This paper outlines the evolution of additive manufacturing technology, culminating in 3D printing, and presents a vision of how this evolution is affecting existing global value chains in production. In particular, we bring up questions about how this new technology can affect the geographic span and density of global value chains. Potentially, wider adoption of this technology has the potential to partially reverse the trend towards global specialization of production systems into elements that may be geographically dispersed and closer to the end-users (localization). This leaves the question of whether in some industries diffusion of 3D printing technologies may change the role of multinational enterprises as coordinators of global value chains by inducing the engagement of a wider variety of firms, even households.
Joshua, P (2019). Global Value Chains from a 3D Printing Perspective. Afribary.com: Retrieved March 07, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/global-value-chains-from-a-3d-printing-perspective
Pearce, Joshua. "Global Value Chains from a 3D Printing Perspective" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 15 Apr. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/global-value-chains-from-a-3d-printing-perspective . Accessed 07 Mar. 2021.
Pearce, Joshua. "Global Value Chains from a 3D Printing Perspective". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 15 Apr. 2019. Web. 07 Mar. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/global-value-chains-from-a-3d-printing-perspective >.
Pearce, Joshua. "Global Value Chains from a 3D Printing Perspective" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed March 07, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/global-value-chains-from-a-3d-printing-perspective