Research Papers/Topics in Geology

The Geology and Petrography of Precambrian Basement Rocks of Gbunchu and Environs in Akwanga Local Government Area, Nassarawa State, North-Central Nigeria.

ABSTRACTThe study area is located within the north-central Nigeria in Akwanga town, Nassarawa state. It lies between Latitudes 8°55'N to 9°00'N and Longitudes 8°25'E to 8°30'E. It is underlain by crystalline rocks of the Basement Complex “sensu stricto”, which comprises of migmatitic banded gneiss, biotite gneiss and gneissic granite. Based on the field characteristics and petrographic studies the area is believed to have attained a very high regional metamorp...

CHEMICAL CLASSIFICATION OF GRANITIC ROCKS AROUND GWADA AREA

AbstractThe geochemical classification of granitic rocks in the Gwada area of Niger State, North Central Nigeria was carried out. The methodology adopted for the research consists of fieldwork and geochemical analysis of rock samples using XRF at Nigerian Geological Survey Agency, Kaduna. Field evidence suggests that, the Gwada area mapped is largely underlain by highly weathered Schist and Granites. The granites occur as an intrusion into the highly weathered Schist in the study area. The ge...

GEO-STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE HYDRO-GEOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF RIVER NIGER FLOOD PLAIN WATER, JEBBA, CENTRAL NIGERIA

The Geo-statistical evaluation of the hydrochemical data of river Niger floodplain water in Jebba and its environs, Nigeria was carried out using Multivariate statistical analysis such as Correlation Analysis (CA), Factor Analysis (FA), Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) and Principal Components Analysis (PCA) to classify the water geochemistry. Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry technique was used for cations analysis while the anions were analyzed by using volumetric analysis. The wat...

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Geochemical Analysis of a selected well sample around the Nigerian delta areas of Nigeria. 

Geochemistry and Engineering Studies on Clay Deposits Around the Ahoko Area, Southern Bida Basin, Kogi State, Nigeria

A  detailed  geologic  mapping  of  clay  deposits  in  the  Patti  Formation  around  the  Ahoko  area  in Kogi  State  (north-central  Nigeria)  was  carried  out  on  a  scale  of  1:12,500.  The  study  area  lies within  the  Lokoja  Sub-basin  of  the  Bida  Basin  between  longitudes  60  51l  and  60  53l  E  and  latitudes 80  18l and  80 19l  N  covering  a  total  land  area  of  about  6.85km2  of  the  Koton-Karfi  N-E...

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Relating Geology and Geological Structures with Regional Episodes: Implication for Groundwater Exploration and Development around Kwal-Kanke Area, Jos Plateau

AbstractThe  study  addressed  the  Geology  and  geological structures around  Kwal-Kanke  area  around  the  Jos  plateau. Three (3) rock types namely; Quaternary dolerite/basic rocks, aplo-pegmatitic  granite  gneiss  and  migmatite-gneiss  were delineated. The  quaternary  dolerites  and  the  aplo-pegmatitic granite  are  emplaced  in  form  of  dykes  with  lateral  extent greater than 3km trending NW-SE and conforms to the trend of the fractures around Ji...

A Report on Using Geographic Information System (GIS) to Select Solid Waste Disposal Site: A Case Study in Techiman Municipality, Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana

ABSTRACTSolid waste management over the years has been a serious problem on the nation Ghana. This solid waste materials are generated by humans in the cities and municipalities of almost all developing countries. In this country, it is one of the most pressing concerns of the government because of the health problems that comes with it when not managed well. In most countries locating a suitable site for the construction of landfills is not easy. With the invention of the Geographic In...

PETROPHYSICAL EVALUATION AND DETERMINING THE DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF OBAMA FIELD SOUTH-WEST NIGER DELTA

ABSTRACTThe logs from three wells of Obama Field, offshore south-west of Niger Delta Basin were studied for the purpose of evaluating the petrophysical properties and interpreting the depositional environments. The analyses carried out involve delineation of lithologies, identification of reservoirs and fluid types, wells correlation and determination of petrophysical parameters of identified reservoirs and interpreting their environment of deposition. A suite of wire-line logs comprising gam...

