Irrational Use Of Antibiotics In Children Under Five In Community Pharmacies In The Accra Metropolis District

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Antibiotics are by far the most common drugs administered to children. They account for about one-fourth of all medications administered to children, with a third of its use in children considered unnecessary. Due to the lack of education of both healthcare professionals and the general population, antibiotics are commonly used to treat a variety of viral infections including: the common cold, cough, sore throat and acute watery diarrhoea in children. Irrational use of antibiotics has long term consequences for children‟s health and could predispose them to early onset diabetes, hypertension and obesity. This study therefore seeks to examine factors associated with the community pharmacist‟s role in the irrational use of antibiotics in children under five in the Accra Metropolis.

Objective: To examine factors associated with the community pharmacist‟s role in the irrational use of antibiotics in children under five.

Method: A cross sectional study using a quantitative approach. It was conducted by administering questionnaires to pharmacists and pharmacy assistants at community pharmacies. Mystery clients were trained and sent to randomly selected community pharmacies. Bivariate analysis using chi-square test was used to assess the association between different characteristics of the respondents and antibiotic use in children. Logistics regression was done to determine strengths of association between the variables. The findings were reported with a 95% confidence interval and with a level of statistical significance set at p

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APA

COLEMAN, K (2021). Irrational Use Of Antibiotics In Children Under Five In Community Pharmacies In The Accra Metropolis District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/irrational-use-of-antibiotics-in-children-under-five-in-community-pharmacies-in-the-accra-metropolis-district

MLA 8th

COLEMAN, KATE "Irrational Use Of Antibiotics In Children Under Five In Community Pharmacies In The Accra Metropolis District" Afribary. Afribary, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/irrational-use-of-antibiotics-in-children-under-five-in-community-pharmacies-in-the-accra-metropolis-district. Accessed 28 May. 2024.

MLA7

COLEMAN, KATE . "Irrational Use Of Antibiotics In Children Under Five In Community Pharmacies In The Accra Metropolis District". Afribary, Afribary, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 28 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/irrational-use-of-antibiotics-in-children-under-five-in-community-pharmacies-in-the-accra-metropolis-district >.

Chicago

COLEMAN, KATE . "Irrational Use Of Antibiotics In Children Under Five In Community Pharmacies In The Accra Metropolis District" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 28, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/irrational-use-of-antibiotics-in-children-under-five-in-community-pharmacies-in-the-accra-metropolis-district