Influence of School Environment on Academic Achievement of Students of Public Secondary School in Enugu State

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ABSTRACT

 

The study was carried out to investigate the influence of the school environment on academic achievement of students in Enugu State public secondary schools. The design of the study is descriptive while the population comprised principals and teachers in the education zone. The sample size for the study was 600 respondents while a researchers’ self developed questionnaire formed the instrument for data collection. Three experts validated the instrument and a cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient method was employed to ensure the reliability of the instrument. Four research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study; while student t-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses at

0.05   level of significant. A review of empirical studies was carried out to guide the researcher into previous studies in the area and also to provide the researcher with the theoretical base. A 29-item questionnaire was used to get information from the respondents. Based on the data collected and analyzed, the following results were obtained. That staff office, classroom spaces for teaching students and staff common room represented the major areas that to a great extent affect the academic achievement of students in public schools, with regard to buildings. It was also revealed that desks, current books and presence of library assistants constituted the areas of influence to the academic achievement of the students with regard to library services in the public secondary schools. Both the principals and teachers agreed that access to reading materials in the school, lack of facilities, and nearness to school and in sufficient qualified teachers very greatly affect the academic achievement of the students. Inadequate teaching materials were also noted as a major factor affecting the students’ academic achievement. The two groups also shared common views in terms of the great influence of school health services, fencing of school for security and provision of power supply as important variable affecting the academic achievement of the students of public secondary schools. Based on the above, the researcher recommends that schools should be provided with functional libraries, equipped with current reading materials to help enhance both the students’ academic achievement and the teachers’ effectiveness in academic activities in the school.


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

 

i

Approval page

ii

Dedication

iii

Acknowledgement

iv

Certification

v

Abstract

vi

Table of Contents

vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

 

1

Statement of the Problem

11

Purpose of the Study

12

Significance of Study

12

Scope of the Study

13

Research Questions

14

Hypotheses

14

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Conceptual Framework

 

16

Concept of Environment

17

Concept of Public Secondary schools

19

Historical Development of Public Secondary School

20

Changes in Structure of the Ownership of Public Secondary School

 

23

School Building

27

Library Services

28

School Location

30

School Facilities

32

Theoretical Framework

34

Skinnerian environmental theory

34

Review of Empirical Studies

36

Summary of Literature Review

40

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

Design of the Study

 

42

Area of the Study

42

Population for the Study

43

Sample and Sampling Technique

43

Instrument for Data Collection

43

Validation of the Instrument

44

Reliability of the Instrument

44

Method of Data Collection

45

Method of Data Analysis

45


CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS

Research Question One:                                                                                                           46

Research Question Two:                                                                                                           47

Research Question Three:                                                                                                           49

Research Question Four:                                                                                                           51

Hypothesis one:                                                                                                           52

Hypothesis two:                                                                                                           53

Summary of findings:                                                                                                           54

CHAPTER FIVE: Discussion of Results

Extent school buildings affect academic achievement of

Students                                                                                                           56

Extent library services affect academic achievement of

students of public secondary school                                                                                                           57

Extent school location affects academic achievement of

the students                                                                                                           58

Extent school facilities affect the academic achievement of  student in the public schools                                                                                              59

Conclusion                                                                                                           61

Educational Implications                                                                                                           62

Suggestion for Further Studies                                                                                                           65

Summary of the Study                                                                                                           65

References                                                                                                           68

Appendix I:           Questionnaire                              72

Appendix I:           Letter of Introduction to Respondents                              72

Appendix III:         Summary of the zones in Enugu State                              76

Appendix IV:        List of School in Enugu State Education Zones      77

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APA

Frontiers, E. & .N, E (2021). Influence of School Environment on Academic Achievement of Students of Public Secondary School in Enugu State. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-school-environment-on-academic-achievement-of-students-of-public-secondary-school-in-enugu-state

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and EZE .N "Influence of School Environment on Academic Achievement of Students of Public Secondary School in Enugu State" Afribary. Afribary, 18 Dec. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-school-environment-on-academic-achievement-of-students-of-public-secondary-school-in-enugu-state. Accessed 20 Jan. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and EZE .N . "Influence of School Environment on Academic Achievement of Students of Public Secondary School in Enugu State". Afribary, Afribary, 18 Dec. 2021. Web. 20 Jan. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-school-environment-on-academic-achievement-of-students-of-public-secondary-school-in-enugu-state >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and .N, EZE . "Influence of School Environment on Academic Achievement of Students of Public Secondary School in Enugu State" Afribary (2021). Accessed January 20, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-school-environment-on-academic-achievement-of-students-of-public-secondary-school-in-enugu-state