A Palynology and paleoenvironmental Study of a Section from the Amansiodo-1 Well, Anambra Basin, Southeastern Nigeria

Abstract: Palynological analysis was carried out on twenty (20) ditch cutting samples from a section (1284.73–1496.57 m) of the Amansiodo-1 well, Anambra Basin, southeastern Nigeria with the aim of determining the age,biozone, and depositional environment of the sediments within the depth interval. The laboratory techniques ofdigesting sediments in hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids for silicates and carbonates removal were followed toprocess the samples for the recovery of palynomorphs. F...

GEOLOGY OF KAFIN MAIYAKI AND ITS ENVIRONS, NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA

The study area Kafin Maiyaki and its environs is a segment of sheet 103 Federal Survey Topographical Sheet 103 Ikara NW. The area is underlain by migmatite-gneiss and medium to coarse grain gneiss and has been intruded by a series of Pan African Granitoids. Geological structures observed in the area were faults, joints and veins trending mostly in the NW-SE and NE-SW indicating the effect of Pan African Orogeny. No evidence of economic mineralization has been observed but from the petrographi...

Geology and Water Quality Assessment of Okpoma Salt Lake Areas in Yala Local Government Area of Cross-River State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Geology and Water Quality Assessment of the Salt Lake areas of Okpoma and its environs in Yala Local Government Area of Cross River State has been carried out. The study area lies between longitude 08o 361 E to 08o 411 E of the equator and latitude 06o 321 N to 06o 371 N of the meridian respectively. They belong to the Eze-Aku Group of the Late Cenomanian- Turonian age Southeastern Nigeria. Lithologically the area is underlain by shales and intercalation of sandstone....

Petrophysical characterization of Reservoir Sands of Two Wells in the Offshore Depobelt of the Niger Delta Basin

Petrophysical well logs were integrated in an analysis for the reservoir characterization of C and D wells located in the Offshore Depobelt of the Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria. The study essentially determined reservoir properties such as Lithology, shale volume, Porosity, hydrocarbon saturation and Net-Gross from Well logs with a  view to determining the Reservoir quality. Two lithologies were identified using Gamma ray and Resistivity logs which were sand and shale but minor presence of ...

Aquifer Vulnerability Index: A Method for Groundwater Protection Studies at Uvwiamuge, Western Niger Delta, Nigeria.

AbstractOne major environmental hazard causing serious social problem in oil producing communities in Niger Delta is oil spills. This is as a result of the numerous petroleum related installations. T he the aquifer via pathways along which contaminants flow from the surface to th deterioration of water quality in shallow and vulnerable aquife rs spills contaminate e aquifer causing . Electrical resistivity investigation of the SombreiroWarri Deltaic Plain deposits of the Niger Delta was carri...

Sequence stratigraphic Implication to Hydrocarbon Exploration in the Niger Delta Basin

SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC IMPLICATION TO HYDROCARBONEXPLORATION IN “BETA FIELD”, NORTHERN DEPOBELT OF THE NIGER DELTA BASIN1,2Ukpong, A. J.    and   2Anyanwu, T. C.1. Department of Geology, Gombe State University, Gombe, Nigeria (Sabbatical),2. Department of Geology, University of Calabar, Calabar, NigeriaABSTRACTSeismic and checkshot data, geophysical data and biostratigraphic data extracted from ditch cutting samples, were used for the sequence stratigraphic analysis of Beta-24 well wit...

GEOLOGY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY OF AKANU- OHOFIA AREA, SOUTHERN ANAMBRA BASIN

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1 LOCATION, EXTENT AND ACCESSIBILITYAkanu-Ohofia Area comprises of villages in Ohofia local government area of Abia state. Communities within the studied area include; Akanu, Isi-ugwu, Ndi-uduma, Abia, Ania, Ndiokala, Ndi-orieka, Amankwu and Eziafor (Figure 1). The study area is part of the Southern Anambra Basin comprising of Akanu-Ohafia and its adjoining areas and lies within latitudes 50 31I - 50 36I N and longitudes 70 49 I - 70 54 I E. The Anambra Basin is lo...


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