Peace and Development Studies Research Papers/Topics

The Role of Community Arts-Based Approaches to Youth Peace Building: The Case of Kibera, Nairobi County

Abstract: Community arts-based approaches have long been used as a tool for peace and reconciliation. Arts have been used as a way of people to express emotions created by conflicts or as a way of bringing together two warring parties. Despite the use of community arts-based approaches as a tool for social cohesion in Kenya, Kibera Constituency has continued to experience recurring electoral violence which has led to loss of lives and destruction of properties. Given the complexities of conf...

Assessing the Role of the Youth and Religious Peacebuilding in Fostering Peace in Kenya

Abstract: For many years, the youth have been excluded from peacebuilding which led to increased crime, terrorism and suicide, thus influencing the 'global youth in peacebuilding' agenda. In Kenya, the Government has tried to intervene but has not succeeded because of the identity crisis. Moreover. Kenya is a secular state which has a significant history with religion, which formed its tribal personalities, historical characteristics and has a growing population of religious adherents. Howev...

The Role of Development Projects by Non Governmental Organizations in Conflict Management, a Case Study of Yang’at Water Project in Turkwel, Kenya, 2015-2019

Abstract: Over the years, conflict management has become a means of preventing continuing conflicts between waning factions. It is simply a shift from conflict to a peaceful future. It rests on the premise that provision of people's needs eliminates unrest and lawlessness that arise due to limited resources thus preventing a relapse of violence. In many cases involving conflict, particularly pastoral conflict, Non-Governmental Organizations have been at the fore front of mitigating the confl...

The Role of Sports in Promoting Peaceful Interactions and Co-Existence in Kenya (2001-2019)

Abstract: The use of sports as tool of supporting development, peace and cohesion and conflict management has been largely accepted and indoctrinated in government policies. With increase in conflicts across various regions within the country especially during electioneering periods and in pastoralist communities. However, despite this there has been minimal utilization of sports diplomacy as tool of supporting peaceful coexistence and conflict management. The study sought to determine the r...

The Scourge of Small Arms and Light Weapons In Post-Conflict Societies: A Case Study of South Sudan

Abstract: Small arms and light weapons have become the new weapons of mass destruction. Their proliferation whether in war or peace time have continued to ham per human activity and development initiatives? The trend is that an end to war means the beginning of a long lasting peace. However, this is far from the truth because the continued availability and proliferation of small arms in post conflict countries has the potential to destroy lives and draw the country back to war. In many post ...

The Bric Cooperation States, International Trade and Peace Building in Africa: An Exploratory Assessment

Abstract: The emergence of Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC nations) to exert socio-economic and -political influence in global trade and investments is becoming more significant to Africa. There are many factors surrounding the interaction between the BRIC and Africa, which may have certain implications on Western interaction with Africa. The arms that Africans fight each other with and/or their governments are sourced internationally, most of which are illegally acquired. The mobiliza...

Kenya’s Approach in Countering Violent Extremism

Abstract: This study examined Kenya‘s approach of Counter Violent Extremism (CVE) in achieving the intended objectives of preventing radicalization and recruitment of individuals into active participation in violent extremist activities. The study found out that broadening CVE approaches in Kenya could work beyond state-centric interventions that allow a broader space for myriads of actors. The role of the Kenyan government needs to adapt a collective vision and engage community actors to ...

The Implications of Sudan’s Lack of Cooperation with the International Criminal Court on Darfur’s Peace Building Process

Abstract: In pursuit for peace in Darfur, both regional and international involvement has been witnessed after a decade of killings, destruction of properties and lawlessness. Nevertheless, not much has been achieved in terms of restoring peace as a result of these diplomatic initiatives. This study is an analysis of the implications of the actions of Sudan’s government against the issuance of arrest warrants to its leaders by the International Criminal Court, on Darfur’s peace building ...

Facing the Challenges of Transitional Justice Reflections from Post-Genocide Rwanda and Beyond

Abstract: 1.1. Challenges to the Field of Transitional Justice On March 4, 2009, Pre-Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant against Sudanese President Omar Bashir. The President is accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in the conflict-torn Darfur region.1 Not surprisingly, the indictment has caused heated debate. For some, the decision to issue an arrest warrant should be celebrated because it “signals that even those at the...

Peacekeeping Missions in Africa: The Case of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM)

Abstract: Africa has continued to be associated with conflict, human rights atrocities and insecurity. Several African countries including Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Mali, South Sudan, Central African Republic among others are still experiencing armed conflicts and civilians and non-combatants in these countries are in constant need of protection. Of these countries, Somalia has been the most affected and has been described by several security and political pundits as the "hot-be...

UNSCR 1325 (2000) Impact on Women in East Africa’s Post Conflict Peace Building: Case Study of Kenya Post Election Violence (2007/08)

Abstract: The practice of peace should ensure sustainable reconstruction and development through gender-sensitive, responsive and inclusive processes. The purpose of the study was to establish the impact of UNSCR 1325 (2000) on the role of women in post-conflict peace building with a focus on post 2007/08-election violence in Kenya. The research sought to achieve the following objectives: To identify the impact of post 2007/08 election violent conflict on women in Kenya. To establish gaps in...

Logical Framework for Correctional Facility Project

The Nigerian Prison Service (now referred to as the Nigerian Correctional centre/facility) is an indispensable Department of the Federal Ministry of Interior and is headed by a Comptroller General of the correctional facilities. However, right from inception, there seems to be palpable disenchantment among officers and men of the Nigeria Prisons Services and concerned Nigerians due to cases of prison congestion, inadequate funding of prison, flaw on the extant prison laws, and lack of reha...

Rehabilitative Program for Inmates in Otukpo Correctional Facility

The Nigerian Prison Service (now referred to as the Nigerian Correctional centre/facility) is an indispensable Department of the Federal Ministry of Interior and is headed by a Comptroller General of the correctional facilities. However, right from inception, there seems to be palpable disenchantment among officers and men of the Nigeria Prisons Services and concerned Nigerians due to cases of prison congestion, inadequate funding of prison, flaw on the extant prison laws, and lack of reha...

Emergency Preparedness Of Private Security Firms On Success Of Rescue Operations: A Case Of G4s Kenya Limited In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The purpose of thìs study was to establìsh emergency preparedness of prìvate securìty fìrms ìn rescue operations wìth a specìal focus on G4S Kenya Lìmìted. Specifically, the study assesed and examined the influence of the level of emergency preparedness on the success of rescue operatìons by G4S Kenya Lìmìted, examined the influence of emergency preparedness strategeines on the the success of rescue operations and explored the influence of strategìc traìnìng measures ...

Analysis On The Role Played By Non-Governmental Organizations In Promoting Peace In Africa: The Case Of South Sudan From 2011-2017.

ABSTRACT The research analyzed the role played by non-governmental organizations in promoting peace, using the case of South Sudan. Since South Sudan got its independence from Sudan in July 9,2011, catastrophes in the world‟s newest independent country have not ended, the people are still ravaged with inevitable conflicts and wars, due to multiple challenges and other push factors like poorly performing government, disjoint social cohesion, civil unrest and the psycho-social trauma generate...


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