiambu district hospital. A cross sectional analytical survey design was used. Systematic random sampling was used to select 377 infants and children in addition to their mothers and care givers for data collection. Simple random ...

Dietary Practices, Body Image, Physical Activity Level And Nutrition Status Of Postpartum Women In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The global prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased from 6.4% in 1980, 12% in 2008 to 39% in 2014. These statistics show rising prevalence of overweight among women of reproductive age in many regions including Sub-Sahara Africa. Studies indicate sub-optimal dietary intake, body dissatisfaction, less physical activity levels and increase of body weight at postpartum period as the main contributors. It is also emerging from research done mainly in western countries tha...

Determinants Of Complementary Feeding Practices And Nutritional Status Of Children 6-23 Months Old In Korogocho Slum, Nairobi County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Scientific evidence on infant and young child feeding practices from developing countries show that progress is possible when effective strategies and sufficient resources are applied. However, significant gaps in complementary feeding continue to undermine child health. There is limited scientific data on complementary feeding practices and its relation to nutritional status of children aged 6-23 months old in Kenya’s urban slums. The study therefore investigated complementa...

Overweight And Obesity Prevalence And Associated Socioeconomic Factors, Physical Activity And Dietary Intake Among Women In Kibera Division, Nairobi

ABSTRACTOverweight and obesity is an escalating problem worldwide, yet extensive data especially in Africa is still lacking. The main objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated socio-economic factors, physical activity, and dietary intake among women in Nairobi, Kenya. A crosssectional design was used. Data on socio-economic factors of the women, their physical activity and dietary intake patterns, as well as anthro...

Effects Of Dietary Intake And Hygienic Practices On Nutritional Status Of Children Under Five Years In Mukuru Nyayo Slums, Nairobi

ABSTRACTKenya has one of the highest mortality rates among children under five. Inadequate dietary intake and low socio-economic status may contribute to the prevalence of malnutrition. The main objective of the study was to determine the dietary intake, hygienic practices, morbidity and nutritional status of children under five years in Mukuru slums.The study is important for planning and development of nutritional and good sanitation policies. Descriptive research d...

Soybean (Glycine Max) Processing And Performance In Fermented Maize Dough System

ABSTRACT The effect of addition of processed soybean flour on the physicochemical characteristics of fermented maize dough was studied. Soybean flours; Full-fat, Extruded, and Defatted soy-flours were processed and added to maize dough before and after fermentation of the dough. The soy were added to the dough at 0,10,and 20 percent concentrations. The dough samples were also fermented at 0,6,24 and 4 8 hours respectively. Two traditional food products; Ga kenkey and Akasa (Porridge)...


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