Research Papers/Topics in Industrial Chemistry

Drug Release Agents

          ABSRACTThe purpose of this research work was to examine drug release agents and the several delivery systems for which both natural and synthetic polymers have been employed for their design and fabrications. Under these facts, a large number of delivery systems made from synthetic polymer materials were found to be non-biodegradable, non-biocompatible and thus tend to impose both adverse mechanical and physiological effects on man when consumed especially o...

Jatropha Tanjorensis Leaf Extract as an Environmentally Friendly Mild Steel Corrosion Inhibitor in Acidic Medium

Abstract : The inhibition of the corrosion of mild steel in 1 M H2SO4 solution by Jatropha tanjorensis leaf extract (JTLE) has been studied using weight loss and hydrogen evolution techniques. The results obtained reveal that JTLE effectively inhibited the corrosion of mild steel in H2SO4 solution. The highest inhibition efficiency of 89.73% occurred at 5.0 g/L JTLE concentration at 333K by weight loss measurements. Inhibition efficiency was found to increase with increase in JTLE concent...

TECHNICAL REPORT ON STUDENTS´ INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE SCHEME HELD AT CEMENT COMPANY OF NORTHERN NIGERIA SOKOTO, SOKOTO STATE

TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1Dedication……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….2Acknowledgement…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...3Table of conte...

Ethno Medicinal Claims on The Aerial Parts of RAUVOLFIA VOMITORIA

Establish the Ethno medicinal claims on the aerial parts of Rauvolfia Vomitoria Determine the phytochemical ingredient contained in the plantInvestigate the antimicrobial activity of the plant extracts. 

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL EVALUATION OF CURCUMIN-BISMUTH NANOPARTICLES

Abstract Elemental bismuth has been reported to exhibit antimicrobial activity, but it does so only at relatively high millimolar concentrations due to its limited solubility in water. However, its solubility can be increased upon chelation with other materials like curcumin thereby increasing its potential as antimicrobial agent even at much more lower concentration. In this study, a novel Bismuth nanoparticless were prepared from non-toxic curcumin as stabilizing and capping agent to...

Reverse Osmosis Technology, its Applications and Nano-Enabled Membrane

Reverse Osmosis (RO) is the finest of all membrane filtration system, it is a membrane based technology to purify water by separating the dissolved solids from feed stream resulting in permeate and reject stream for a wide range of applications in domestic as well as industrial applications. The objective of this paper is to review the concept of reverse osmosis and the current developments in the RO membrane materials which are the key determinants in the process. This review paper also ...

Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Spondias mombin Leaves

Phytochemical investigation was carried out on the crude ethanol extracts of the leaves of Spondias  mombin. The antibacterial activity of the ethanolic and the Chloroform leaf extract was tested  against four bacteria; Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi using disc diffusion method. The results indicated that both extracts showed inhibitory activity against clinical isolates of the gram negative bacteria Staphyloc...

The Physicochemical Parameters and Levels of Selected Heavy Metals (Cd, Cr, Mn, Zn and Pb) in Soil around Dana Steel Rolling Limited Katsina

The  physicochemical  parameters  and  levels  of  selected  heavy  metals  (Cd,  Cr,  Mn,  Zn  and  Pb)  in soil  around  Dana  Steel  Rolling  Limted  Katsina  were  investigated  in  this  research.  The  sample  area was  divided  into  four  units;  East,  West,  North  and  South  and  label  as  A,  B,  C  and  D  respectively using  stratified  random  sampling  method.    The  soil  was  digested  using  H2SO4,  HClO4 and  H...

THE EFFECTS OF THREE ORGANIC FERTILIZERS: POULTRY DROPPINGS, CATTLE DUNG AND PIG EXCRETA ON THE GROWTH OF FINGERLINGS OF Clarias gariepinus

ABSTRACTThis research was carried out to determine the effects of three organic fertilizers namely:  cattle dung, poultry droppings and pig excreta on the growth of fingerlings of Clarias gariepinus.  A total of 120 fingerlings of average length (15.3±2.10)cm and weight (34.2±8.73)g were used for the study.  The fingerlings were subjected to three different organic fertilizer treatments.  Each treatment was replicated thrice.  For proper assessment, a control experi...

Heterocyclics Compound Effects in Crude Oil

PREFACECrude oil is a naturally occurring brown to black flammable liquid which is composed of hydrocarbon compounds, non hydrocarbon compounds, organometallic compounds.Various types of non hydrocarbon compounds present in crude oil are organic sulfur, nitrogen and oxygen compound. Traces of this compound causes problem to catalytic refining process in the refining industry. Hydro treatment process is used to eliminate the problems caused by this compoundTABLE OF CONTENT Abstract C...

CORRELATION OF RADON IN PHYSICO CHEMICAL OF WATER (CASE STUDY: IBADAN, OYO STATE.)

ABSRACTRadon is a natural radioactive inert gas that is odorless, colorless and tasteless. It cannot be detected without special equipment and it occurs as a product of uranium decay. Radon is an unstable radionuclide that disintegrates through short lived decay products before eventually reaching the end product of stable lead. The short lived decay products of radon are responsible for most of the hazard by inhalation and ingestion. Radon and its decay products emit highly ionizing alpha-ra...

ANALYTICAL REAGENTS FOR THE SPECTOPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF CHROMIUM, TIN AND LEAD – A REVIEW

ABSTRACTSSome compounds have been proposed as analytical reagents for the spectrophotometric determination of chromium, tin and lead ions. The application of these reagents for the determination of these metal ions is listed and several procedures are described to illustrate the fundamental conditions for the spectrophotometric determination of these metal ions.Key words: Analytical reagents, chromium, tin, lead, spectrophotometric determination, extraction, complexes.1.0 INTRODUCTIONChromium...

Water Treatment and Purification Process: A Case Study of KIWASCO treatment Plant in Kisumu,Kenya

 Water supply and Sewerage services in urban areas have in the past commonly been provided by monopolized Municipal Councils under the previous Local Government Ministry. As part of a general move by the sector to shift to market-led systems by restructuring the sector, a new paradigm emerged to transform water utilities into more modern service delivery companies that emphasize on operational and financial sustainability. This report presents findings on attributes of a well-run Water T...

Production, Characterization and biodegradability of Biodiesel from Mangifera indica Kernel oil

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION             Energy is essential to man’s continued existence. Today, the energy used by most industrialized and developing nations is oil, coal and natural gas. This need of energy is increasing continuously,1 fossil fuel reserves are fast depleting, crude oil prices are soaring and there is considerable uncertainty in their near-future availability. Countries lacking petroleum-ba...


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