Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report

Lake Chad (in French: Lac Tchad) is a large, shallow lake in Africa. It is economically very important, providing water to more than 20 million people living in the four countries which surround it — Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria. It is located mainly in the far west of Chad, bordering on north eastern Nigeria. The Chari River is its largest source of water, providing over 90% of Lake Chad's water. The lake possesses many small islands and mud banks, and its shorelines are largely composed of marshes. Because it is very shallow — only 10.5 metres (34 ft) at its deepest — its area is particularly sensitive to small changes in average depth, and it consequently also shows seasonal fluctuations in size. Lake Chad has no apparent outlet, but its waters percolate into the Soro and Bodélé depressions.

Lake Chad gave its name to the country of Chad. The name Chad is a local word meaning "large expanse of water," in others words simply "lake."

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Sobiye, L. (2018). Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report. Afribary. Retrieved from

MLA 8th

Sobiye, Lawrence "Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report" Afribary. Afribary, 14 Apr. 2018, Accessed 14 Jul. 2024.


Sobiye, Lawrence . "Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report". Afribary, Afribary, 14 Apr. 2018. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. < >.


Sobiye, Lawrence . "Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report" Afribary (2018). Accessed July 14, 2024.