Introduction: malnutrition in children has become a major public health issue accounting
for about 30% of mortality among under-five children worldwide. Bilateral pitting oedema
of nutritional origin or a mid-upper-arm circumference of less than 110mm in children age
1-5years are ways to identify the presence of Severe Acute Malnutrition. Children with
SAM do not only turn to be susceptible to diseases and death but may be likely to have
abnormal cognitive development, poor performance in school and makes children attain
little intellectually in later age. This study therefore seeks to assess the management of
Severe Acute Malnutrition among children under five in the Tolon district.
Method: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study design using quantitative research
tools. Simple random sampling strategy was used to recruit 182 caregivers of children
under five with SAM condition in the Tolon district in the Northern region of Ghana. Data
from administered questionnaires was analyzed using STATA version 13.
Findings: The study found difficulty in food acquisition to be one major risk factor of
SAM in the Tolon district. Number of children a caregiver has was significantly associated
with the number of times child feed in a day (p<0.006). Caregiver’s occupation was
significantly associated with child’s first introduction to water (p<0.011) and child’s first
introduction to household foods (p<0.001)
Conclusion/Recommendation: Management of SAM should be geared toward educating
caregivers to increase their knowledge on the condition and its management in order to
sustain SAM management practices after the children are treated and discharged.
Edu, F (2021). Management Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Under Five In The Tolon District. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-under-five-in-the-tolon-district
Frontiers, Edu. "Management Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Under Five In The Tolon District" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-under-five-in-the-tolon-district . Accessed 13 May. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Management Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Under Five In The Tolon District". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-under-five-in-the-tolon-district >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Management Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Under Five In The Tolon District" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-under-five-in-the-tolon-district