Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Malaria Among Symptomatic Patients Attending Tumbi Referral Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study

Abstract

Background

Despite significant improvement in prevention and control over the past decades malaria remains a significant public health concern in Tanzania with 93% of the population being at risk. To prevent malaria infection and promote malaria free zones, understanding the community’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward malaria control are essential. This study therefore aimed at determining the levels of understanding, and attitudes, as well as socio-cultural aspects of malaria prevention and treatment-seeking behaviours among suspected malaria patients.

Methods

This study was a hospital based cross-sectional study, in which patients attending Tumbi Referral Hospital with symptoms and signs that warrant inclusion of suspicion of malaria, were recruited. We used a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire to collect participants’ demographic characteristics, as well as information on their knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards malaria infection. Data were analysed using Stata Version 12.1.

Results

We enrolled a total of 295 respondents of which 179 (60.68%) were females. Participants’ ages ranged from 1–91 years, with a mean of 31.4 years. Seventy-nine (26.8%) patients reported having malaria in the previous 28 days, with 57 (72.2%) being laboratory confirmed. Only 52 (65.8%) individuals reported taking prescribed medications for malaria. A total of 277 (93.90%) were aware of malaria, and 264 (95.31%) knew that it is transmitted by mosquito. Nearly all participants (263, 94.95%), identified sleeping under bed nets to be protective against malaria. About half of the respondents either agreed 63 (22.74%) or strongly agreed 62 (22.38%) that malaria can be transmitted like the common cold. Self-reported mosquito net use was 88.09% (244).

Conclusion

Despite the endemicity of malaria in our study site, patients had adequate knowledge, encouraging attitudes, and good practices related to malaria prevention and control

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APA

MunisiI, D (2021). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Malaria Among Symptomatic Patients Attending Tumbi Referral Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-malaria-among-symptomatic-patients-attending-tumbi-referral-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study

MLA 8th

MunisiI, David "Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Malaria Among Symptomatic Patients Attending Tumbi Referral Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study" Afribary. Afribary, 26 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-malaria-among-symptomatic-patients-attending-tumbi-referral-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study. Accessed 25 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

MunisiI, David . "Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Malaria Among Symptomatic Patients Attending Tumbi Referral Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study". Afribary, Afribary, 26 Apr. 2021. Web. 25 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-malaria-among-symptomatic-patients-attending-tumbi-referral-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study >.

Chicago

MunisiI, David . "Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Malaria Among Symptomatic Patients Attending Tumbi Referral Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-malaria-among-symptomatic-patients-attending-tumbi-referral-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study