Statistics Research Papers/Topics

LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME AND " EXPENDITURE PATTERNS IN GHANA

ABSTRACT Studies into income, expenditure and standard of living of individuals and households are well documented in literature. Many of these studies cover different forms of poverty indicators and variables. The methods used in this analysis were mainly econometric models. The study is concerned with determining the indicators and variables that possibly influence income, expenditure and living standard of households. The objective here is to model the determinants of living standards or p...

ARBITRAGE OPPORTUNITY IN THE GHANAIAN STOCK MARKET AN ARFIMA APPROACH

ABSTRACT Most of the methodologies employed in analyzing stock time series data are based on the assumption of Efficient Market Hypothesis which does not assume long range memory or dependence in the data generating process. However empirical evidence from stock data fails to support the lack of dependence especially in developing countries. This study investigated the long range memory in some selected equities on the Ghanaian stock market using non-parametric and parametric methods. Using t...

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING MATERNAL MORTALITY IN GHANA

ABSTRACT This study evaluated the relationship between possible medical and social factors affecting maternal deaths. A conceptual framework was developed to help identify, classify, model and resolve these factors (by implementing the recommendations). A generalized linear model was fixed using the ‘R’ statistical analysis software. Three data sets (2016 and 2013 data sets on maternal mortality, and a data set on the causes of maternal deaths) were used in the analysis, which showed wide...

USING GENERALIZED ESTIMATING EQUATIONS TO ASSESS THE EFFECT OF THE SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMME AND THE CAPITATION GRANT ON BASIC SCHOOL ENROLMENT. A CASE STUDY OF THE WENCHI MUNICIPALITY

ABSTRACT Education has been defined as the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the process of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. It is an unarguable fact across the globe that a nation’s development rests on the education of its citizens. But for a country to achieve a high literacy rate, basic education, which is regarded as the foundation should be held in high esteem. For this reason, gov...

MARKOV CHAIN MODELING OF HIV, TUBERCULOSIS AND HEPATITIS-B TRANSMISSION: A STUDY OF A REGIONAL HOSPITAL IN GHANA

ABSTRACT This study demonstrated the application of Markov S-I-R model and other statistical methods in exploring HIV, Tuberculosis (TB) and Hepatitis B (HB)disease outcomes using Ghanaian data. Secondary datasets from cohort studies were collected from records from the Ashanti Regional Hospital. Relevant disease metrics as well as transition probabilities were generalized for each disease. Method of Competing risks was used to further estimate the crude, partial crude and net probabilities o...

RANKING INDICATORS OF STATISTICS PROGRAMS OF SOME UNIVERSITIES IN GHANA: A PCA, ROUGH SET THEORY AND TOPSIS APPROACH.

ABSTRACT Rating undergraduate programs of higher educational institutions is a common, albeit argumentative practice. However, prospective students, parents and faculty members deserve the opportunity to compare the relative strengths of the programs and the institutions when making educational and (or) personal decisions. The main objective of this research is to evaluate statistics programs indicators of the tertiary institutions. The researcher actually wants to know which of the indicator...

DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE LINEAR ESTIMATORS IN COMPLEX SURVEYS

ABSTRACT The estimation of multiple characteristics using Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling scheme has introduced some complexities in sample surveys. It requires transformation of auxiliary information into probability measures and the utilization of correlation coefficient between study variables y and measure of size x. Existing estimators of finite population characteristics are rigidly specified by a fixed order of positive correlation between y and x and are assumed effic...

THE Bayesian Approach to Estimation of Multi-Equation Econometric Models in the Presence of Multicollinearity

ABSTRACT The Bayesian approach conveys information not available in the data but on prior knowledge of the subject matter, which enables one to make probability statements about the parameters of interest, while the classical approaches deals solely with the data. Several researches on the classical approaches have shown them to be sensitive to multicollinearity, a violation of one of the assumptions of multi-equation models which often plagues economic variables. Studies on the performance ...

ERROR ASSESSMENT IN THE APPLICATION OF FOREIGN LIFE TABLES IN GHANA AND COMPETING RISK ANALYSIS

ABSTRACT The application of foreign life table in Sub-Sahara Africa had been a major concern all over the world. However, assessing the error for applying the foreign life tables as well as analysing the impact of the leading causes of death on Ghanaian longevity had not been studied. This study aimed at assessing the error of applying Foreign Life Tables in Ghana and analysing the impacts of the leading causes of death in Ghana. A cohort data of 3260 were collected from the University of Gha...

VOLATILITY MODELLING OF PRICES OF COCOA BEANS TRADED ON THE INTERCONTINENTEAL EXCHANGE (ICE)

ABSTRACT  This study compares the performances of ARIMA, ARCH, GARCH, EGARCH and GJR-GARCH on their abilities in modelling and forecasting the volatility of world cocoa bean prices on the London Intercontinental Futures Exchange using weekly averages of prices in Great Britain Pounds from January 1985 through December 2017. It seeks to ascertain whether a model that provides a good in-sample fit necessarily provide the best out-of-sample forecast, in the midst of other models. A number...

MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF FOOD PRICES IN GHANA

ABSTRACT This study is concerned with the evaluation of the price levels of food items in various markets across Ghana. The objective was to determine the main dimensions along which to identify specific markets in which items are high-priced and those that are low-priced. To this end, data on prices in 2008 of fifteen food items in 100 selected markets from all the regions of the country were obtained from the Statistical, Research and Information Directorate of the Ministry of Food and Agri...

EXTREME VALUE ANALYSIS OF TEMPERATURE AND RAINFALL: CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED REGIONS IN GHANA

ABSTRACT  Rainfall and temperature are important climatic factors for crop production and affects humans’ basic needs such as health, shelter, food and water in Ghana. However extreme rainfall causes flooding which can lead to loss of lives, properties among others. Extreme temperature also causes drought, hot and cold spells among others which have adverse implications on human beings and agriculture. It is therefore important to know about occurrences of such extreme events and thei...

Latent Factors That Affect Applicants' Choice of the University of Cape Coast

ABSTRACT  Choice  of  university  education  in  Ghana  is  a  competitive  exercise for senior  High  School  students.  Choosing  it  requires  consideration  of  various factors. The  motivation  for  the  study  is  to  measure  high  school  students’ perception of the University of Cape Coast. To this end, the study focuses on various factors. The objective of the study therefore is to determine the latent factors  that  are  considered  by  the...

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON STILL-BIRTH AND LIVE BIRTH-RATE

ABSTRACT Stillbirth remains a public health problem with an estimate of 2.6 million stillbirths in 2015 of which 98% occurred in low- and middle-income countries and over three-quarters of these occurring in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and south Asia. Further, only ten countries carry the burden of over 65% of total stillbirths in the world including Nigeria in the second position. The objective of this analysis is to estimate stillbirth rates and identify the determinants of stillbirth in Haji...

Determinants of Child Mortality in Kenya: Stratified Cox Proportion Hazard Model

This study explores determinants of child mortality in Kenya using the 2008/09 Kenya demographic and health survey (2008/09 KDHS) data. Cox proportional hazard model is used and stratification method was used to handle the non-proportionality of the hazards. Kaplan Meir log rank test is used to explore the data and determine the significant variables that have association with child mortality to be used in the model. The study establishes that there is improvements in child survival over the...


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