Research Papers/Topics in Geology

Geophysical Investigation of Road Failure using Electrical Resistivity Imaging Method, A Case Study of Uhiele Opoji Road Edo State

ABSTRACT A shallow geophysical investigation for road surface failure using 2D electrical resistivity imaging profiling was conducted to produce an approximate model of the subsurface resistivity. This study was done with the aim of revealing the horizontal and vertical geological discontinuities using electrical resistivity, an intrinsic property of all materials. Probable zones of untimely failure along the road are then investigated by variation in resistivity. Four traverses were establi...

High Resolution Overpressure Prediction from Seismic Velocity and Field Derived Formation Parameter in the Onshore Niger Delta.

ABSTRACT Occurrence of overpressured formation is common in Tertiary basins (e.g. Niger Delta), which can result in geomechanical problems, such as “kicks”, loss of expensive drilling mud, blowout, stuck pipe, reservoir quality damage, wellbore instability etc. if it is not accurately predicted prior to drilling. This study did a critically re-evaluation of the two commonly utilized methods and practices involve in pore pressure work in the industry. The main aim was to accurately predict...

Impact of Geology on the Stability of Lambata-Minna and Minna-Bida Roads, North Central Nigeria

ABSTRACT The rocks and soils underlying Lambata-Minna and Minna-Bida roads in central Nigeria were mapped with the view to determine their impact on the stability of the roads underlain by them. Vertical electrical sounding was done along the roads to determine the soil profile of the roads and statistics of the roads utilization was also done to infer if the roads are overused by vehicles. The geophysical studies revealed that the soil profiles of the two roads are composed of laterite, sand...

3d Seismic Interpretation and Petro physical Evaluation of Stroh field Onshore Niger Delta

ABSTRACT Petrophysical evaluation and 3D seismic interpretation were carried out on the hydrocarbon bearing reservoirs of Stroh field with the aim of maximizing the benefits of petrophysical evaluation and structural interpretation in the production and development of hydrocarbon in the reservoir of the ‘Stroh field’ in Niger Delta. Eight hydrocarbon bearing reservoirs – sands ST1, ST3, ST6, ST7, ST8, ST11, ST13 and ST14 were identified from well logs and correlated across six Stroh wel...

Mathematical Modelling of Groundwater Flow System of a Water Table Aquifer in Nsukka Area, Southeastern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Two main geological formations outcrop in the area which is within latitudes 6"45'N-7"00tN and longitudes 7O15'E - 70301E, being part of the Anambra basin of southeast Nigeria. These are the Ajalli Sandstone that is of Middle Maastrichtian age covering most of the area and the Nsukka Formation of Upper Maastrichtian age that is less prominent and overlies the Ajalli Sandstone. These two formations belong to the same hydrostratigraphic unit and give rise to thick and extensive water t...

Oil and Gas Exploitation and Production in Nigeria. Recent Development and Challenges Ahead.

For many years to. come, the oil and gas industry in Nigeria will continue to play a mostimportant role in the economy of the country. The prospects for meeting up with an oil reserve base target of 50 billion barrels by the year 2010 as set in the country's Vision 2010 are quite good. The country's deep offshore from all indications will continue to be a beehive of activities for many years to come. However, a lot of the anticipated success will depend in real terms on our abi'lity to cope s...

Geological and Geotechnical Assessment of Some Derelicit Barite Fields in the Abakaliki Basin, Southeastern Nigeria

ABSTRACT The proliferation of abandoned surface excavations in the Benue Rift not only contributes to land degradation and landscape disruption but also results in loss of economic deposits, dearth of mining data and generation of unprotected spoils with known potential to contaminate ground and surface water sources. This study employed field description and measurements, laboratory testing and numerical simulation techniques to evaluate some derelict barite fields in the rift with the aim o...

Environmental Implications of Sewage Disposal Methods in Enugu Metropolis, South-Eastern Nigeria.

