PREVALENCE OF HEMOPHILIA AMONG PATIENTS VISITING BLACK LION SPECIALIZED TEACHING HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

Abstract:

Hemophilia is the condition in which the blood clots very slowly and in severe cases spontaneous bleeding into muscles and joints. It is genetic disorder caused primarily by a deficiency of important coagulation or clotting factors. The purpose of this project based thesis was to determine the prevalence of hemophilia cases over the past ten years among patients visiting Black Lion Hospital. Retrospective study was conducted by using all the available secondary data from the patients’ record in Black Lion Hospital. Descriptive statistics was employed to determine the frequency of Hemophilia A and Hemophilia B and their relative frequencies over ten years. The relevant data was analyzed using SPSS software window16. Over the past ten years, a total of 153 patients medical records were found and all of which were for males. The medical records indicated that all patients were males and no female patients, revealing that the disorder is genetical and fulfilling the conditions for X-linked traits and disorders. From 153 male patients’ medical record, 147 of them had hemophilia A and only 6 of them were with hemophilia B. On the bases of Ethiopia age structure, the finding also revealed that hemophilia A within the age group of 0-14 was 0.003% and for the age group 15-64 was 0.001%, while hemophilia B within the age group 0-14 was 0.00006 % and for the age group 15-64 was 0.0001%. Their medical records also revealed that none of the patients were aged above 64 or no patient aged above 64 was treated in the hospital on hemophilia cases. Relatively more hemophilia A cases were recorded between 2008-2012 while between 2003 -2007 hemophilia A cases were low. On the other hand, no hemophilia B cases were found in the year 2004, 2005, 2009 and 2012 while in all the remaining years only one case per year was recorded. Finally based on the above findings it can be suggested that the hospital has to home care treatment and prepare or look for more factor VIII than IX. Awareness creation for patients as well as the community must be made to know their medical history so as to save the next generation as hemophilia is sex linked genetic disorder.
Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Tihitina, M (2024). PREVALENCE OF HEMOPHILIA AMONG PATIENTS VISITING BLACK LION SPECIALIZED TEACHING HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-hemophilia-among-patients-visiting-black-lion-specialized-teaching-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia

MLA 8th

Tihitina, Musse "PREVALENCE OF HEMOPHILIA AMONG PATIENTS VISITING BLACK LION SPECIALIZED TEACHING HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-hemophilia-among-patients-visiting-black-lion-specialized-teaching-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Tihitina, Musse . "PREVALENCE OF HEMOPHILIA AMONG PATIENTS VISITING BLACK LION SPECIALIZED TEACHING HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-hemophilia-among-patients-visiting-black-lion-specialized-teaching-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia >.

Chicago

Tihitina, Musse . "PREVALENCE OF HEMOPHILIA AMONG PATIENTS VISITING BLACK LION SPECIALIZED TEACHING HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-hemophilia-among-patients-visiting-black-lion-specialized-teaching-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia