Pollution status of shooting range soils from Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn found in ammunition

Abstract:

Evaluation of concentration of heavy metals found in shooting range soil

is important in assessing the pollution risk posed to biota. Soil samples from five

shooting ranges found in Botswana were used in this study. All the five shooting

ranges accumulated high concentration of Cu ranging from 67.4 ± 0.05 mg/kg to

1569 ± 13 mg/kg followed by Mn (25.9 ± 0.1–953.8 ± 2.8 mg/kg). Pollution risk

indices were used to quantify the environmental pollution risk posed by the differ-

ent heavy metals studied. It was established that even though all the five shooting

ranges recorded low concentrations of Cd, this metal still posed the highest pollu-

tion risk than any other metal with S/P shooting range recording the highest

potential ecological risk index (peri) of 8141 (CCd ~ 3.6 ± 0.03 mg/kg) and TAB at PERI

of 3507 (CCd ~ 4.9 ± 0.02 mg/kg). Similarly, contamination factor (CF) value of 271 for

Cd was measured at S/P shooting range indicating high contamination from Cd.

Pollution risk indices were able to establish that even though concentration of Cd

accumulated in the soil was low this heavy metal still posed highest pollution risk to

biota. Continuous assessment of the pollution status of these shooting ranges

should be carried out in order to establish appropriate best shooting range man-

agement practices and remedial strategies.

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APA

Pogisego, D (2024). Pollution status of shooting range soils from Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn found in ammunition. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/pollution-status-of-shooting-range-soils-from-cd-cu-mn-ni-and-zn-found-in-ammunition

MLA 8th

Pogisego, Dinake "Pollution status of shooting range soils from Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn found in ammunition" Afribary. Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/pollution-status-of-shooting-range-soils-from-cd-cu-mn-ni-and-zn-found-in-ammunition. Accessed 22 May. 2024.

MLA7

Pogisego, Dinake . "Pollution status of shooting range soils from Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn found in ammunition". Afribary, Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024. Web. 22 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/pollution-status-of-shooting-range-soils-from-cd-cu-mn-ni-and-zn-found-in-ammunition >.

Chicago

Pogisego, Dinake . "Pollution status of shooting range soils from Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn found in ammunition" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/pollution-status-of-shooting-range-soils-from-cd-cu-mn-ni-and-zn-found-in-ammunition