ABSTRACT A questionnaire and observational study were randomly conducted on 204 houses to acquire information on different sewage disposal methods used in Enugu metropolis, and to investigate the impact of the sewage disposal methods on available water supplies. The results obtained show that 51% of the resident’s wells are located at a distance less than 9m from the toilets. Samples from 21 different locations in the area were analyzed and studied in order to assess the quality of the grou...

Geothermal Gradients and Burial History Modelling in Parts of the Eastern Niger Delta, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Reservoir and bottom hole temperatures from seventy wells in the Eastern Niger Delta suggests that two leg dogleg geothermal patterns characterize the geothermal gradients pattern of the Central Swamp and the Coastal Swamp in contrast to the single gradient patterns seen in the Shallow Offshore. In the shallow/continental sections in the Niger Delta, geothermal gradients vary between 10 - 18 o C/Km onshore, increasing to about 24 o C/Km seawards. In the deeper (marine/parallic) secti...

Hydrogeochemistry and Impact of Iron Ore Mining on groundwater Quality in Itakpe and its Environs, Kogi State, Central Nigeria

ABSTRACT This work is a hydrogeochemical study of groundwater and the impact of over twenty five years of iron ore exploration and mining on groundwater quality in Itakpe and environs. Measurements were carried out on water samples from eight shallow hand dug open wells, four deep boreholes and a seasonal river flowing through the mine area. Groundwater in the area occurs within weathered rocks, fractured and faulted terraces. Depths to water level in the open wells were generally below 15m. ...

Reservoir Characterization and Simulation Study of the X Reservoir in the Ogbo Field of the Niger Delta

ABSTRACT This study involves the understanding of the stratigraphic distribution of the area by integrating well logs, biostratigraphic data and seismic data to better define hydrocarbon reservoir distributions within the Middle to Late Miocene sediments in ‘’OGBO” Field Coastal swamp Depobelt of Niger Delta Basin. Sequence stratigraphic, geostatistical and structural analytical tool have been incorporated in this study, in order to achieve this. Based on the sequence stratigraphic stud...

Comparison of The Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Coromandel and Kiwitahi Volcanic Rocks, North Island, New Zealand

ABSTRACT This is thesis was done based on the textural, mineralogical and mineral chemistry studies of arc rocks from the North Island of New Zealand. The rocks in the area are of two main groups: the Kiwitahi and Coromandel groups. Both the Coromandel group and Kiwitahi andesites are typically porphyritic with a phenocryst assemblage (20–60%) consisting of plagioclase + pyroxene + Fe –Ti-oxide in a granular groundmass rich in plagioclase laths and pyroxene microcrystals. The Kiwitahi sa...

Investigation Of Geo-Environmental Hazards And Reclamation Of Abandoned Borrow Pits, South - Eastern, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Geo-environmental hazards associated with active and abandoned borrow pits are on the increase following rising trend in road construction. This situation presents a major challenge to Citizens, Environmentalists and Governments. Several highway failures have been directly linked to the action of erosion initiated by active or abandoned borrow pits situated close to roads. This study investigated environmental hazards and reclamation requirements associated with abandoned borrow pit...

3d Seismic Interpretation And Reservoir Characterization Of “Diba Field’’, Niger Delta, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Interpretation of structures and reservoir characterization using 3D seismic cube and well data pose great challenges in mapping because of their complexities especially in structural deformations, and where identification of reservoir facies is a major challenge to plan delineation, field appraisal and development drilling. Thus, the project work takes a model approach. The ―DIBA‖ Field in the Niger Delta contains hydrocarbons that are largely trapped in sandstones and unconsol...

Diagenetic And Provenance Studies Of Sandstones In Parts Of Anambra And Afikpo Basins Southeastern Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study of the textural and structural properties of sandstone sediments outcropping in parts of the Anambra and Afikpo Basins formed a basis for evaluating the diagenetic properties and source areas of the Cretaceous formations (Ajali, Afikpo and Amaesiri Sandstones, Mamu and Nkporo Formations) in the area. Preliminary field studies showed that the studied sandstone sediments were friable to moderately consolidated. Detailed petrological studies in thin sections revealed early...


1 - 15 Of 70 Results