Institutional Variables and Pupils’ Academic Performance in Yewa South Local Government Area of Ogun State

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ABSTRACT

Teaching-learning facilities are essential ingredients in any school setting especially at the primary school level of education. It is based on this fact that this study examined the relationship between institutional variables (teaching aids, classroom environment and library facilities) and pupils’ academic performance in Yewa Local Government Areaof Ogun State.

The researcher adopted descriptive survey design of correlation type for the study. The population comprised 33,736 students in the 44 public primary schools in Yewa Local Government of Ogun State. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 180pupils from the 15 randomly select schools. Research instruments tagged “Institutional Variables Questionnaire” (IVQ) and “Pupils’ Academic Performance Profroma” (PAPP) were used to obtain relevant data.The instruments were validated through content and construct validities by the project supervisor and three lecturers in the Department of Educational Management, University of Ilorin. Test re-test reliability method established yielded 0.72 for IVQ. Inferential statistics of Pearson Product-Moment Correlation statistic was used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance respectively.

The findings of the study revealed that: There was a significant relationship between teaching aids and pupils’ academic performance in Yewa Local Government Area of Ogun State; There was a significant relationship between classroom environment and pupils’ academic performance in Yewa Local Government Area of Ogun State; There was a significant relationship between library facilities and pupils’ academic performance in Yewa Local Government Area of Ogun State.

Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others, that Government should strive towards provision of adequate teaching aids in primary schools so as to arouse the interest of pupils during teaching.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                                                    i

Certification                                                                                                               ii

Dedication                                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgements                                                                                                    iv

Abstract                                                                                                                      vi

Table of contents                                                                                                        vii

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                                                                            1

Statement of the problem                                                                                           14

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                  15

Research Questions                                                                                                    16

Research Hypotheses                                                                                                  16

Significance of the Study                                                                                           16

Scope and Delimitation of the Study                                                                          18

Operational Definition of Terms                                                                                18

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

Introduction                                                                                                                19

Concept of Institutional variables                                                                              19

Concept of Pupils’ Academic Performance                                                               21

Predictors/ Indicators of Academic Performance                                                      26

Institutional Variable and Pupils Academic Performance                                         32

Library and Academic Performance                                                                          36

Classroom Environmental and Academic Performance                                            43

Teaching-Aids and Academic Performance                                                              51

Appraisal of Literature Reviewed                                                                              58

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Introduction                                                                                                                62

Research Design                                                                                                         62

Population, Sampling and Sampling Technique                                                        62

Instrumentation                                                                                                          63

Procedure for Data Collection                                                                                    64

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                           64

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

Analysis of Demographic Data of the Respondents                                                  65

Hypotheses Testing                                                                                                    66

Discussion of Findings                                                                                               68

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary of the Findings                                                                                           70

Conclusion                                                                                                                  71

Recommendations                                                                                                      71

References                                                                                                                  73

Appendix                                                                                                                    76

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APA

Frontiers, E. & .O, B (2021). Institutional Variables and Pupils’ Academic Performance in Yewa South Local Government Area of Ogun State. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/institutional-variables-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-yewa-south-local-government-area-of-ogun-state

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and BADMUS .O "Institutional Variables and Pupils’ Academic Performance in Yewa South Local Government Area of Ogun State" Afribary. Afribary, 24 Dec. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/institutional-variables-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-yewa-south-local-government-area-of-ogun-state. Accessed 20 Jan. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and BADMUS .O . "Institutional Variables and Pupils’ Academic Performance in Yewa South Local Government Area of Ogun State". Afribary, Afribary, 24 Dec. 2021. Web. 20 Jan. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/institutional-variables-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-yewa-south-local-government-area-of-ogun-state >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and .O, BADMUS . "Institutional Variables and Pupils’ Academic Performance in Yewa South Local Government Area of Ogun State" Afribary (2021). Accessed January 20, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/institutional-variables-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-yewa-south-local-government-area-of-ogun-state