Influence of Parenting Styles on Bullying Behavior of In-School Adolescents in Ilorin Metropolis

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                                                    i           

Certification                                                                                                               ii

Dedication                                                                                                                 

Acknowledgement                                                                                                      iv

Table of Contents                                                                                                       vi

List of Tables                                                                                                             

Abstract                                                                                                                     

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study                                                                                            1           

Statement of the Problem                                                                                           10

Research Questions                                                                                                    15

Research Hypotheses                                                                                                  14

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                  15           

Significance of the Study                                                                                           15

Operational Definitions of Terms                                                                              16

Scope of the Study                                                                                                      17           

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Preamble                                                                                                                     18

Concept of parenting styles                                                                                        18           

Categories of parenting styles                                                                                    20

Concept and Nature of Bullying Behaviour                                                               28

Types of Bullying Behaviour                                                                                     32

Prevalence of Bullying Behaviour                                                                             33

Influence of Parenting Style on Bullying Behaviour of In-School Adolescents       35

Empirical Studies on Influence of Parenting Style on Bullying Behaviour              

of In-School Adolescents                                                                                           39

Summary of the Reviewed Related Literature                                                           46

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Preamble                                                                                                                     48

Research Design                                                                                                         48

Population, Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                          48

Instrumentation                                                                                                          50           

Psychometric Properties of the Instrument                                                                50

Procedure for Administration and Collection of Data                                               51

Procedure for Scoring                                                                                                52

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                           53

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS

Preamble                                                                                                                     54

Demographic Data                                                                                                      54

Hypotheses Testing                                                                                                    59

Summary of the Findings                                                                                           65           

CHAPTER FIVE

DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Preamble                                                                                                                     68                                              

Discussion                                                                                                                  68           

Conclusion                                                                                                                  73           

Implications for Counselling                                                                                      74           

Recommendations                                                                                                      75           

Suggestions for Further Studies                                                                                 76           

REFERENCES                                                                                                           77           

APPENDIX                                                                                                                 88           

 

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1:           Percentage Distribution of Respondents Based on Gender                55

 

Table 2:           Percentage Distribution of Respondents Based on Age                     55

 

Table 3:           Percentage Distribution of respondents based on Religion               56    

 

Table 4:           Percentage Distribution of Respondents Based on Class                   56    

                  

Table 5:           Mean and Rank Order of the Parenting Styles Experienced by the

                        Respondents                                                                                        57           

 

Table 6:           Mean and Rank Order of the Respondents’ Bullying Behaviour      58           

 

Table 7:           Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and                 

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Respondents                                            59           

 

Table 8:           Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Younger Respondents                             60

 

Table 9:           Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Older Respondents                                  61           

 

Table 10:         Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Male Respondents                                   61

 

Table 11:         Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Female Respondents                                62

 

Table 12:         Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Senior Secondary Respondents               63

 

Table 13:         Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Junior Secondary Respondents                64

 

Table 14:         Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Non-Muslim Respondents                       64

Table 15:         Pearson ‘r’ Showing Relationship between Parenting Styles and

                        Bullying Behaviour of the Muslim Respondents                               65

              

ABSTRACT

Bullying at school is a serious issue for a long time. The relationship between parents and children possesses certain characteristics that explain permanent impact of one upon the other. This study investigated influence of parenting styles on bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Ilorin metropolis.

The study was a survey research. The population of this study comprised all in-school adolescents in Ilorin metropolis while 300 respondents were used as sample size in the study.  A questionnaire titled “Influence of Parenting Styles on Bullying Behaviour Questionnaire” (IPSBBQ) was used as an instrument to collect data needed for the study. The variables taken into consideration were gender, age, religion and class. Mean and rank order analysis were used to answer the main research questions while the nine null hypotheses formulated were tested using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) statistical techniques.          

The findings of the study revealed that parents do set limits for me in terms of behaviours; interact with me very well; and expect me to follow rules and regulations they set out.  The findings also revealed that in-school adolescents do not engaged in bullying behaviours in the sense that, in the last 6 weeks, respondents were not beaten up by someone stronger than they are; subjected to punishment by someone stronger than they are; threaten by someone stronger than they are.  It was also found that there significant relationship existed between parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Ilorin metropolis. Also, there was significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Ilorin metropolis based on age, gender, religion and in-school adolescents from senior school but no significant relationship was found between the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of  in-school adolescents from junior school.

Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that parents are here by encouraged to improve on their relationship with their adolescents and choose the right parenting style that will help the adolescents to behave socially among his peer group and perform well in the academic aspects. The counsellors in educational system should make efforts in ensuring that in- school adolescents’ unwanted behaviours are modified through behavioural modification process. The government  should as a matter of urgency map out programmes that will improve the standard of living of in- school adolescents’ parents so that they can properly cater for their children.

 

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APA

Frontiers, E. & Bose, A (2021). Influence of Parenting Styles on Bullying Behavior of In-School Adolescents in Ilorin Metropolis. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-parenting-styles-on-bullying-behavior-of-in-school-adolescents-in-ilorin-metropolis

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and ALAO Bose "Influence of Parenting Styles on Bullying Behavior of In-School Adolescents in Ilorin Metropolis" Afribary. Afribary, 24 Dec. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-parenting-styles-on-bullying-behavior-of-in-school-adolescents-in-ilorin-metropolis. Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and ALAO Bose . "Influence of Parenting Styles on Bullying Behavior of In-School Adolescents in Ilorin Metropolis". Afribary, Afribary, 24 Dec. 2021. Web. 24 Jan. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-parenting-styles-on-bullying-behavior-of-in-school-adolescents-in-ilorin-metropolis >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and Bose, ALAO . "Influence of Parenting Styles on Bullying Behavior of In-School Adolescents in Ilorin Metropolis" Afribary (2021). Accessed January 24, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-parenting-styles-on-bullying-behavior-of-in-school-adolescents-in-ilorin-metropolis