Pathological Characteristics Of Prostate Carcinoma In Archival Tissues At The Africa Inland Church Kijabe Hospital, Kiambu County - Kenya

ABSTRACT

Prostate carcinoma (PCa) is the leading cancer among middle and elderly men worldwide. It accounts for 15% of all cancer cases and 6.6% of all cancer associated-deaths in men. PCa is a leading cause of cancer burden among men in Africa with Kenya reporting an incidence of 16.6/100,000. The exceedingly high burden of PCa is largely due to lack of population-based screening and delayed diagnosis in the background of genetic and environmental predisposing factors. Histopathological features of PCa offer prognostic indicators while immunohistochemical (IHC) staining provide insights into the molecular characteristics of PCa which have both prognostic and predictive value in the management of PCa. The androgen receptor (AR), Human epidermal growth receptor (HER2/neu), and protein p53 genes are among the most important genes regulating PCa pathogenesis. IHC staining patterns of these gene products have been associated with different therapeutic and prognostic outcomes. This cross-sectional study determined the histopathological and AR, HER2 and p53 IHC expression on archival simple prostatectomy specimens (n=210) at AIC Kijabe Hospital, a tertiary faith-based health facility in Kiambu County, Kenya. Patient demographic and gross characteristics of the prostatectomy specimens were obtained from the patient files. The tissue blocks (n=210) were retrieved, sectioned and stained using standard H&E and immunohistochemical staining protocols. The slides were then examined using light microscopy and histopathological and immunohistochemical features recorded. Data analyses showed that the median age of the subjects was 74.0 years (44.0 – 99.0). Ethnic groups were represented as follows; Bantu (68.0%), Nilotes (31.0%) and Cushites (1%). Histopathologically, 97.6% of the PCa were of acinar adenocarcinoma type with the rest being of ductal adenocarcinoma type. Perineural invasion (PNI) was present in 57.6% of the PCa while 25.2% had lymphovascular invasion (LVI). Low grade PCa (Gleason score

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APA

KITUKU, N (2021). Pathological Characteristics Of Prostate Carcinoma In Archival Tissues At The Africa Inland Church Kijabe Hospital, Kiambu County - Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/pathological-characteristics-of-prostate-carcinoma-in-archival-tissues-at-the-africa-inland-church-kijabe-hospital-kiambu-county-kenya

MLA 8th

KITUKU, NZIOKA "Pathological Characteristics Of Prostate Carcinoma In Archival Tissues At The Africa Inland Church Kijabe Hospital, Kiambu County - Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 31 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/pathological-characteristics-of-prostate-carcinoma-in-archival-tissues-at-the-africa-inland-church-kijabe-hospital-kiambu-county-kenya. Accessed 27 May. 2024.

MLA7

KITUKU, NZIOKA . "Pathological Characteristics Of Prostate Carcinoma In Archival Tissues At The Africa Inland Church Kijabe Hospital, Kiambu County - Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 31 May. 2021. Web. 27 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/pathological-characteristics-of-prostate-carcinoma-in-archival-tissues-at-the-africa-inland-church-kijabe-hospital-kiambu-county-kenya >.

Chicago

KITUKU, NZIOKA . "Pathological Characteristics Of Prostate Carcinoma In Archival Tissues At The Africa Inland Church Kijabe Hospital, Kiambu County - Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 27, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/pathological-characteristics-of-prostate-carcinoma-in-archival-tissues-at-the-africa-inland-church-kijabe-hospital-kiambu-county-kenya