The dietary supplements market is growing at an
alarming rate despite dietary source being acknowledged as the primary and
priority source of nutrients. Kenya’s dietary supplements market has
experienced a steady growth since 2009 owing to increasingly busy lifestyles,
growing health consciousness and disposable income among the general
population. Little has been documented about use of dietary supplements in
Kenya despite their increase in popularity. The purpose of this study was to
determine the prevalence of dietary supplements use and dietary practices among
teachers in public secondary schools in Kikuyu, Kiambu County. Teachers were
chosen to represent the general population because it’s a homogeneous group,
with average Kenyan income, evenly distributed across the country and hence
opinion shapers in the community. The study adopted cross-sectional analytical
study design with qualitative and quantitative methods in data collection,
analysis and presentation. Researcher administered questionnaire and key
informant interview guides were used to elicit information from the
participants. Simple random sampling was used to select a sample of 178
teachers from 17 public secondary schools located in Kikuyu SubCounty while
purposive sampling was used to select a sample of the key informants. Data was
analyzed using SPSS version 22. Data from the 24 hour dietary recall was
analyzed using Nutri-survey to obtain specific nutrients consumed. A P-value of
<0.05 was considered statistically significant. The mean age of the teachers
was 38.53 ± 9.75 years with most being between the ages of 41-50 years.
Majority of the participants were females (60.7%), married (65.7%) had an
undergraduate university degree (67.4%), and earned an average household income
of >Ksh 50,000 (53.9%). Out of the possible 14 food groups, the mean DDS was
7.42 ± 1.40. The mean intakes for vitamin A, B6, iron and zinc (2300±4432, 1.43
± 0.69; 28.39 ± 24.7; 14.40 ± 5.30 respectively) were found adequate as opposed
to those of vitamin C, D and E as well as calcium (55.30 ± 27.09; 6.906 ± 4.59;
10.12 ± 5.697 and 703.04 ± 420.87 respectively) that fell below the RNIs.
Consumption patterns showed high intake of starchy staples with rice and ugali having the highest intakes. There
was moderate intake of proteins with high consumption of animal source foods
while consumption of fruits and vegetables was low and moderate respectively.
The prevalence of dietary supplements use was 28.7% with the most commonly
consumed supplements being omega 3 and 6 (60.8%), calcium (56.9%) and multivitamins
AfroAsia, R (2021). Prevalence Of Dietary Supplements Use And Dietary Practices Among Teachers In Public Secondary Schools In Kikuyu, Kiambu County, Kenya. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 18, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-dietary-supplements-use-and-dietary-practices-among-teachers-in-public-secondary-schools-in-kikuyu-kiambu-county-kenya
Research, AfroAsia. "Prevalence Of Dietary Supplements Use And Dietary Practices Among Teachers In Public Secondary Schools In Kikuyu, Kiambu County, Kenya" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-dietary-supplements-use-and-dietary-practices-among-teachers-in-public-secondary-schools-in-kikuyu-kiambu-county-kenya . Accessed 18 Jun. 2021.
Research, AfroAsia. "Prevalence Of Dietary Supplements Use And Dietary Practices Among Teachers In Public Secondary Schools In Kikuyu, Kiambu County, Kenya". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Jun. 2021. Web. 18 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-dietary-supplements-use-and-dietary-practices-among-teachers-in-public-secondary-schools-in-kikuyu-kiambu-county-kenya >.
Research, AfroAsia. "Prevalence Of Dietary Supplements Use And Dietary Practices Among Teachers In Public Secondary Schools In Kikuyu, Kiambu County, Kenya" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 18, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-dietary-supplements-use-and-dietary-practices-among-teachers-in-public-secondary-schools-in-kikuyu-kiambu-county-kenya