Potential side effects of the interaction between Phthorimaea absoluta parasitoids: the exotic Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris and the native Bracon nigricans

Abstract:

The coexistence and efficiency in pest control of introduced and native parasitoids can be challenging. Continuous observations of the cohabitation of parasitoid species could confirm the persistence of the introduced parasitoid in the ecosystem under co-existence scenarios. This study provides an example of such a co-existence for biocontrol of the invasive pest, Phthorimaea absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Two parasitoids, the introduced endoparasitoid Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris (Marsh) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and the native ectoparasitoid Bracon nigricans Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) were released in cages containing a tomato plant infested with P. absoluta. Parasitism and killing rate of P. absoluta by both parasitoid species, and the parasitoid and P. absoluta population were monitored weekly. The parasitoid species coexisted for seven weeks in the experimental units. Parasitism by D. gelechiidivoris was significantly affected by the presence of B. nigricans, with 73% and 22% parasitism in the absence and presence of B. nigricans, respectively. Parasitism by B. nigricans was not affected by its co-existence with D. gelechiidivoris. The number of D. gelechiidivoris adults increased eight-fold in five weeks in the absence of B. nigricans, while less than the initial number of adults were present in co-existence with B. nigricans. The P. absoluta infestation declined from the fifth week to 98% lesser than the control in all the treatments, either D. gelechiidivoris or B. nigricans as standalone treatments, as well as in combination. Since B. nigricans negatively affected D. gelechiidivoris population growth, releases of this introduced parasitoid should be considered with caution in areas where B. nigricans occurs.
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APA

Sambo, S & Sambo, S (2024). Potential side effects of the interaction between Phthorimaea absoluta parasitoids: the exotic Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris and the native Bracon nigricans. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/potential-side-effects-of-the-interaction-between-phthorimaea-absoluta-parasitoids-the-exotic-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-the-native-bracon-nigricans

MLA 8th

Sambo, Sahadatou and Sahadatou Sambo "Potential side effects of the interaction between Phthorimaea absoluta parasitoids: the exotic Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris and the native Bracon nigricans" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/potential-side-effects-of-the-interaction-between-phthorimaea-absoluta-parasitoids-the-exotic-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-the-native-bracon-nigricans. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Sambo, Sahadatou, Sahadatou Sambo . "Potential side effects of the interaction between Phthorimaea absoluta parasitoids: the exotic Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris and the native Bracon nigricans". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/potential-side-effects-of-the-interaction-between-phthorimaea-absoluta-parasitoids-the-exotic-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-the-native-bracon-nigricans >.

Chicago

Sambo, Sahadatou and Sambo, Sahadatou . "Potential side effects of the interaction between Phthorimaea absoluta parasitoids: the exotic Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris and the native Bracon nigricans" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/potential-side-effects-of-the-interaction-between-phthorimaea-absoluta-parasitoids-the-exotic-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-the-native-bracon-nigricans