Research Papers/Topics in Food Science and Nutrition

Development of Starter Culture for Fermentation of Millet into Fura and Preservation of Fura by Gamma Radiation

ABSTRACT Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) are the most widespread of organisms responsible for food fermentation and have been applied as commercial starter cultures in many food industries. A study was conducted to develop a starter culture for the fermentation of millet into Fura and to extend the shelf life of Fura by gamma radiation. The isolation, characterization and identification of the LAB and yeasts responsible for Fura fermentation was carried out using physiological methods. A brief su...

Process Development and Product Characterization of a Fermented Rice-Based Baby Food

ABSTRACT Oryza glaberrima is a local rice variety that is native to West Africa. Its tough texture androbustness produces milled rice with a large quantity of broken grains when dehusked (polished) accounting for the huge gap in quality. Consequently, imported rice is much more consumed inGhana than locally cultivated and milled rice. The objective of this study was to add value tolocal rice by developing and characterizing a rice-based baby food from low grade locally milledand parboiled ric...

Process Development and Product Characterization of Cowpea Fortified Extruded Breakfast Cereal from Low Grade Rice

ABSTRACT Rice production in Ghana is faced with the major challenge of low patronage. This is due to its poor physical and sensory quality rendering it ‘low grade’ rice. Among the many local varieties of rice in Ghana, Viwonor is perceived to be a low grade rice whereas Jasmine 85 a high grade. Large quantities of rice are imported to address the issue of quality and quantity gap. Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a serious nutritional problem facing many countries including Ghana. Co...

Proximate Analysis of Processed and Unprocessed Samples for Development of Quality Composite Flour

The present investigation was carried out in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition at Mangalore University, Konaje, Mangalore (Karnataka) during 2017-18. To develop quality composite flour, ingredients like; whole wheat (Triticum aestivum), little millet (Panicum sumatrense), moth bean (Vigna aconitifolia) and mango ginger (Curcuma amada) were used. The samples were divided into two categories i.e. batch 1 consisting of washed and sundried whole wheat, little millet, moth bean ...

Development And Evaluation Of The Functional, Nutritional Quality And Consumer Perception And Acceptability Of A Sesame Seed And Peanut Based Complementary Food For Infants 6-24 Months

ABSTRACT Malnutrition among children is still prevalent in most part of Ghana. This is very common in the rural regions of the country where cereal flour is the main source of complementary food for infants. In light of that, legumes such as cowpeas and peanuts are used to enrich the quality of complementary foods to improve child nutrition. Utilization of legumes in complementary feeding come with shortfalls such as the presence of nutritional inhibitors. In this regard, different proc...

Dietary Diversity And Nutritional Status Of Pregnant Women Aged 15-49 Years Attending Kapenguria District Hospital West Pokot County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Dietary diversity is an aspect of dietary quality that indicates general nutritional adequacy. Lack of diversified diets is a severe problem in the developing world, where diets are predominantly starchy staples with few animal products, seasonal fruits and vegetables. The nutritional status of a woman during pregnancy is important as a suboptimal diet impacts negatively on the health of the mother, the foetus and the newborn. There is limited knowledge in the area of dietary d...

Maternal Knowledge On Complementary Feeding Practices And Nutritional Status Of Children 6-23 Months Old, Attending Kahawa West Public Health Centre, Nairobi County

ABSTRACT Worldwide, malnutrition is responsible directly or indirectly for deaths of children under five years. Two thirds of these deaths are associated with inappropriate feeding practices. Interventions that address child malnutrition show that appropriate complementary feeding practices can save up to 6% deaths in under-fives. Attention should therefore be given to decisions taken by the mother during complementary feeding. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine mothers...

Chromium Supplementation In Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Among Patients Attending Thika Level 5 Hospital, Kenya: A Randomized Placebo Controlled Study

ABSTRACT Diabetes Mellitus is a condition with common elements of hyperglycaemia and glucose intolerance. It is the fourth leading cause of death in high-income countries and evidently epidemic in newly industrialized countries as well as economically developing nations such as Kenya. Type 2 Diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. Studies have reported low serum chromium levels in Type 2 diabetics compared to non-diabetic population. Chromium has...

Household Food Security And Nutritional Status Of HIV Sero-Positive Clients Attending Longisa County Hospital Comprehensive Care Clinic, Bomet County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Food insecurity remains a major problem in poor households, and its implications worsen in disease states including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS. More than 10 million Kenyans are chronically food insecure and 1.6 million have HIV. A synergistic relationship exists between food insecurity, HIV, and AIDS. Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDS cause an imbalance of the four fundamental elements of food security: food access, availability, utilization, and stability....

Comparison Of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Exclusive Breastfeeding Between Primiparous And Multiparous Mothers Attending Wajir District Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya

Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond. Failure to exclusively breastfeed for six months is associated with increased risk of childhood mortality and morbidity. There is paucity of information that analyses the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) among primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study aimed to compare th...

Dietary And Care Practices, Morbidity And Nutritional Status Of The Elderly In Igembe South, Meru County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Malnutrition is one of the main factors that contribute significantly to health status mortality and general wellbeing of elderly people. The elderly have a greater risk of malnutrition due to high morbidity rate, lack of care and support, loss of muscle mass that normally come with ageing and physiological changes that derail intake of food, digestion, nutrients absorption and metabolism. Physical disabilities also interfere with their ability to look for and prepare food. For...

Nutrient Intake, Diet Satisfaction And Nutrition Status Of Adult Surgical Orthopaedic Patients Admitted At University Teaching Hospital In Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT Orthopaedic injuries are common globally with the highest prevalence reported in the sub-Saharan region. In hospitals, malnutrition is a significant problem in both developed and developing countries, its prevalence ranging from 20 – 60%. Malnutrition is reported to be common among orthopaedic patients due to disease, inadequate nutrient intake and low diet satisfaction associated with quality of hospital food. Untreated malnutrition is detrimental to individuals, societies a...

Food Consumption Patterns, Nutrient Intakes, Nutritional Status And School Attendance Among Children From Hiv/Aids Affected Households In Kiambu Municipality

ABSTRACT HIV/AIDS has orphaned millions of children worldwide and left many more with ill parents. Sub Saharan Africa is the worst hit. Kenya has an estimated one million orphaned and vulnerable children due to HIV/AIDS. Apart from illness and death of parents, children may be more vulnerable to poverty, face increased risk of malnutrition and miss out on education. The objective of this study was to assess food consumption patterns, nutrient intakes, nutritional status and school atten...

Risk Factors Associated With Rickets In Infants And Children Aged 6-59 Months Attending Kiambu District Hospital, Kenya

Abstract There are increased reported cases of rickets in Kenya coupled with scanty data on its cause. This study was carried out to determine risk factors associated with rickets for pediatric infants and children attending Maternal and Child Health clinic at Kiambu district hospital. A cross sectional analytical survey design was used. Systematic random sampling was used to select 377 infants and children in addition to their mothers and care givers for data collection. Simple random ...

Dietary Practices, Body Image, Physical Activity Level And Nutrition Status Of Postpartum Women In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The global prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased from 6.4% in 1980, 12% in 2008 to 39% in 2014. These statistics show rising prevalence of overweight among women of reproductive age in many regions including Sub-Sahara Africa. Studies indicate sub-optimal dietary intake, body dissatisfaction, less physical activity levels and increase of body weight at postpartum period as the main contributors. It is also emerging from research done mainly in western countries tha...


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