PG Paper

Musa Umar Wushishi 74 PAGES (16611 WORDS) Thesis
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ABSTRACT

Rapid increase in population, in conjunction with increase in the rate of urbanization, has led to unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of Minna town. These have also resulted in the gradual loss of open spaces in the city, due to quest for built up area. The aim of the research is to assess the rate and pattern of urban green space conversion in Minna metropolis, with a view to generating adequate information that would facilitate and improve urban land management. The objective of this study was to assess the rate in extent and pattern of green space changes of Minna metropolis. In this research, examination of Minna masterplan of 1979-2000 was done to check the level of adherence and the current development in the study area, landsat images of 2001 and 2009 were classified and current land use map and types were produced and compared with the provisions of the masterplan in order to determine and calculate the percentage rate of changes. The finding shows great discrepancies which about 13.57 sq km is being lost every year at the expense of urban green space. The significant decrease that occurred in extent of urban green spaces result in downgrading and destruction of the functions and services these areas provide. It is fundamentally important that open spaces within the built environment in cities be created and improved to enhance the quality of the environment as well as the life of the people. The government, private individual and non-governmental organization should be encouraged to engage in development of this important element in urban environment. The government should also encourage strict planning control in urban development.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           i

Declaration      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           ii

Certification    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iii

Approval         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iv

Acknowledgement      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           v

Dedication      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           vi

Table of Contents       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           vii

List of Tables  -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           x

List of Figures             -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           xi

List of Plates   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           xii

Abstract          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           xiii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION   -             -           -           -           -           -           -           -           1

1.1Background of the study   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           1                                                                                           

1.2 Statement of the Research problem -        -           -           -           -           -           4           

1.3 Aim and Objectives          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           6

1.4 Significance of the study -           -           -           -           -           -           -           6

1.5 Research questions -         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           7

1.6 The Study area      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           8

1.6.1 Historical background    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           8

1.6.2 Location and size           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           9

1.6.3 Climate   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           9

1.6.4 Topography        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           9

1.6.5 Population          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           11

1.6.6 Occupation-       -           -           -           -           -           -                                   11

CHAPTER TWO

THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAME WORKS AND LITERATURE REVIEW      -                       -            -           -           -           -           -           -           12

2.1 Urban Open Space            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           12

2.2 The Concept of Urban Open Space          -           -           -           -           -           13

2.3 The Concept of Green Space in Urban Landscape           -           -           -           16

2.4 Historical Overview of Open Space in Nigeria    -           -           -           -           17

2.5 The Need of Open Space Development in Nigeria          -                       -           18

2.6 Urban Public Parks Development in Nigeria        -           -           -           -           19

2.7 Functions of Urban Open Space   -           -           -           -           -           -           20

2.7.1 Environmental and Ecological Functions          -           -           -           -           20

2.7.2 Social and Societal Functions    -           -           -           -           -           -           21

2.7.3 Structural and Aesthetic Functions       -           -           -           -           -           21

2.8 The Value of Open Space -           -           -           -           -           -           -           21

2.8.1 The Economic Value of Open Space     -           -           -           -           -           21

2.8.2 Open Space Value as a Natural System -           -           -           -           -           22

2.8.3 Open Space as a Recreational Value     -           -          -           -           -           22

2.9 Urban Open Space Conversion     -           -           -           -           -           -           23

2.10 Review of Methods used In Urban Green Space Conversion Studies   -           25

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH DESIGN, PROCEDURE AND METHODS -           -           -           29

3.1 Introduction          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           29

3.2 Research Design   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           29

3.3 Description of Research Subject/Population-       -           -           -           -           29

3.4 Procedure for Sampling    -      -    -           -           -           -           -           -           30

3.5 Procedure for Data Collection-     -           -           -           -           -           -           30

3.6 Procedure for Data Analysis and Handling-        -           -           -           -           32

3.6.1 Pre-interpretation stage  -           -           -           -           -           -           -           32

3.6.2 Identification, Measurement, Classification, and Checking for

          accuracy in   Classification       -           -           -           -           -           -           33

3.7 Land use classification of 2001 and 2009 Landsat images          -           -           35

CHAPTER FOUR   

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION       -           -           -           -           -           -           36

4.1 Introduction          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           36

4.2 Examination of Minna masterplan of 1979-200   -           -           -           -           36

4.2.1 Land Use cover of Minna as at 1979     -           -           -           -           -           37

4.2.2 Expansion of Minna Metropolis            -           -           -           -           -           39

4.3 Changes of Urban Green Space of Minna metropolis      -           -           -           40

4.3.1 Determination of Urban Green Space Changes in Minna metropolis    -           41

4.4 Examination of existing Land Use of Minna Metropolis -           -           -           43

4.4.1 Production of Current Land Use Map of Minna Metropolis     -           -           45

4.4.2 Image Processing of 2001 and 2009 Landsat images    -           -           -           46

4.4.3 Assessment of Land Use Cover of Minna using Landsat images

         of 2001 and 2009           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           48

4.4.4 Analysis of Current Land Use of Minna Metropolis     -           -           -           51

4.5 Assessment of Rate of Change and pattern of conversion           -           -           52

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS      -           -           55

5.1 Summary   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           55

5.2 Conclusion            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           56

5.3 Recommendations            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           57

REFERENCES        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           59

APPENDIX   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           63

LIST OF TABLES

Table 3.1: Description of satellite imagery used in this study-           -           -           31

Table 3.2: Land Cover Classification Scheme-           -           -           -           -           33                         

Table 3.3: Land Cover Classification of Minna Metropolis   -           -           -           34

Table 4.1: Major Land Use of Minna in 1979            -           -           -           -           37

Table 4.2: Estimated population of Minna     -           -           -           -           -           39

Table 4.3: Distortions in the implementation of 1979-2000 Minna masterplan          40

Table 4.4: Land Use Cover of Minna in some previous years            -           -           45                                                     

Table 4.5: Land Use Classification of Minna 2001 Landsat image    -           -           49

Table 4.6: Land Use Classification of Minna 2009 Landsat image    -           -           50                    

Table 4.7: Current Land Use Types of Minna Mtropolis        -           -           -           51                                          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Minna metropolis in Niger state      -           -           -           -           -           10

Figure 2: Old and New neighbourhood of Minna      -           -           -           -           44

Figure 3: Land use map of Minna metropolis as at 2009        -           -           -           48

Figure 4: Current landuse types of Minna metropolis            -           -           -           50

Figure 5: Map of Minna showing city’s recreational areas and their condition          53

Figure 6: Analysis of Rate of Change                        -           -           -           -           -           54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF PLATES

Plate 1: Cluster Analysis Result of 2001 Landsat image        -           -           47

Plate 2: Cluster Analysis Result of 2009 Landsat image        -           -           47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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APA

Musa, U (2018). PG Paper. Afribary.com: Retrieved January 17, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/pg-paper

MLA 8th

Umar Wushishi, Musa. "PG Paper" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 18 Dec. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/pg-paper . Accessed 17 Jan. 2019.

MLA7

Umar Wushishi, Musa. "PG Paper". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 18 Dec. 2018. Web. 17 Jan. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/pg-paper >.

Chicago

Umar Wushishi, Musa. "PG Paper" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed January 17, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/pg-paper