Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases

Chioma Onyishi 35 PAGES (7548 WORDS) Seminar
Subscribe to access this work and thousands more

  ABSTRACT

The basic idea of healthcare facilities which is to make people well is on the verge of being defeated as a result of patients contracting infections while in healthcare settings. Nosocomial infections are infections acquired by patients or healthcare workers while they are in healthcare facilities, including, hospitals, dental offices, nursing homes and doctors’ waiting rooms. Infectious diseases are diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi that can be spread directly or indirectly from one person to another. Some common infectious nosocomial diseases include diarrhoea, gastroenteritis, Ebola virus disease, Group A Streptococcal infections, etc. The four major types of nosocomial infections are urinary tract infection, surgical site infection, respiratory tract infection and blood stream infection. These infections can be caused by agents such as staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, pseudomonas aeruginosa, clostridium difficile, etc. Infectious diseases undergo five main stages which are incubation period, prodromal period, illnss, decline and convalescence. Nosocomial infections act as one of the factors responsible for the spread of infectious diseases through direct contact with infected individuals in the healthcare setting or indirect contact with contaminated surfaces or invasive devices. The sources are grouped into endogenous and exogenous. Prevention is through hand hygiene, isolation, vaccination of staff, use of PPE, etc. Optimal use of antimicrobials, de-escalation process, removal of catheters and healthy diets are ways of treating nosocomial infections. It is very important to note that the most important factor in the fight against potentially fatal infections is ensuring that antibiotics are used appropriately through controlled prescribing and policies.


                                                       

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- i

Approval page------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ii

Dedication----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iii

Acknowledgements------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ iv

Table of contents--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- v

List of figures------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- vii

List of tables-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- viii

Abstract--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ix

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1

1.1 Nosocomial Infection----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2

1.2 Infectious Diseases-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3

CHAPTER TWO

Infectious Nosocomial Diseases---------------------------------------------------------------- 4

2.1 Types of Nosocomial Infections---------------------------------------------------------------- 5

2.2 Agents of Nosocomial Infections--------------------------------------------------------------- 9

2.3 Stages of Infectious Diseases------------------------------------------------------------------- 12

CHAPTER THREE

Nosocomial Infections as a Factor in the Spread of Infectious Diseases----------------- 14

3.1 Factors Influencing Nosocomial Infections--------------------------------------------------- 15

3.2 Sources of Nosocomial Infections------------------------------------------------------------- 15

3.3 Causes of Nosocomial Infections-------------------------------------------------------------- 17

CHAPTER FOUR

Prevention of Nosocomial Infections--------------------------------------------------------- 18

4.1 Control of Nosocomial Infections------------------------------------------------------------- 22

4.2 Treatments of Nosocomial Infections--------------------------------------------------------- 24

CONCLUSION--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 26

REFERENCES---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27

                                                      LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8

Figure 2----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13

Figure 3----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 16

Figure 4----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20

  LIST OF TABLES

Table 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Chioma, O (2019). Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases. Afribary.com: Retrieved October 20, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/nosocomial-infections-as-a-factor-in-the-spread-of-infectious-diseases

MLA 8th

Onyishi, Chioma. "Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 03 Aug. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/nosocomial-infections-as-a-factor-in-the-spread-of-infectious-diseases . Accessed 20 Oct. 2019.

MLA7

Onyishi, Chioma. "Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 03 Aug. 2019. Web. 20 Oct. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/nosocomial-infections-as-a-factor-in-the-spread-of-infectious-diseases >.

Chicago

Onyishi, Chioma. "Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed October 20, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/nosocomial-infections-as-a-factor-in-the-spread-of-infectious-diseases