Pattern of intensive phase treatment outcomes of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in University of Port Harcourt Treatment Centre

Chinedu Ibeh 10 PAGES (3184 WORDS) Essay/Paper
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ABSTRACT

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Background: Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is currently a global menace and poses significant risk to persons living in Sub-Saharan Africa. It occurs largely from failure of conventional treatment of tuberculosis. Its emergence further threatens TB control and prevention.

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the pattern of intensive-phase treatment outcomes among hospitalized MDR-TB patients in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) treatment centre in Rivers State, South-South Nigeria. 

Methodology: This study was a retrospective review of records of patients with MDR-TB admitted from March 2014 till 2016. Data on patients’ age, sex, HIV status, treatment outcomes were extracted from the hospital book records into a computer data sheet at the UPTH treatment centre. Chi square and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were performed as appropriate with statistical significance level at 0.05.

Results: The study had a total of 107 MDR-TB patients’ records comprising 57 males (53.3%) and 50 females (46.7%). The mean age was 35.97±11.81 years. Thirty-eight percent of the female patients and 25.5% of the male patients were HIV positive. Pattern of treatment outcomes at the end of the intensive phase treatment showed that 76% of the MDR-TB patients were cured, 3% were lost to follow-up, 3% had treatment failure, and 15% died. 

Conclusion: There is a need to further strengthen multi-drug resistant management in the face of its emergence and global epidemic through collaboration with international and non-governmental agencies.

 

Key words: MDR-TB, treatment, Nigeria

 

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APA

Chinedu, I (2018). Pattern of intensive phase treatment outcomes of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in University of Port Harcourt Treatment Centre. Afribary.com: Retrieved October 23, 2018, from https://afribary.com/works/pattern-of-intensive-phase-treatment-outcomes-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-university-of-port-harcourt-treatment-centre

MLA 8th

Ibeh, Chinedu. "Pattern of intensive phase treatment outcomes of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in University of Port Harcourt Treatment Centre" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 27 Mar. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/pattern-of-intensive-phase-treatment-outcomes-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-university-of-port-harcourt-treatment-centre . Accessed 23 Oct. 2018.

MLA7

Ibeh, Chinedu. "Pattern of intensive phase treatment outcomes of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in University of Port Harcourt Treatment Centre". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 27 Mar. 2018. Web. 23 Oct. 2018. < https://afribary.com/works/pattern-of-intensive-phase-treatment-outcomes-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-university-of-port-harcourt-treatment-centre >.

Chicago

Ibeh, Chinedu. "Pattern of intensive phase treatment outcomes of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in University of Port Harcourt Treatment Centre" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed October 23, 2018. https://afribary.com/works/pattern-of-intensive-phase-treatment-outcomes-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-university-of-port-harcourt-treatment-centre